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THE IMPACT OF INCENTIVE (WELFARE SCHEME) ON THE PERFORMANCE OF WORKERS: A CASE STUDY OF NEPA PLC ENUGU, ENUGU STATE

  • Type:Project
  • Pages:101
  • Format:Microsoft Word
(Business Administration and Management Project Topics & Materials)
ABSTRACT

 Since the day of Abraham Maslow’s hierarchy of needs and Douglass Mcgregor’s hygiene factors, a lot of management intellectual have been carrying out research, and writing on good management of staff welfare schemes and ways of motivating workers and increasing productivity. but the good ideas suggested by these searchers (authors) have not been fully realized by the employee of out time in general and the good workers of NEPA Plc, Enugu Zone in particular.
 Although the colonial history of Nigeria there has been employer/employee unrest at different time due to financial s malfeasance, administrative malversation, neglect of and imposition of inhuman workers welfare scheme and consequent negative results on labour productivity.  The killing of many coal miners in Enugu in 1949  by the an autocratic white regime is a case to mention here, since then, many organized labour unions have sprung-up in many organizations and governments at different times at different parts of this country of fight for the right of workers, workers motivational incentives, and society. Responsibilities of employers of labour to the employees in particular, and society at large.
 It is against this background that this research work was conducted to investigate the problems militating against the full realization of the benefits of a good workers welfare scheme by the employees of NEPA Plc, Enugu Zone in particular. The method of data collection employed in this study was primary and secondary sources. Simple percentage was used in the analysis of data to generated in the course of this research.
 It is expected that this work would assist the corporate/business level strategic planners and mangers of NEPA Plc, Enugu zone in particular and those of other companies, industries, corporations and government in productivity as they are in constant search for practical approaches to the solution of the problems hindering improvement of NEPA performance (in supply of power) in the Enugu zone, and workers productivity in the economy.
 It is also hope that all the other employer of labour whose business are so small to be classified under the entrepreneurial code such as all small/medium scale enterprises vis-visa, those other bigger business discussed above which classed under the adaptative and planning code shall as well benefit motivate workers, provide workers participation in decision making process, and lead to eventual increase in labour productivity.
 
INTRODUCTION

 The administration of staff incentives scheme has now become a popular phenomenon of the total personnel policy of any organization. The scheme involves these extra benefits which may not necessarily be money, which emanate from the kind relationship of the employer to the employees, to supplement their usual wages, from time and which are at most times geared purposely towards the enhancement of workers performance in the organization.
 This scheme, is very important to both the organization and the employees, from the employer’s point of view, it is anticipated that a good staff employee incentive scheme will induce the employees to work hard and improve their general attitude toward the organization.  But for the employee, these benefit represent some additional right such as extra income, additional security or more desirable working conditions that should not require any additional effort.
 In business organizations, employers of labour have seen in staff welfare services the ability to invoke commitment and co-operation of the subordinates to contribute more to the achievement of the organizational goals and aspiration. This discovery has led many employers of labour to the introduction of well packaged welfare services, with the sincere belief that a good staff services will induce staff to work hard and improve the general staff morale.
 The situation remains relatively the same but for the difference in methods of payment and apparent change in emphasis. The appraisal of the staff welfare scheme are defined as “something of value apart from the agreed regular monetary payment of salaries and wages given to staff”. This will be used as the working definition for this research work.
 Staff welfare services exist in all culture and in all organization and had existed at all times. They take different shapes and forms and attracts different names.  In recognition of their worker need fulfillment functions, they are variously called “welfare services” “welfare benefits employees” “income” or simply “supplementary, compensation or “pay and non wage remuneration. As non taxable income and expenses, they are beginning to be called “indirect compensation and non tax benefit”.
 In the past, they used to be tiny bits and pieces of goodies that occasionally full from the high tables of paternalistic employer i.e when the top management play a fatherly role of the staff.
 It should be noted that for the company to achieve its objective her welfare service should be adequate, competitive and tailored towards the real need of the staff.  Staff are directly influenced by nature, quality and quality of welfare services offered because they compare themselves with their counterparts in other organizations.
 In this research work, workers do prefer increase in welfare services to increases in salaries especially during the period of inflation and rising prices, workers normally get frustrated and dissatisfied when welfare services are inadequate. But if the opposite condition prevails workers have been observed to be satisfied and more committed to give off their best to the achievement of the company’s objectives.
 Welfare scheme, is a kind of incentives given in cash or kind aimed at getting the best out of an employee or group of employees. Motivation aims at optimum performance of employees. Many factors have to do with characteristics of the individuals, different people are endorsed with different potentials, training, skills and receptions ability to change. Employees attitude and behaviour are also influenced by their remuneration and other incentive such as prestige, special allowance and retirement benefits. Conditions and environment of work also affect productivity.
 Incentive (welfare scheme) can also be a compensation package, reward for performance, staff prefer cash items such as salary, allowances, Christians bonus, or in non cash items such which we call fringe benefits such as giving the product of the organization to the workers, protective clothing, cars with or without driver.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Title Page           ii
Approval Page         iii
Dedication          iv
Acknowledgement         v 
Abstract          vii
Table of Contents         ix
CHAPTER ONE
1.0 Introduction         1
1.1 Background of the Study       1
1.2 Statement of the Problem       4
1.3 Purpose of the Study       6
1.4 Scope of the Study        7
1.5 Limitation of the Study       7
1.6 Significance of the Study       8
1.7 Definition of Terms       9
References          10
CHAPTER TWO 
2.1 Literature Review        11
2.2 Nature of Scope of Staff Welfare     13
2.3 Growth of Staff Welfare        13
2.4 Purpose of Staff Welfare Scheme     20
2.5 Categories of Staff Welfare Services/Types of Fringe Benefits 22
2.6 Disadvantages of Staff Welfare Provision    38
2.7 Summary of Literature Review      43
References         46
CHAPTER THREE    
3.1 Research Design and Methodology     48
3.2 Area of the Study        48
3.3 Population of the Study       49
3.4 Sample and Sampling Procedure/Technique    49
3.5 Instrument for Data Collection      50
3.6 Validation of the Instrument      52
3.7 Reliability of the Instrument      52
 References         55
CHAPTER FOUR
4.0 Data Presentation and Analysis      56
4.1 Introduction         56
4.2 Testing of Hypothesis       73
4.3 Summary of Result       78
CHAPTER FIVE
Discussions, Recommendation And Conclusions    80
5.1 Discussion of Result/Findings      80
5.2 Conclusion         82
5.3 Implication(s) of the Research Findings    84
5.4 Recommendations        85
5.5 Suggestions for Further Research     87
Bibliography         94
THE IMPACT OF INCENTIVE (WELFARE SCHEME) ON THE PERFORMANCE OF WORKERS: A CASE STUDY OF NEPA PLC ENUGU, ENUGU STATE

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Details

Type Project
Department Business Administration and Management
Project ID BAM2806
Price ₦3,000 ($9)
No of Pages 101 Pages
Format Microsoft Word

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    Details

    Type Project
    Department Business Administration and Management
    Project ID BAM2806
    Price ₦3,000 ($9)
    No of Pages 101 Pages
    Format Microsoft Word

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