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IMPACT OF CORPORATE GOVERNANCE ON FINANCIAL PERFORMANCE OF LISTED BANKS IN NIGERIA

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  • Pages:188
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(Accounting Project Topics & Materials)

ABSTRACT

 

This study examines the relationship between corporate governance and financial performance of randomly selected listed banks in
Nigeria. It investigates corporate governance variables and analyses whether they impact on firm performance as measured by return on asset (ROA) and profit margin (PM). Based on the review of existing literature, four corporate governance variables were selected namely: composition of board member, board size, CEO status and ownership concentration which served as the independent variables.
 This research examined the relationships that exist between governance mechanisms and financial performance in the Nigerian consolidated banks.And also to find out if there is any significant relationship between the level of corporate governance disclosure index among Nigerian banks and their performance. The Pearson Correlation and the regression analysis were used to find out whether there is a relationship between the corporate governance variables and firm‟s performance. In examining the level of corporate governance disclosures of the sampled banks, a disclosure index was developed guided by the CBN code of governance and also on the basis of the papers prepared by the UN secretariat for the nineteenth session of ISAR (International Standards of Accounting and Reporting). The study therefore observed that a negative but significant relationship exists between board size, board composition and the financial performance of these banks, while a
positive and significant relationship was also noticed between directors‟ equity interest, level of governance disclosure and performance. Furthermore, the t- test result indicated that while a significant difference was observed in the profitability of the healthy banks and the rescued banks, no difference was seen in the profitability of banks with foreign directors and that of banks without foreign directors. The study therefore concludes that there is no uniformity in the disclosure of corporate governance practices by the banks. Likewise, the banks do not disclose in general how their debts are performing, by providing a statement that expresses outstanding debts in terms of their ages and due dates. The study suggests that efforts to improve corporate governance should focus on the value of the stock ownership of board members. Also, steps should be taken for mandatory compliance with the code of corporate governance while an effective legal framework should be developed that specifies the rights and obligations of a bank, its directors, shareholders, specific disclosure requirements and provide for effective enforcement of the law.


TABLE OF CONTENT


Title Page……………………….. i

Declaration…………ii

Certification…………………iii

Dedication…………………iv

Acknowledgements……………v

Table of Content………………………… vi

List of Tables……………………………………. vii

List of Figures………………………………… viii

Appendices…………………………………ix

Acronyms and Definitions………………. x

Abstract…………………………………xi


CHAPTER ONE:


Introduction

Background to the Study………………..................... 1

Statement of Research Problem…………………….. 6

Objectives of Study…………………………. 10

1.3    Research Questions................................................... 11

1.4    Research Hypotheses........................................................... 12

Significance of the Study…………………………………………………………… 13

Justification of Study……………………………………………………………….. 14

Scope and limitation of Study………………………………………………………. 16

Summary of Research Methodology……………………………………………….. 17

Sources of Data ……………………………………………………………………. 18


CHAPTER TWO

Literature Review and Theoretical Framework

Introduction   ………………………………………………………………….…… 25

What is Corporate Governance?..........................................................26

Historical Overview of Corporate Governance …………………………..…………28

Corporate Governance and Banks…………………………………………………... 30

Elements of Corporate Governance in Banks ……………………………...………. 34

Regulation and Supervision as Elements of Corporate

Governance in banks……………………………………………….. 36

Corporate Governance Mechanisms………………………………..………………. 41

Shareholders……………...…………………………………….42

Debt Holders………………………………………………………….43

Linkage between Corporate Governance and Firm Performance Practices………..46

The Role of Internal Corporate Governance Mechanisms in Organisational Performance………………………………………………………………. 59

Role of Auditor……………………………………………………… 72

Role of the Board of Directors…………………………………….... 87

Role of Chief Executive Officer…………………………………….. 120

CHAPTER THREE:

Research Methods





Introduction……………………………………….…………………………………

137





 





Research

Design…………………………………………………..………………… 137





 





Study

Population………………………………………………………………..….. 139





Sample

and Sampling Method………………………………………….………….. 139





Data

Gathering Method……………………………………………………..……… 140

Research

Instruments……………………………….……………..... 

Method

of Data Presentation………..………………………………. 141





 





Model

Specification…………………………………………………………………. 141





 





Data

Analysis Method……………………………………………………………….

Content

Analysis……………………………………………………. 147





  





CHAPTER FOUR:

Data Analysis and Result Presentation





 





4.0          

Introduction………………………………………………….……………………..  151





 





4.1    Data Presentation and Analysis.................................................................................... 152





 





4.2          

Data

Analysis (Preliminary)……………………………………………………......  164





 





4.3:   Data Analysis- Advance (Inferential

Analyses)........................................................... 166





4.3.1   Pearson‟s Correlation Coefficient Analysis............................................................... 166





4.3.2       

Regression

Analysis ………………………………………………  170





 





4.4          

Hypotheses

Testing……………………………………………..………………….. 173 


CHAPTER FIVE:

Summary of Findings, Conclusion and Recommendations





 





5.0       Introduction.................................................................................................................186





 





5.1             

Summary

of Work Done………………………..…………………………………. 186





 





5.2             

Summary

of Findings………………………………………………………………. 188





 





5.2.1       

Theoretical

Findings……………………………………………….. 188





 





5.2.2   Empirical Findings............................................................................ 191





 





5.3       Conclusion................................................................................................................ 196





 





5.4             

Recommendations…………………………………………………………………..

197





 





5.5             

Contribution

to Knowledge………………………………………………….…….. 199





 





Suggestions

for Further Studies............................................................................................ 199





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IMPACT OF CORPORATE GOVERNANCE ON FINANCIAL PERFORMANCE OF LISTED BANKS IN NIGERIA

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Details

Type Project
Department Accounting
Project ID ACC2754
Price ₦3,000 ($9)
No of Pages 188 Pages
Format Microsoft Word

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    Details

    Type Project
    Department Accounting
    Project ID ACC2754
    Price ₦3,000 ($9)
    No of Pages 188 Pages
    Format Microsoft Word

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