THE IMPACT OF MECHANIZED FARMING IN ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT A CASE STUDY OF OREDO LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF EDO STATE

(Agriculture)

THE IMPACT OF MECHANIZED FARMING IN ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT A CASE STUDY OF OREDO LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF EDO STATE

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study is to investigate the impact of mechanized farming in the economic development of Oredo Local Government Area of Edo State. The study consists of five chapters. Chapter one was the introduction of the study on the impact of mechanized farming. However, the significance of the study was highlighted in addition to the problems encountered by the researcher in the course of investigation. Chapter two focused on the review of related while the third chapter was on methodology. Area considered under this section are the population, sampling procedures, instrumentation of validity and research instruments, method of data collection and method of data analysis, administration of questionnaire. Chapter four was devoted to data analysis. In fact, the researcher adopted the use of simple percentages to analyze the data collected by means of questionnaires. On a final note was chapter five, devoted to summary conclusion and recommendations that will assist the farmer n how to improve on farming with the aid of mechanization. 

 

TABLE OF CONTENT

CHAPTER ONE  

Introduction

Purpose of study

Limitations of the study

Scope of the study

Significance of the study

Statement of the problem

CHAPTER TWO

Literature Review

CHAPTER THREE       

The study area

Population of the study

Sample method

Sample size

Research instrument

Organization of data

Statistical methods of data analysis

CHAPTER FOUR

Data analysis and presentation

CHAPTER FIVE

Summary

Conclusion

Recommendations

REFERENCES    

QUESTIONNAIRES    

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

  1. BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY

Oredo is one of the local government areas of Edo State. It is situated in the western part of Nigeria, and it lies on the rain forest belt of the vegetation. Naturally, it is endowed with fertile land for the cultivation of crops. Agriculture is not only concerned with the cultivation of the soil for the production of crops. The main comprehensive definition is that agriculture is concerned basically with the husbandry of crops and animals for food and for commercial purposes. 

Mechanized farming plays a vital role in Edo State especially in the development of the secondary and tertiary sectors. During the pre-civil war in Nigeria, the predominant occupation in Edo State was agriculture and it was the main stay of the Nigerian economy. Besides other types of occupation existed, these are teaching, printing, trading etc but agriculture outplays them all. Farming can be traced to the earliest traditional societies although yet primitive they often gather wild fruits and roots for food and throw off the seeds in their surroundings. Though this process of trial and error, cultivation of crops started in the dwelling food and shelter are basic necessities for human existences and both originated from farming activities, workers in the secondary and tertiary relies on farming for their final output.

Also, mechanized farming provides empowerment into agricultural opportunity to the labour force through direct employment into agricultural and its interrelated industries and manufacturing sectors. For this sector contribute efficiently, there is the implementation of good management, marketing, adequate returns to farmers and the better utilization of land available and provision of storage facilities. The failure of the country to adopt these innovative practices is accountable for the current food shortages, high prices, mass unemployment, under utilization of industrial result of this failure. Even though the nation progressed, the proportion of agricultural contribution to the gross domestic product becomes thinner because of the predominant peasant system of cultivation. The system is also characterized by the use of simple system is also characterized by the use of simple tools like fertilizers, chemicals and improved seeds are not widely used by most farmers.          

The poor performances of the agricultural sector to provide adequate food for the growing population declining, productivity of most export crops which has contributed to substantial reduction in foreign exchange earnings and the declining condition of farming to gross domestic product in real terms. The report of the food strategy mission estimated that in 1982, the supply and demand for all food crops was about 2.5 million metric tones and the projected gap for 1985 was about 4.7 million metric tones. The study group on food production provided more detailed estimate of gaps between projected demand and supply for various commodities. These are presented in table 1.1 below projected food supply and demand compared 000 metric tones.

Commodity

Projected DD 1985

Domestic production projected SS 1985

Gaps

Rice

1791

975

-816

Maize

2634

2374

-260

Cassava

13300

10000

-33000

Groundnut

560

300

-260

Palm Oil

1012

578

-434

Sugar

4,000

80

-3920

Bean

400

156

-244

Poultry for eggs

260

200

-60

Poultry for meat

250

126

-124

Fish

795

595

-200

Yam

848

535

-313

Source: Nigerian Agricultural Sector Report (1988, pg 28).

        As far as agriculture export are concerned, the data available shows that performance of the sub-sector is on the decline. The country has become a large importer of palm oil for which she was well noted as one of the worlds exporter in previous years.   

  1. OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY

The major objective of this study is to;

  1. Examine the impact of mechanized farming in Oredo Local Government Area.
  2. Identify problems facing agriculture in the development of Oredo Local Government Area.
  3. Propose solutions to minimize such problem.    
  4. HYPOTHESIS OF THE STUDY

Farming should be seen as the life were of economic development of any nation. Hence, our hypothesis for this study is stated as increased agricultural production influences economic development in Oredo Local Government and Nigeria at large. Also, we can state a null hypothesis as this increased agricultural production does not influence economic development in Oredo Local Government Area of Edo State.    

  1. NEED FOR THE STUDY

We all know that the coming of oil has created structural distortions and disturbance in the economy and that on the run, the wheel of their progress can only smooth when the economy is based on mechanized farming. Apart from the shift of interest as a result of oil well, other problems that account for the decline are conservative attitude of farmer’s poor marketing facilities in rural area etc.  to the best of my knowledge this areas has not been exhaustively researched upon hence this study seeks to bridge the gap.  

  1. METHODOLOGY

Primary and secondary data are used. These involve personal interview, observation and review of published materials in the form of journals, newspapers, handouts, reports and textbooks, for the purpose of gathering information for this work.

  1. SCOPE OF THE STUDY

The scope of this project cores the meaning, type of agriculture, impact of mechanized farming.

  1. STATEMENT OF  THE PROBLEM

In this study, the investigator is being guided by the following research questions.

  1. Do you carryout mechanization farming?
  2. Government intervention is needed in agricultural production in Oredo.
  3. Farmers have the modern method of farming?
  4. Financial institution give loan without collateral
  5. Purchase modern implement for farming.
  6. DEFINITION OF TERMS

Mechanized: Of or pertaining to operation using machinery

Agrarian: A person who advocated the political interests of working farmers.

Plantation: Large farm, estate area of land designated for agricultural growth of ten includes housing for the owner and workers.

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    Project Details

    Department Agriculture
    Project ID AGR0056
    Price N3000 ($14)
    CHAPTERS 5 Chapters
    No of Pages 44 Pages
    Methodology simple percentage
    Reference YES
    Format Microsoft Word