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INFLUENCE OF PEER GROUP ON THE ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF STUDENT’S IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS

(Education)

INFLUENCE OF PEER GROUP ON THE ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF STUDENT’S IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS

ABSTRACT

This study probes the impact which Tv has on the cultural values of the Nigeria youths. It specifically tackles the impact of western Tv programes on Nigeria University students. The research posits that the current trends in cultural behaviour of youths in Nigeria as observed among Caritas student Enugu is significantly associated with their perception of western culture and exposure to western Tv programmes. The assumption that foreign media content has direct powerful effects is shared by optimistic modernization theory. Lerner (1962) Rogers (1964) Schramm (1964) and the later critical perspective of cultural and media imperialism. McPhail (1981), (1984) Gerbuer (1977). The research applies the theory of acculturation along with the culturation hypothesis. “Defluer and Dennis 1991, Garbner 1977, Morgan 1991” explains that acculturation of Nigeria youths take place as a result of exposure to western Tv which influence the perception of Tv reality and alters self-image. From the review of related literature, the following hypotheses emerged for testing HI: More exposure to Tv will tend to identification of western television stars as models. H2: The improvement of Local Tv movies industries will increase Nigerian youths’ preference for local Tv product. Research hypotheses 1 and 2 received statistical support from the analysis of collected data using the survey research method Recommendations to check the cultural genocide for further research were preferred.

This paper looked at indecent dressing, a dress pattern that is common among students of higher institutions of

learning in _igeria particularly, the female ones by examining the various forms that these dresses appear,

reasons why these students dress indecently such as poor parenting, peer pressure, wrong use of the Internet,

fading values as well as demonic influence among others. The negative consequences of dressing indecently

were identified to include rape, prostitution, HIV/AIDS and other venereal disease infection as well as armed

robbery, lying and poor school grades. Recommendations put forward included that parents be good moral

exemplars to their children, give them attention and regulate the films they watch at homes, the mass media

must promote good moral values, religious leaders must preach against, counsel and deliver those under

demonic influence, as well as the introduction of college or university uniforms for students.                  

 CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1            BACKGROUND OF STUDY

 

Indecent appearance has come to characterize the dress pattern of many students on the campuses of higher learning in Nigeria. There is hardly any higher institution of learning in this country that is not faced with this nauseating problem. The way students on these campuses of learning particularly, the female ones, dress seductively leaves much to be desired What the girls call skirts that they wear is just “one inch” longer than their pants. When they put on such dresses, they struggle to sit down, find difficulty in climbing machines, cross gutters as well as pick anything from the ground. Apart from the skimpy and tight fitting nature of these dresses, they are again transparent; revealing certain parts of the bodies that under normal dressing patterns ought to be hidden away from the glare of people. In the case of boys, their pattern of dress is different.

It makes them to look so dirty and very unattractive with unkempt hairs and dirty jeans having pockets of holes deliberately created around the knees and the lower part of the trousers allowed to flow on the ground because they go through their heals into their legs as socks. The waist of their trousers are lowered and fastened tightly at the middle of the two bottom lobes to reveal their boxers (pants). And when they are walking, they drag their legs and one of their hands particularly, the left one, cupping their invisible scrotum as if they will fall to the ground if not supported. Many of them because of how they dressed had at one time or the other become victims of rape, lured into prostitution, used for ritual purpose, unable to complete their education or

training and also engaged in other ancillary social and moral problems like cultism and lying to mention these few. Although, there are no universally acceptable way or ways of dressing, dresses are meant to serve some definable purposes, country or region notwithstanding. They are part of a peoples culture and they define their tribal or ethnic identity.

Apart from dresses being a means for cultural identity, they are for ornamental or aesthetic purposes, for protection of the body against harsh weather conditions as well as for covering the intimate parts of the body (Answer.com, 2011; &Articlesbase.com, 2011). These purposes are important especially as they form major aspects of a person’s personality. But as important as these purposes are, they have been defeated by the

generation of Nigerian youths (Articlesbase.com, 2011). Their dress patterns are most times anti-African, and are invented. They usually dress in a manner that does not show that they are responsible (nigerianfilms.com, 2009). The African culture and particularly that of Nigeria encourage modesty in appearance as do the Christian and Islamic religions

where the larger population of these youths claim to

be worshipping God.

This un-African dress pattern among the youths of

this generation has generated lots of concern and

worry among the citizenry of the country. Religious

institutions as well as institutions of learning are not

resting on their oars to watch this immoral act being

perpetuated, but they speak against it. For instance,

Olori (2003) reported that at the University of Abuja

rules were made that any dress won must cover

intimate parts of the body, must not expose the

breast, stomach, navel and bare chest. But on this

very campus students still dress indecently. In the

same vein, in Kogi State College of Education,

Ankpa, where this study is focused, it seems that the

introduction of a dress code was misinterpreted by

the students to mean they should dress indecently.

This is because what became obvious with students in

this college after the introduction of this dress code

was the alarming and arrant ways that they began to

dress indecently. One is not however surprised

because what is typical of most Nigerian

administrators is always a wide gap between policy

formulation and execution. Indecent dressing even

though is not accepted as the normality, is seen to be

gaining ascendancy. One then wonders what

becomes of the society tomorrow with the caliber of

students that are being trained. If rules are made for

people, they suppose to be adequately informed why

such rules are made. It is for this very reason that this

paper attempts to counsel students about the causeeffects

of dressing indecently as well as suggests

solutions that could remedy the further spread of this

immoral act on campuses of learning in Nigeria.

1.2            OBJECTIVE OF STUDY

The purpose of the study is to investigate the extent to which peer group contribute to the academic performance of the child. The research will also find out whether peer group influence will contribute to the academic growth of its member furthermore, the investigative behavioral aspect of the peer group on a academic performance of student.

1.3            STATEMENT OF PROBLEM

The concern of the peer group on the academic performance of student in selected secondary schools Efforts would be concentrated on the following

(1)  children interaction with their peers

(2)  stages of the formation with their group

(3)  peer group influence on academic performance of the students

(4)  the implication of a peer group on individual teachers educational administration, policy makers etc

1.4            RESEARCH QUESTIONS

          In examining peer group effect in influencing in the study of agricultural science it is necessary to ask the following question

(1)  How those peer group influence the choice of an individual students

(2)  To what extent those the peer group influence the individual students in choice agricultural subject

(3)  What factor contributed to the choice of an individual student in choosing agricultural science in secondary school

1.5            RESEARCH HYPOTHESIS

          In examining peer group effect in influencing in the study of agricultural science it is necessary to ask the following question

(1)  How those peer group influence the choice of an individual students

(2)  To what extent those the peer group influence the individual students in choice agricultural subject

(3)  What factor contributed to the choice of an individual student in choosing agricultural science in secondary school

1.6            RELEVANCE OF STUDY

study will help in knowing more about the peer group and their stages. It will help in finding out the peer group influence on pre-adolescent and implication on them.

          The work will help in finding out the influence of the peer group on the academic performance of students.

          The research will help in findings solutions to the problem caused by poser group influence. It will also help in relating the peer group of male and female together in terms of the relationship.

          The project will also help to find out the bad and good aspect of peer group

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Project Details

Department Education
Project ID EDU0705
Price N3000 ($14)
CHAPTERS 5 Chapters
No of Pages 55 Pages
Methodology Simple Percentage
Reference YES
Format Microsoft Word