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Determinants of Tax Compliance Among Smes in Edo State

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  • Pages:78
  • Format:Microsoft Word
(Accounting Project Topics & Materials)
ABSTRACT
This research study provides empirical evidence on the determinants of tax compliance of SMEs. Using the survey research design, questionnaires were distributed to 100 firms cutting several sectors of the economy. Responses from 92 respondents from the management cadre of the firms were analysed with simple percentage analysis, correlation and multiple regression analysis using the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences 20.0. Preliminary analysis with simple percentage analysis confirms that tax compliance by SMEs is low. Correlation analysis show tax compliance of SMEs have significant positive relationship with financial viability and profitability of SMEs, financial literacy and exposure of SMEs owners/managers, perceived fairness of tax system, and government accountability, but an insignificant negative relationship with probability of detection and degree of punishment. Also, the correlation analysis has the most significant positive relationship with financial literacy and exposure of SMEs owners/managers. Multiple regression analysis show that financial viability and profitability of SMEs, financial literacy and exposure of SMEs owners/managers, perceived fairness of tax system, and government accountability have significant positive impacts on tax compliance of SMEs. Probability of detection and degree of punishment was shown to have a positive but insignificant impact on tax compliance of SMEs. Also, the multiple regression analysis show that financial viability and profitability of SMEs has the most significant positive impact on tax compliance of SMEs. Thus, it was recommended that loan accessibility should be increased for SMEs as well as bookkeeping made mandatory for SMEs, so as to improve the financial viability and performance of SMEs. Also, financial literacy programs targeted at SMEs should be developed.


TABLE OF CONTENTS

CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTIONS                                         6
1.1 Background of the Study                                                  6
1.2 Statement of the Research Problem                                         7
1.3 Research Objectives                                                9
1.4 Research Hypotheses                                                       10
1.5 Significance of the Study                                                10
1.6 Scope of the Study                                                       11
1.7 Limitations of the Study                                                12
1.8 Definition of Terms                                                    12

CHAPTER TWO: LITERATURE REVIEW                                  13
2.0 Introduction                                                       13
2.1 Conceptual Clarification                                                13
2.1.1 Defining Small and Medium Scale Enterprises (SMEs)                     13
2.1.2 Defining Tax Compliance                                         15
2.2 Tax Compliance of SMEs                                                16
2.3 Determinants of Tax Compliance of SMEs                                  18
2.3.1 Financial Viability And Profitability and Tax Compliance of SMEs       19
2.3.2 Financial Literacy and Exposure of SMEs Owners/Managers 
and Their Tax Compliance                                                        20
2.3.3 Probability of Detection and Degree of Punishment for Tax Non-Compliance and Tax Compliance of SMEs                                                        21
2.3.4 Perceived Fairness of Tax Rates and Tax Legislations and
Tax Compliance of SMEs                                                        22
2.3.5 Government Accountability and Tax Compliance of SMEs               23
2.4 Empirical Literature                                                 24
2.4.1 SMEs Specific Studies                                                 26
2.5 Empirical Framework                                                 28
2.6 Summary                                                               29

CHAPTER THREE: RESEARCH METHODOLOGY                              31
3.1 Introduction                                                         31
3.2 Research Design                                                         31
3.3 Study Population                                                         31
3.4 Study Sample and Sampling Technique                                    32
3.5 Data for the Study                                                         32
3.6 Instrumentation: Questionnaires                                           32
3.7 Method of Data Analysis                                                  33

CHAPTER FOUR: PRESENTATION OF RESULTS AND ANALYSIS                34
4.1 Introduction                                                         34
4.2 Demographic Details, Firm Data and Tax Compliance of SMEs                34
4.2.2 Firm Data Analysis                                                  36
4.2.3 Preliminary Analysis: Tax Compliance of SMEs                       37
4.3 Empirical Analysis: Correlation and Multiple Regression Analysis                39
4.3.1 Correlation Analysis                                            39
4.3.2 Multiple Regression Analysis                                            41
4.4 Test of Research Hypotheses                                                   43
4.5 Discussion of Results                                                   44

CHAPTER FIVE: SUMMARY, POLICY RECOMMENDATION AND CONCLUSION         47
5.1 Introduction                                                          47
5.2 Summary of Findings                                                   47
5.3 Policy Recommendations                                                   48
5.4 Conclusion                                                                 49
Bibliography                                                          51
Appendix I: Questionnaire                                                   57
Appendix II: SPSS Results                                                   60

Determinants of Tax Compliance Among Smes in Edo State

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Details

Type Project
Department Accounting
Project ID ACC2691
Price ₦3,000 ($9)
No of Pages 78 Pages
Format Microsoft Word

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    Details

    Type Project
    Department Accounting
    Project ID ACC2691
    Price ₦3,000 ($9)
    No of Pages 78 Pages
    Format Microsoft Word

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