1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
The menace of drug abuse has eaten deep into the fabrics of our society, however, with effective counseling programmes, the problems can tackled through campaign against drugs abuse by government and other relevant authorities.
According to Journal of international substance Regulation, (2012) stated that the drug control counseling centres should be established in every community and qualified health counselors should be employed in helping drugs addicts by giving them special advice on how to go about the withdrawal system.
Drug abuse present multifarious problem which affects the individual, family and society at large, these effects are evident that the physical, psychological and social level of the individual and society is affected as a result of drugs abuse by the youth. An attempt to abstain would precipitate withdrawal symptoms such as the psychomotor, palpitation, sweating, insomnia, restlessness, increase wood pressure, transient hallucination or illusion, frustration, physical and psychological symptoms invariably person to go his drugs of the choice (Ahemba, 2009).
Drug abuse is a persistent or sporadic excessive drug use that is consistent which is unrelated and acceptable by medical practice, (Aduku, 2005).
Drug abuse, cultivation and trafficking of illicit drugs and psychoactive are no doubt a thorn in our flesh in Nigeria and world in general, it is an evil act in our society and disorientation among a majority of the youth.
It is a rapidly growing global problem and currently an issue of public health. The problem of drug abuse places a significant threat to the social, health, economic fabrics of the families, society and the entire nations. Almost every country in the world is affected from one or more drug being abused by its citizens (Giade, 2012).
According to United Nation Office on Drugs and crimes and World Health Organization (2016), estimate reports that 246 million people or 1 out 20 persons between the ages of 15 and 65 years have used an illicit/psychoactive substance in the year 2013. Traditionally drugs of abuse included alcohol, tobacco and caffeine in tea, coffee, cola drinks, and kola nuts, plant derived substances such as cocaine, heroin and cannabis.
More patients who are youths engaged in poly drug abuse, combining “traditional” drugs, prescription drugs, alcohol and new psychoactive substances, which has evidenced an even more dramatic picture of its consequences. Another trend is that of the increase in injecting drugs by youths, with heroine, pentazocine, cocaine, ketamine and methamphetamine reported as the mostly injected drugs among youths (Osuwa, 2015).
REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE
DATA ANALYSIS AND PRESENTATION
DISCUSSION OF FINDINGS, SUMMARY AND CONCLUSION