+234 813 0686 500
+234 809 3423 853
info@grossarchive.com

THE EFFECT OF EMPLOYEE PARTICIPATION IN MANAGEMENT DECISION MAKING

  • Type:Project
  • Chapters:5
  • Pages:65
  • Format:Microsoft Word
(Business Administration and Management Project Topics & Materials)

Abstract

This research work is conceived with the effect of employee participation in management decision making in Federal Poly Oko Anambra State. The study involved a survey in which a total of two hundred employee were used as subjects, fur (4) research question were as tested. Questionnaire was used to elicit information from employees in Federal Poly Oko. The data collected were analyzed using mean scores. The effect of employee participation in management decision making in Federal Poly Oko. The researcher found out that sometime decision made by Junior staff of the institution will not be used and most of the staff have known time to go for meetings finding of the respondents in table 3 shows more respondents with higher measures in table 3 shows more respondents with higher measure in the respond. We found that employees in Federal Poly Oko have a higher involvement in decision making. Based on the findings of the study it could be conclude that workers in the study institution are much more involved in the management decision making.

CHAPTER 1

INTRODUCTION

1.1      Background of Study

Over the years, the practice of organizational management demanded that employer/management could expect that workers will do the work that is set before them. While this was a perfectly typical method of getting results through others in the early days of assembly line and scientific management, it is no longer true of today’s business, the trend has changed in that management expects more from its workers than doing simply what is put before them. It has also changed in that work expects that more can be got from them by simply working according to the direction of the boss. However, with the rise of such theories as “participation management” and with increasing recognition those employees often have something valuable to contribute (beyond the accepted units of their normal job duties (Adewumi F. 2005).

Many companies are now actively seeking ways of getting employees to participate more in decision affecting them; the workers on the other hand expects to be asked how he feels about his job, and what his ideas are on how the work can be done more easily, better and faster. The reason for this change in emphasis is that management has discovered hat there are tangible business values in soliciting and using the ideas of people at all levels in the organization. As the main objective of every business organization is long-term survival and in addition to have a competitive advantage over and above its competitors rather than being like the biblical seeds that fell on the way side and perished. The secret of having his competitive advantage over others then lies on the productivity of the enterprise. The increase in productivity can only be achieved mainly through the organizational work force (Dunlop. 2007).

Increase in work life and productivity in an enterprise starts with the mind. It starts with the improvement of an individual self-esteem and self worth. It starts with helping an employee develop a higher degree of self regard. In tracina the background of this concept of employee participation in decision making, one can inter it to be a household name in many countries of the world. (Dunlop J. 2007). Japan’s success in the business world is attributed to employee participate. Decision making is shared at all levels of management. It is observed that decision making in Japanese firms are focused on defining questions or issues rather than on finding solutions. Thus all levels of the organization are involved in this process, in the United States, Industrial democracy is practiced, employee are encouraged to buy shares in companies thereby enabling them to have a say in the management of their organization. In other developed countries like Britain, Yugoslavia and Germany, participatory management is popular In Britain and Yugoslavia. It is known as joint consultation and self management respectively while in Germany, it is known as co-determination. In Nigeria, participatory management has come a long way. The Nigeria military government in 1977 decided t democratize industrial ownership in Nigeria by promulgating the Nigerian Indigenization decree part of which provides “that 10 percent total equity share of any enterprise on schedule, 2 and 3 should be reserved for workers (Fashoyin, T. 1992) 

1.2      Statement of the Study

The issue of whether participation in decision making exists in the Nigeria industrial set up is very controversial. Some companies in Nigeria practice participate decision making and government has in the past encouraged participation in decision making though registration on the contrary, some management writers n Nigeria are of the opinion that reason is that the necessary pre-requisite conditions encourage participation in Nigeria are not available. The research is aimed at the effect of employee participation in management decision making in Federal Poly Oko.

However, research into Federal Poly Oko has exposed employee desire for involvement in decision making in their various organizations. Employees are at the same time important elements of the accomplishment of the school goals, in order to standard and remain as a Federal Institution. The reason basically rests on the fact that employees are operators and are in better position to know the problem they encounter in doing a particular task and how best to solve them. This study is therefore set to determine the extent of practice of participating in decision making in Federal Poly Oko.

1.3      Purpose of the Study

Specifically, the research intends to determine the effect of employee. Participation in management decision making in Federal Poly Oko.

1.          To ascertain the level employees with low educational qualification have more influence in decision making in Federal Poly Oko.

2.          To it employee: Opinions are made used off after being collected by the management of the institution.

3.          To employees are allowed to make decision in Federal Poly Oko.

4.          To examine the employees participation in decision making result to responsibility and independence.

1.4      Significance of the Study

The study is designed to provide information to the populace on how Federal Poly Oko have faired in their practice of participative decision making and its contributions to the staff and the school. It is expected that this study will be benefiticial to the management by giving enough insight into the benefits of employee participation in decision making, workers, students of business administration and the society at large are equally the hope that the study would provide a basic on which further research would be carried out.

