THE IMPACT OF BANK LOAN ON THE NIGERIAN INDUSTRIAL SECTOR DEVELOPMENT

  • Chapters:5
  • Pages:87
  • Methodology:Ordinary Least Square
  • Reference:YES
  • Format:Microsoft Word
(Banking and Finance)
THE IMPACT OF BANK LOAN ON THE NIGERIAN INDUSTRIAL SECTOR DEVELOPMENT
TABLE OF CONTENTS

CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION
BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY             
STATEMENT OF THE RESEARCH PROBLEM     
RESEARCH OBJECTIVES                 
RESEARCH HYPOTHESIS                 
SCOPE OF THE STUDY                 
SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY        
LIMITATIONS OF THE STUDY                
REFERENCES                         
CHAPTER TWO: LITERATURE REVIEW
INTRODUCTION                        
EMPIRICAL LITERATURE REVIEW OF BANK CREDIT    
CONCEPTUAL ISSUES                        
THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK                    
INDUSTRIAL POLICIES UNDER DEMOCRATIC
GOVERNANCE IN NIGERIA                    
FEATURES OF THE NIGERIAN INDUSTRIAL SECTOR    
AN OVERVIEW OF INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTION,
POLICIES AND POLITICAL REGIMES IN NIGERIA,
1960-2009                                    
NIGERIA’S INDUSTRIAL POLICY INCENTIVES            
REFERENCES                             
CHAPTER THREE: METHODOLOGY
INTRODUCTION                             
RESEARCH DESIGN                             
METHOD OF DATA COLLECTION AND SOURCES     
METHOD OF DATA ANALYSIS                 
MODEL SPECIFICATION                         
REFERENCES                            
CHAPTER FOUR: DATA PRESENTATION AND ANALYSIS
4.1    INTRODUCTION                            
4.2    PRESENTATION AND ANALYSIS OF RESULTS        
4.3  CORRELATION ANALYSIS                    
4.4    TEST OF HYPOTHESES                        
CHAPTER FIVE: SUMMARY, RECOMMENDATIONS AND CONCLUSION
INTRODUCTION                             
SUMMARY OF FINDINGS                     
RECOMMENDATIONS                            
CONCLUSION                                
BIBLIOGRAPHY                                 
APPENDIX            
CHAPTER ONE
INTRODUCTION
BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY
Finance is required for different purposes by different people, organizations, and other economic agents. To provide the needed finance, there are varieties of institutions rendering financial services. Such institutions are called financial institutions. Banks are among such institutions that render financial services. They are mainly involved in financial intermediation, which involves channeling funds from the surplus unit to the deficit unit of the economy, thus transforming bank deposits into loans or credits. The role of loan in economic development has been recognized as credits are obtained by various economic agents to enable them meet operating expenses. For instance, business firms obtain loan to buy machinery and equipment. Farmers obtain loan to purchase seeds, fertilizers, erect various kinds of farm buildings. Governmental bodies obtain loan to meet various kinds of recurrent and capital expenditures (Nwanyanwu, 2008).
Furthermore, individuals and families also take loan to buy and pay for goods and services (Adeniyi, 2006). According to Ademu (2006), the provision of loan with sufficient consideration for the sector’s volume and price system is a way to generate self-employment opportunities. This is because loan helps to create and maintain a reasonable business size as it is used to establish and/or expand the business, to take advantage of economics of scale. It can also be used to improve informal activity and increase its efficiency. This is achievable through resource substitution, which is facilitated by the availability of loan. While highlighting the role of loan, Ademu (2006), further, explained that credit can be used to prevent an economic activity from total collapse in the event of natural disaster, such as flood, drought, disease, or fire. Credit can be garnered to revive such an economic activity that suffered the set back.
The banking sector helps to make these credits available by mobilizing surplus funds from savers who have no immediate needs of such funds and thus channel such funds in form of credit to investors who have brilliant ideas on how to create additional wealth in the economy but lack the necessary capital to execute the ideas. It is instructive to note that the banking sector has stood out in the financial sector as of prime importance, because in many developing countries of the world, the sector is virtually the only financial means of attracting private savings on a large scale, (McKinnon, 1980 as cited by Adeniyi, 2006). The debate on the intermediary role of banks in the economic development has dominated many discussions in literature. However, there seem to be a general consensus that the role of intermediary role of banks helps in boosting economic development. Akintola (2004) identified banks’ traditional roles to include financing of agriculture, manufacturing and syndicating of credit to productive sectors of the economy. Credit of banks to the Nigerian economy has been increasing over the years. According to Central Bank of Nigeria Annual Report (2007), credit to the core private sector by the Deposit Money Banks grew by 98.7%. Outstanding credit to agriculture, solid minerals, exports and manufacturing in 2007 stood at 3.1, 10.2, 1.4 and 10.1 per cent, respectively. Credit flows to the core private sector in 2007 amounted to N2,289.2billion. Adekanye (1986) observed that in making credit available, banks are rendering a great social service, because through their actions, production is increased, capital investment are expanded and a higher standard of living is realized.
