+234 813 0686 500
+234 809 3423 853
info@grossarchive.com

BIOSORPTIVE POTENTIALS OF UNMODIFIES, CHEMICALLY MODIFIED AND CARBONIZED SAWDUST FROM SOME WOODY

  • Type:Project
  • Chapters:5
  • Pages:33
  • Methodology:scientific
  • Reference:YES
  • Format:Microsoft Word
(Bio-Chemistry Project Topics & Materials)

BIOSORPTIVE POTENTIALS OF UNMODIFIES, CHEMICALLY MODIFIED AND CARBONIZED SAWDUST FROM SOME WOODY

Abstract

Adsorption can be applied for solution containing low concentration of heavy metals in which helps to investigate the influence of chemical modifications and carbonization of the adsorptive capacities of sawdust foe zinc copper and nickel. This metals help to evaluate ranged between 0.130% and 0.393% while volatile matter range between 0.120% in nickel for unmodified and 0.40% in chemically modified. Results also show highest value of volatile matter (0.401%) in modified while lowest value of (0.120%) was recorded in unmodified by nickel as a catalyst. Highest value of ash content (21.05%) was observed or recorded in chemically modified samples while cowest or least in an modify samples Result of fixed carbon show general increase in carbonized than unmodified and modified. These result show that nickel, copper and zinc have good adsorption capacity for unmodified, chemically modified and carbonized form of sawdust.

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1 The industrial revolution in the past five decades have been remarkable due to an thropogenic activities resulting from increasing population, industrialization and urbanization leading to environmental pollution (Adejo efal, 2014).

A greater percentage of the pollutants that food its way into the environment are the heavy metals whose sources could be natural or anthropogenic. Natural sources includes, volcanic eruptions, forests fire, deep sea, vent and greyer, which anthropogenic sources include mining and smelting, painting and coating etc. (Abdillahi, 2013) metals exhibits health uses like the problems in the synthesis of hemoglobin effect on the kidney, gastro intestinal track, reproductive system and acute or chronic damage to the nervous system (Berman, 2016).

Agricultural waste have been recognized as cheap material for the removal of toxic metals (Azza et al, 2014). Activated carbin can be produced using two different process from a variety of carbonaceous source material.

It can be produced using ether physical or chemical activation. It is used in heater purification, food industry, oil and gas production chemical industry medicine etc. (Eyiyceme, 2018).

The adsorption capacity of agricultural by products have been shown to be dependent on various factors such as ph, temperature, adsorbent type, Adsorbentr concentration and other physiologic chemical properties (Agada, et al 2015). Heavy metals cannot be destroyed through biological degradation as in the case with most organic pollutants, therefore, it is important to enhance the adsorption capacities of agricultural wasted through modifications (Igwe, 2017). Sawdust is widely produced through sawing of woods in various locations. Most of this are discarded as waste, the use of these materials for adsorption purposes will also enhanced environmental dealiness.       

STATEMENT OF PROBLEM

Metals exhibits health issues like in the problems in the synthesis of hemoglobin, effects on the kidney, gastro intestinal frack, reproductive system and acute or chromic damage to the nervous system (Berman, 2016). The heavy metals hazardous to human includes copper, zinc, etc. Such metals are found naturally in the food in trace amount which pose few problem which concentrated in a particular area however, they presents a second damage when in high concentrations (Barker 2015)

1.2    NEED FOR THE REMOVAL OF HEAVY METALS

continues discharge of industrial domestic and agricultural waste in rivers and lakes cause deposit of pollutants in sediment such pollutants includes heavy metals which endanger public health after being incorporated in food chain. Excessive amount of some heavy metals can be toxic through direct action of the metals or through their inorganic salts or via organic compound from which the metal can become easily detached or introduce into the cell (c faisal, 2013).

1.3 AIM OF THE STUDY

The aim of the project is to investigate the influence of chemical modification and carbonization of on the adsorptive capacities of sawdust obtained from different woody materials for zonic, copper and nucleic from aqueous solutions.

1. Conventional methods for removal of heavy metals from solution includes theme are numerous methods of exist to remove detrimental metal ions from aqueous solution they are as follows, chemical precipitation adsorption ion-exchange, electro chemical treatments reverse osmosis etc.

