+234 813 0686 500
+234 809 3423 853
info@grossarchive.com

THE PUBLIC HEALTH RISK OF PATHOGENIC BACTERIOLOGICAL CONTAMINATION OF WATER IN THE KAFUBU RIVER

  • Type:Project
  • Pages:68
  • Format:Microsoft Word
(Disaster Studies Project Topics & Materials)

ABSTRACT

This research assessed the public health risk of bacteriological water contamination of the Kafubu River in Zambia against the backdrop of limited research on the ambient surface water quality of the river that is flowing in a catchment area characterised by high human activity. Human activity, particularly sewer effluent disposal, is continually loading the river with bacteria that could pose adverse health risks to the public. The study was based on a systematic sampling design by which geo-referenced sampling points were selected at 500 m intervals along the section of the river where the intensity of human activity was very high. Grab water samples were then collected in the months of October and November, 2017 and were analyzed for the bacteriological concentrations of total coliforms, faecal coliforms and Escherichia coli known to have a bearing on public health. Using exploratory data analysis to generate descriptive statistics, followed by single-factor analysis against the threshold for the ambient water quality of rivers, it was found that the bacteriological concentrations of total coliforms (2,497-17, 101cfu/100ml), faecal coliforms (925 - 13,083 cfu/100ml) and Escherichia coli (27 – 4,302 cfu/100ml) indicated that the ambient water quality of the Kafubu River was impaired. Geo-statistical modeling further showed that the bacteriological concentrations were spatially concentrated around the sewer effluent discharge points along the river. This water pollution scenario could then be attributed to ineffective wastewater treatment at the sewerage plants within the river catchment. The study concludes that there is a public health risk of water-borne disease in direct use of raw water from the Kafubu River on account of the significantly high bacteriological water contamination, and it is recommended as such that best management practices for sewer effluent disposal into the river should be enforced, and further research is required to model water pollution at varying time scales across the river continuum.

THE PUBLIC HEALTH RISK OF PATHOGENIC BACTERIOLOGICAL CONTAMINATION OF WATER IN THE KAFUBU RIVER

Share This

Details

Type Project
Department Disaster Studies
Project ID DIS0005
Price ₦3,000 ($9)
No of Pages 68 Pages
Format Microsoft Word

500
Leave a comment...

    Details

    Type Project
    Department Disaster Studies
    Project ID DIS0005
    Price ₦3,000 ($9)
    No of Pages 68 Pages
    Format Microsoft Word

    Related Works

    Abstract The determination of heavy metal composition of onu-asata well water has been carried out using standard analytical procedure. This result of the heavy metal determination of Onu-asata well water revealed that the concentration of lead in the water is 2.2mg/L, iron (5.3mg/L), Zinc (2.1mg/L), Copper... Continue Reading
    ABSTRACT Water is one of the indispensable resources for the continued existence of all living things including man. The provision of an adequate supply of safe drinking water was one of the eight components of primary health care identified by the International Conference on Primary Health care in 1978. This study investigated the bacteriological... Continue Reading
    ABSTRACT An investigative study was carried out to determine the bacteriological qualities of borehole water samples in halls of residence in the University of Benin, Ugbowo Benin City. A total of five water samples were collected from the the various halls of residence in the school. Bacteriological analysis was carried out using standard... Continue Reading
    ABSTRACT  The bacteriological examination of bottled and sachet water in Enugu metropolis, a case study of Aqua Rapha in 9th mile, Enugu was carried out to determine the bacterial load in the water samples and organisms that contaminates the water. The water samples were spring water, well water and surface tank reservoir of rain water from... Continue Reading
    CHAPTER ONE 1.0    INTRODUCTION Water is indispensable and intricately connected to life, without which there is no life. This is the reason for which water must be given the necessary attention at all times. Good drinking water is not a luxury; it is one of the most essential amenities of life itself. The supply of safe drinking water to all... Continue Reading
    ABSTRACT Samples of well water were collected from four (4) different wells  located in different parts of New Haven in Enugu urban area, for  bacteriological analysis. Total bacterial counts, using pour plate  method were carried out. Nutrient agar plates were used for  general bacterial count, while MacConkey agar plates were used  for... Continue Reading
    A great number and diversity of animal species are capable of parasitizing fish, ranging from microscopic protozoan to grossly visible crustaceans and annelids. In the wild fish, there is large range of parasites but they are usually only present in small numbers, they can be considered a normal finding and rarely cause disease problems (FAO,... Continue Reading
    Abstract Water is colourless, tasteless, and odorless substance that is essential to all form of life. (The Anglo-Saxon and low German Word, Water (1993). According shittu etal, (2008) water is vital to our existence in life and its importance in our daily life makes it imperative that through microbiological and physiochemical examination be... Continue Reading
    ABSTRACT Diabetes is a chronic disease that leads to high morbidity and mortality resulting from the complications that develop during its clinical course. Genitourinary complications being one of the complications of diabetes occur when the genital and urinary organs no longer function properly. This study aimed at determing risk factors of... Continue Reading
    ABSTRACT This project work was undertaken to assess the state of ground water(borehole and well water) and its health implications in Warri metropolis using Uvwie, Udu and Effurun Local Government Area. Samples were collected in six different locations in Warri metropolis. The analysis was centered on the physiochemical parameters considered pH,... Continue Reading