In the light of this, the researcher intends to empirically investigate the impact of bank loan on the Nigerian industrial sector development.
STATEMENT OF THE RESEARCH PROBLEM
The Nigerian industries are confronted with a myriad of problems but notable among them is financial constraint caused by the sources of funds used in financing the project. An industrial project has a long maturity or gestation period and to finance such firms requires long-term sources of funds instead of short-term funds often provided by commercial banks.
The banking sector, by nature of its operations has loanable short-term deposits, which are very liquid. Thus, for banks to tend on long-term basis creates a deposit loan maturity gap as the owners of such deposits can call for their money at short notices. To solve this problem, commercial banks adopt a careful strategy or strategic approach in extending medium to long-term financing which always attracts high interest rate. This in itself constitutes a hard condition for promoters or investors.
Against this backdrop, the following research questions are raised:
Do commercial bank loans and advances have significant impact on the industrial sector output in Nigeria?
Does money supply have a significant impact on the industrial sector output in Nigeria?
Does minimum Rediscounting Rate have significant impact on the industrial sector output in Nigeria?
RESEARCH OBJECTIVES
The research main objective is to investigate the impact of bank loan on the Nigerian industrial sector development. The specific objectives are:
To examine whether commercial bank loans and advances have significant impact on the industrial sector output in Nigeria.
To verify whether money supply have a significant impact on the industrial sector output in Nigeria.
To find out whether minimum rediscounting rate have significant impact on the industrial sector output in Nigeria.
RESEARCH HYPOTHESIS
The following hypotheses have been formulated to serve as a base for this research;
Commercial Bank Loans and Advances have significant impact on the industrial sector output in Nigeria.
Money Supply has a significant impact on the industrial sector output in Nigeria.
Minimum Rediscounting Rate has a significant impact on the industrial sector output in Nigeria.
SCOPE OF THE STUDY
In the light of the stated objectives, the focus of this study is on the impact of bank loan on the Nigerian industrial sector development. As such, this study is restricted to the entire quoted banks in the Nigerian Stock Exchange. Temporally or in term of time series, a period of thirty years is used i.e. 1986 to 2010 using some macroeconomic variables.
SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
This research work on its conclusion, together with whatever solution or findings that may arise, will prove useful to some particular group of persons or otherwise for various reasons in accordance with their varying needs.
Beneficiaries
Stakeholders: This study will be important and beneficial to stakeholders to know the essence of bank loan on the industrial sector.
The Government: It will acquaint the government of the importance of bank loan on the industrial sector and how it should be properly managed.
The public: This study will help to restore the lost confidence of the public as regard bank loan on the industrial sector development.
Academic/future researcher: Both academic and other future researchers in this similar subject matter will find it a useful source of learning and research.  
LIMITATIONS OF THE STUDY
In the course of carry out this study, the researcher encountered some constraints such as finance, time, the response rate of the respondents.
Financial Constraints: Finance is largely needed to tour wider regions or locations just to gather data for processing. But this was not adequately available to sufficiently meet the purpose of this study.
 Access to Current Data: Also most management staff would not want to discuss relevant information about their firms. Even most government establishments did not want to disclose very current data in relation to this aspect of study. This again played a major constraint on this study.
REFERENCES
Nwanyanwu, O. J. (2008), An Analysis of Banks’ Credit on the Nigerian Economic Growth, Jos Journal of Economics, Vol.4, No.1.
Adeniyi, O. M. (2006). Bank Credit and Economic Development in Nigeria: A Case Study of Deposit Money Banks. Jos: University of Jos.
Ademu, W. A. (2006). “The Informal Sector and Employment Generation in Nigeria: The Role of Credit.” Employment Generation in Nigeria. Selected Papers for the 2006 Annual Conference of the Nigerian Economic Society, in Calabar, august 22nd to 24th.
Akintola, S. (2004). “Banks Move Against Soludo” Nigerian Tribune (July 23rd), p.24
Adekanye, F. (1986). Elements of Banking in Nigeria, Lagos: F and A Publishers.


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Project Details

Department Banking and Finance
Project ID BFN0400
Price ₦3,000 ($14)
Chapters 5 Chapters
No of Pages 87 Pages
Methodology Ordinary Least Square
Reference YES
Format Microsoft Word

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    Project Details

    Department Banking and Finance
    Project ID BFN0400
    Price ₦3,000 ($14)
    Chapters 5 Chapters
    No of Pages 87 Pages
    Methodology Ordinary Least Square
    Reference YES
    Format Microsoft Word

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