+234 813 0686 500
+234 809 3423 853
info@grossarchive.com

PUBLIC LATRINE SYSTEM AND ITS ASSOCIATED PROBLEMS

  • Type:Project
  • Chapters:5
  • Pages:50
  • Format:Microsoft Word
(Environmental Science Project Topics & Materials)

ABSTRACT

A lot of public latrine poses a very serious problem to the people of Awka and also to other places across the country. The problem of open defecation which some people often refer to as going to the bush or bush shitting has persistently been difficult to address in Awka and Nigeria because of the unavailability of good public and home toilets both in the cities and local communities or villages. A lot of people live without proper sanitation in Awka and these people have to decide on daily basis how to organize defecation without feeling ashamed or fear. Two hypothesis were formulated? To test the relationship between outbreak of disease and public latrine and the need for provision of latrine in public places. Data used for the study were collected from primary and secondary sources including questionnaire survey of the residents in Awka. From the analysis, it was found out that enough latrine are not provided in public places like markets, public compounds and even hostels thereby making the least provided to be overused and uncared for. The tests result shows that good latrine and the quality of life of the residents are significantly related. The recommendations made in the study include adequate provision of public toilets and toilets facilities as well as financing and maintenance of toilet facilities. It is hoped that the suggested measures of this study will go along way to improving the life residents in Awka territory. 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Title page

Approval page

Declaration

Dedication

Abstract

Table of content

List of table

CHAPTER ONE  

1.0  Introduction

1.1  Background of the study

1.2  Statement of research problems

1.3  Research question

1.4  Goals and objectives

1.5  Statement of hypothesis

1.6  Theoretical framework

1.7  Scope of the study

1.8  Significance of the study

1.9  Limitation and constrain of the study

1.10 Operational definitions

CHAPTER TWO

2.0   Literature review

2.1   The nature of public latrine

2.2   Environmental pollution

2.3   Sanitation

2.4   Surface water quality

2.4.1Sources of water waste

2.4.2Strategies for controlling and managing waste

2.5   Biological processes in latrines

2.6   Non-biological processes in latrine

2.6.1Filling rates

2.6.2Draining of liquid out of the pit

2.7   Public latrine management technique

2.7.1Management

2.7.2Training of caretaker

2.7.3Public health education

2.7.4Maintenance

2.7.5Economy and fees

2.7.6Monitoring and supervision

3.8   Summary of the review

CHAPTER THREE    

3.0   Description of the study area

3.1   Brief history of Awka

3.2   Location of the study area

3.3   The physical characteristics

3.3.1Topography and geology

3.3.2Climate

3.3.3Vegetation

3.3.4Hydrology and surface drainage

3.3.5Soil

3.3.6Population of the area

3.4   Physical feature of Awka

3.5   Social/economic features

3.6   Urban structural plan

3.7   Land use pattern classification

3.8   Major area having public latrine

CHAPTER FOUR  

4.0   Research methodology

4.1   The research design

4.2   Sources of data

4.2.1Primary source of data

4.2.2Secondary data

4.3   Methods of data collection

4.4   Methods of data analysis

4.4.1Determination of sample size (population)

4.5   Procedure for data collection

4.6   Constrains of data analysis

CHAPTER FIVE  

5.0   Data analysis and survey

5.1   Analysis and presentation of responses

5.2   Problems of public latrine

5.2.1Pollution of the environment

5.2.2Pollution of water sources and food

5.2.3Abuse of public toilet

5.2.4Lack of maintenance

5.2.5Lack of public health education

5.3   Strategies for Managing public latrine

5.3.1Safe and clean environment

5.3.2Provision of public toilets

5.3.4Maintenance and management

CHAPTER SIX  

6.0   Findings, Recommendation/Conclusion

6.1   Summary of findings

6.2   Avoiding risks of disease outbreak

6.2.1Open defecation

6.2.2Not washing your hands

6.2.3Leaving dishes on the ground

6.3   Recommendation

6.4   Conclusion

      References

      Questionnaire 

PUBLIC LATRINE SYSTEM AND ITS ASSOCIATED PROBLEMS

Share This

Details

Type Project
Department Environmental Science
Project ID EVS0014
Price ₦3,000 ($20)
Chapters 5 Chapters
No of Pages 50 Pages
Format Microsoft Word

500
Leave a comment...

    Details

    Type Project
    Department Environmental Science
    Project ID EVS0014
    Price ₦3,000 ($20)
    Chapters 5 Chapters
    No of Pages 50 Pages
    Format Microsoft Word

    Related Works

    ABSTRACT A lot of public latrine poses a very serious problem to the people of Awka and also to other places across the country. The problem of open defecation which some people often refer to as going to the bush or bush shitting has persistently been difficult to address in Awka and Nigeria because of the unavailability of good public and home... Continue Reading
    IMPACT OF PUBLIC PIT TOILET SYSTEM AND ITS   ASSOCIATED PROBLEMS   (A CASE STUDY OF UDI LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA IN ENUGU STATE) CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION Background of the study A pit toilet is a type of toilet that collects human feces in a hole in the ground. They use either no water or one to three liters per flush with pour-flush pit... Continue Reading
    Abstract This study is on impact of public pit toilet and its associated problem. The total population for the study is 200 staff of Udi local government area of Enugu state. The researcher used questionnaires as the instrument... Continue Reading
    IMPACT OF PUBLIC PIT TOILET SYSTEM AND ITS   ASSOCIATED PROBLEMS   (A CASE STUDY OF UDI LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA IN ENUGU STATE) CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION Background of the study A pit toilet is a type of toilet that collects human feces in a hole in the ground. They use either no water or one to three liters per flush with pour-flush pit... Continue Reading
    (A CASE OF ANAMMCO) ABSTRACT This research study tries to investigate the management problems of public enterprises, a case study of Anambra motor manufacturing company (ANAMMCO) One of the major objectives of any government is a stable growth and development of the country through industrialization. One... Continue Reading
    (A CASE OF ANAMMCO) ABSTRACT This research study tries to investigate the management problems of public enterprises, a case study of Anambra motor manufacturing company (ANAMMCO) One of the major objectives of any government is a stable growth and development of the country through industrialization.  One... Continue Reading
    (A CASE STUDY OF ANAMMCO) ABSTRACT This research study tries to investigate the management problems of public enterprises, a case study of Anambra motor manufacturing company (ANAMMCO). One of the major objectives of any government is a stable growth and development of the country through... Continue Reading
    (A CASE OF ANAMMCO) ABSTRACT This research study tries to investigate the management problems of public enterprises, a case study of Anambra motor manufacturing company (ANAMMCO) One of the major objectives of any government is a stable growth and development of the country through industrialization. One... Continue Reading
    MANAGEMENT PROBLEMS OF PUBLIC ENTERPRISES (A CASE OF ANAMMCO) ABSTRACT This research study tries to investigate the management problems of public enterprises, a case study of Anambra motor manufacturing company (ANAMMCO) One of the major objectives of any government is a stable growth and development of the country through industrialization. One... Continue Reading
    (INSTITUTE OF MANAGEMENT AND TECHNOLOGY (IMT), ENUGU) ABSTRACT The problems and prospects of personnel management as one may understand it have been in existence for quite a long time. It has simply been caused by some factors such as lack of adequate motivation.  Lack of performance... Continue Reading