1.5      Research Question

1.          To what extent employees with low educational qualification have more influence in decision making in Federal Poly Oko.

2.          To what extent employees opinion are made use off after being collected by the management of Federal Poly Oko.

3.          To what extent employees are allowed to make decision in Federal Poly Oko

4.          To what extent the employee’s participation in decision making result to responsibility and independence.

1.6      Hypothesis (Optional)

The following testable hypotheses were formulated to guide the attainment of the research objectives.

Ho: An employee in higher job position tends to exercise more involvement in management decision making than another in lower job position.

H1: An employee who possesses higher educational qualification would tend to have more influence in management decision making that other who possess lower educational qualification.

1.7      Scope/Delimitation of the Study

This study is about the effect if employee participation in management decision making. The extent of employees participation and the problem encountered in its practice will be examined. Government press and a few. Other selected private institution and University in Anambra State will be limited because of time and finance being faced by the researcher and also unwillingness of some management in using their organization or institution for research. Despite these limitation, the study will explore every necessary available information to be attain its set objective.

1.8      Definition of Terms

1.          Participation: The process during which individuals groups and organizations are consulted about or have the opportunity to become activity involved in project or program of activity.

2.          Decision Making: A result arrived at by the judges when here is no clear winner at the end of the contest.

3.          Management: The executive of an organization, especially senior executives.

4.          Employees: An individual who provides labor to a company or another person.

THE EFFECT OF EMPLOYEE PARTICIPATION IN MANAGEMENT DECISION MAKING

Share This

Details

Type Project
Department Business Administration and Management
Project ID BAM1039
Price ₦3,000 ($9)
Chapters 5 Chapters
No of Pages 65 Pages
Format Microsoft Word

500
Leave a comment...

    Details

    Type Project
    Department Business Administration and Management
    Project ID BAM1039
    Price ₦3,000 ($9)
    Chapters 5 Chapters
    No of Pages 65 Pages
    Format Microsoft Word

    Related Works

    THE EFFECTS OF PARTICIPATION IN MANAGEMENT DECISION MAKING ON EMPLOYEE PRODUCTIVITY. (A CASE STUDY OF NIGERIA BOTTLING COMPANY PLC 9TH MILE PLANTED AT NSUDE) ABSTRACT This research investigation studied The Effects of Participation in Management Decision-Making on Employee Productivity in Organizations. The major Objectives of this study is to... Continue Reading
    ABSTRACT The purpose of this study is to examine employees participation in decision making and its impact in ANAMMCO imited Enugu. To carryout this study, data were collected frm primary and secondary data. The main data instrument is the questionnaire, the data are presented table and analysed with frequencies and percentages. Having analyzed... Continue Reading
    CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY Decision making is defined as the process of selecting among alternatives. Decision making is implicitly aimed at picking on alternative solution, which when applied, can solve a given problem. It involves three district... Continue Reading
    (A CASE STUDY OF I.M.T) ABSTRACT This project work was written in attempt to give a unique touch on Employee Participation in Decision Making and Organizational Commitment. It deals with the nature of employee participation in organizational decision-making and also the... Continue Reading
    CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY Decision is a choice whereby a person forms a conclusion about a situation. (Costello et al 1963 pg 43) defined the term decision making to a choice process choosing one from among several possibilities. However, decision... Continue Reading
    THE IMPACT OF EMPLOYEE PARTICIPATION IN DECISION MAKING AND ORGANIZATIONAL PRODUCTIVITY (A CASE STUDY OF ANAMMCO ENUGU) ABSTRACT This research was designed to ascertain the impact of employee participation in management decision- making in an organization, using ANAMMCO Ltd as a case study. Method / Findings: In order to test the hypothesis of the... Continue Reading
    ABSTRACT This study was carried out with the aim of appraising the impact of employee participation in decision making and organizational productivity. In order to actualize the objectives of the study, various literature and theoretical issues were discussed.... Continue Reading
    CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY   Decision according to the oxford advance learner is the action of deciding a conclusion reached and a judgment arrived at. Therefore decision-making is the most germane activities of management of multifarious organization ranging from small-scale organization to multinational corporations.... Continue Reading
    ABSTRACT This study was carried out with the aim of appraising the impact of employee participation in decision making and organizational productivity. In order to actualize the objectives of the study, various literature and theoretical issues were discussed.... Continue Reading
    ABSTRACT This study examines the impact of employee participation in decision making in organizational growth and development using power holding company of Nigeria (PHCN Oleh district). During the study data was... Continue Reading