The use of these conventional methods however has been abandoned mostly due to certain disadvantages these inudes,

1.     Incomplete metal ions removals.

2.     High reagent and energy requirement

3.     Generation of toxic sludge or other waste product.

  The use of biomass for heavy metal remediation has advantage over conventional methods. These includes,

1. Adsorption can be applied for solutions containing low concentration of heavy metal ion.

ii) activated combine has been the most used adsorbent for adsorbing various substances.

BIOSORPTIVE POTENTIALS OF UNMODIFIES, CHEMICALLY MODIFIED AND CARBONIZED SAWDUST FROM SOME WOODY
Share This

Details

Type Project
Department Bio-Chemistry
Project ID BCH0027
Price ₦3,000 ($9)
Chapters 5 Chapters
No of Pages 33 Pages
Methodology scientific
Reference YES
Format Microsoft Word

500
Leave a comment...

    Details

    Type Project
    Department Bio-Chemistry
    Project ID BCH0027
    Price ₦3,000 ($9)
    Chapters 5 Chapters
    No of Pages 33 Pages
    Methodology scientific
    Reference YES
    Format Microsoft Word

    Related Works

    Abstract Adsorption can be applied for solution containing low concentration of heavy metals in which helps to investigate the influence of chemical modifications and carbonization of the adsorptive capacities of sawdust foe zinc copper and nickel.... Continue Reading
    ABSTRACT Black cotton soil classified as an A-7-6 (24) soil on AASHTO classification collected from new Marte area of Borno state was modified with up to 4% cement and LBWA up to 8% by weight of the soil. The effect of locust bean waste ash (LBWA) on the cement modified soil was studied with respect to particle size distribution , Atterberg... Continue Reading
    ABSTRACT Municipal solid wastes re-use and recycling have multiple socioeconomic and environmental benefits that have not been adequately examined in Zaria, Kaduna State, Nigeria. The objectives of this research are to: examine the socio-economic and demographic characteristics of waste management entrepreneurs; identify the sources and... Continue Reading
    ABSTRACT Aquaculture continues to grow rapidly every day, and then became bigger and bigger industry every year. So understanding the basic part behind aquatic production facilities is of increasing importance for all those working in this industry. Aquaculture requires knowledge and skills of the many general aspects of production such as... Continue Reading
    CHAPTER ONE GENERAL INTRODUCTION 1.0.0: INTRODUCTION Public Private Partnership is a contractual arrangement which is formed between public and private sector partners which involve the private sector in the development, financing, ownership, and or operation of a public facility or service. In such a partnership, public and private resources are... Continue Reading
    ABSTRACT Nigeria is a country with a population of over 170 million; it is rightly the most populous country in Africa and the eighth most populous country in the world. According to the United Nations, one in six Africans is Nigerian. It is a regional power, listed among the “Next Eleven” economies, and a member of the Commonwealth of... Continue Reading
    ABSTRACT In view of the critical role of the Nigerian Capital Market in the development and growth of the economy, foreign Investment operations had been scrutinized to determine its impact on the Nigerian capital market. Foreign investment which is the summation... Continue Reading
    EFFECT OF PROCESSING METHODS ON THE CHEMICAL COMPOSITION HYPOGLYCEMIC AND HYPOLIPIDEMIC POTENTIALS OF vernonia amygdalina (onugbu AND Gongronema latifolium (Utazi) VEGETABLES ABSTRACT Vernonia amygdalina (VA) and Gongronema latifolium (GL) vegetables were processed using four methods; boiling for 5, 10, 15, 20, 25, 30 min, boiling for 5min each in... Continue Reading
    THE POTENTIALS FOR A CO-OPERATIVE THRIFT AND CREDIT SOCIETY IN HIGHER EDUCATON (A CASE STUDY OF IMT ENUGU) ABSTRACT In this research work, the researcher made use of both primary and secondary data. Under primary data carefully prepared and detailed questions called questionnaire was used to collect data from student of Institute of Management and... Continue Reading
    THE POTENTIALS FOR A CO-OPERATIVE THRIFT CREDIT SOCIETY IN A HIGHER EDUCATION INSTITUTION (A CASE STUDY OF I.M.T, ENUGU) TABLE OF CONTENTS CHAPTER ONE 1.1 Background of the study/Introduction 1.2 Statement of Problem 1.3 Purpose of the Study 1.4 Scope of the Study 1.5 Significance of the Study 1.6 Definition of Term 1.7 Research Questions. CHAPTER... Continue Reading