1.1 Background of the study
1.2 Statement of problem
1.3 Objective of the study
1.4 Research Hypotheses
1.5 Significance of the study
1.6 Scope and limitation of the study
1.7 Definition of terms
1.8 Organization of the study
2.0 LITERATURE REVIEW
3.0 Research methodology
3.1 sources of data collection
3.3 Population of the study
3.4 Sampling and sampling distribution
3.5 Validation of research instrument
3.6 Method of data analysis
DATA PRESENTATION AND ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION
4.2 Data analysis
This study is on the effect of TV cartoon network on the aggressive behavior of school going children. The total population for the study is 200 staff of Empaa nursery and primary school, Ejigbo of Osun state. The researcher used questionnaires as the instrument for the data collection. Descriptive Survey research design was adopted for this study. A total of 133 respondents made up headmasters, teachers, senior staff and junior staff was used for the study. The data collected were presented in tables and analyzed using simple percentages and frequencies
1.1 Background of the study
Television has become a significant social phenomenon in Nigeria and all over the world. Television viewing is generally believed to generate social force of undeniable influence. It is assume to be the most popular entertainment mass media for children and women. It is this selection of daily programmes, which gets full attention of the viewers. One might says, whatever impacts television is able to inculcate, it is because of various plays, films and musical shows e.t.c. which are telecasted every day, (Zubari, 1992).There is lot of television programmes designed for viewing pleasure of their target audience. Some are tailored towards children, women, adult and many more. This could carry different title such as family health. You and the law, today’s women, children arena, political talk, musical, T.V drama, cartoons, let’s go farming and many more. However, for the purpose of the research, attention will be on the effect of television cartoon network on the aggressive behaviour of school going children. A cartoon is any of several forms of art with varied meanings that evolved from one to another. Cartoon network is a main source of entertainment for children. Children keenly observe what cartoon is on air on cartoon network. Because of this channel, we can see barren play grounds, children sloppy attitude towards studies. They have no time for the healthy activities. Children watch cartoons which are understandable in terms of language. Nigeria children therefore prefer to watch English version cartoons because English language has been adopted as a linguafranca. When children see cartoons in easy and understandable language, they enjoy more and are involved more. Elementary school age (ages six to eleven) is considered a critical period for understanding the effects of television on aggression. At this stage, children develop the attention span and cognitive ability to follow continuous plots and recognize motivations and consequences to characters actions. At this age children’s learning ability is faster than adults (cited at: www. Media. Awareness. com). A number of early studies revealed negative relationship between amount of viewing and measures of their mental ability or aptitude, Schramn et al .(1961)found that students with “ high mental ability” watched more television than these with low mental ability, until ages 10-14: at this point, the low mental students begin watching less and less.
1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
Children tend to behave base on what they watch on television.
v Poor media law to determine what children are too watched.
v Watching violence cartoon on television do stick to the psyche of children.
v Parent and guidance lack knowledge of the implication of watching violence cartoon on their children attitude.
In their research work focus will be made on effect of T.V cartoon network on the aggressive behaviour of school going children.
1.3 OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY
The objectives of the study are;
1. To show how television cartoon network increase children aggressive behaviour.
2. To let the parent and guidance aware of the implication in watching aggressive cartoon on their children.
3. To know how children feel during and after watching cartoon network
4. To examine how watching cartoon have affected children education.
5. To study the gender (male or female) mostly influence by the cartoon character and dress.
1.4 RESEARCH HYPOTHESES
For the successful completion of the study, the following research hypotheses were formulated by the researcher;
H0: television cartoon network do not increase children aggressive behaviour.
H1: television cartoon network increase children aggressive behaviour.
H02: parent and guidance are not aware of the implication in watching aggressive cartoon on their children
H2: parent and guidance aware of the implication in watching aggressive cartoon on their children
1.5 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
The research is significance in decent that, the research will help to find the remote influence of the T.V cartoon on children aggressiveness. It will as well enable parents and guidance to determine their children exposure to cartoon network.
1.6 SCOPE AND LIMITATION OF THE STUDY
The study is limited to in scope to the effect of T.V cartoon network on the aggressive behaviour of school going children. Since it is difficult it to study the entire nursery and primary school children in Nigeria, Empaa nursery and primary school, Ejigbo is the focus of this research work. The researcher encounters some constrain which limited the scope of the study;
a) AVAILABILITY OF RESEARCH MATERIAL: The research material available to the researcher is insufficient, thereby limiting the study
b) TIME: The time frame allocated to the study does not enhance wider coverage as the researcher has to combine other academic activities and examinations with the study.
c) Organizational privacy: Limited Access to the selected auditing firm makes it difficult to get all the necessary and required information concerning the activities
1.7 DEFINITION OF TERMS
Effect: it means the impact or contributions or implication.
Television: this is the major mass media using audio visual to converge message to a wider audience.
Cartoon: this is a graphical illustration using animate image to present information usually in newspapers.
Aggressive behaviour: This is synonymous to violence attitude among the school going children of underage usually between age 5 to 10years
1.8 ORGANIZATION OF THE STUDY
This research work is organized in five chapters, for easy understanding, as follows
Chapter one is concern with the introduction, which consist of the (overview, of the study), historical background, statement of problem, objectives of the study, research hypotheses, significance of the study, scope and limitation of the study, definition of terms and historical background of the study. Chapter two highlights the theoretical framework on which the study is based, thus the review of related literature. Chapter three deals on the research design and methodology adopted in the study. Chapter four concentrate on the data collection and analysis and presentation of finding. Chapter five gives summary, conclusion, and recommendations made of the studyTHE EFFECT OF T.V CARTOON NETWORK ON THE AGGRESSIVE BEHAVIOUR OF SCHOOL GOING CHILDREN