+234 813 0686 500
+234 809 3423 853
info@grossarchive.com

AN INVESTIGATION INTO THE EFFECTIVENESS OF FIELD WORK IN THE TEACHING AND LEARNING OF GEOGRAPHY IN NIGERIA SECONDARY SCHOOLS

  • Type:Project
  • Chapters:5
  • Pages:50
  • Methodology:Simple Percentage
  • Reference:YES
  • Format:Microsoft Word
(Education Project Topics & Materials)

ABSTRACT

    This study examines the effectiveness of fieldwork in the teaching and learning of geography in secondary schools in Ondo West Local Government Area of Ondo State. This study was carried out in 10 secondary schools in the study area: one hundred and twenty Students and ten teachers were used as the sampling size of the study. Questionnaire method was used to gather data: The study also examines the attitude of students and teachers towards fieldwork and examined whether fieldwork as a component of geography is a regular exercise in secondary school or not. Findings show that fieldwork is important in the teaching and learning of geography, this is because it simplifies learning and gives students sound knowledge of natural and human phenomena. However, fieldwork is constrained by many factors such as economic, political and social factors. Recommendation were made that schools and teachers should be encourage to go on fieldwork, that fund should be provided by government, school and parents in other to embark on successful fieldwork exercise. 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

CHAPERONE:

1.1 Introduction

1.2 BackgroundtotheStudy

1.3 StatementoftheProblem

1.4 AimsandObjectives

1.5 SignificanceoftheStudy

1.6 ResearchQuestions

1.7 ScopeoftheStudy

1.8 DefinitionofTerms

CHAPERTWO:

2.1.1LiteratureReview

2.2 HistoryandDevelopmentoffieldwork

2.3 StructureoffieldLearningExperience

2.4 ThePrincipleofFieldworkinGeography

2.4.1ThePrincipleofActiveParticipation(Activity)

2.4.2ThePrincipleofObservationandPerception

2.4.3ThePrincipleofEnvironmentalTeaching

2.5 FieldworkandDevelopmentofBasicSkils

2.6 FieldworkandDevelopmentofAfectiveBehaviour

2.7 FieldworkandDevelopmentofPerceptualAwareness 

2.8 TheValueofFieldwork

2.9 ConstrainttotheuseofFieldworkasaTeachingMethod

CHAPERTHREE

3.1 ResearchMethodology

3.2 ResearchDesign

3.3 SampleSizeoftheStudy

3.4 SampleandSamplingProcedure

3.5 InstrumentforDataColection

3.6 ValidityofInstrument

3.7 AdministrationoftheInstrument

3.8 DataAnalysis

CHAPERFOUR:DATAPRESENTATIONANDDISCUSSIONOFFINDINGS

4.1 Introduction

4.2 DemographicDataoftheRespondents

4.3 SummaryofFinding

CHAPERFIVE:SUMMARY,CONCLUSIONANDRECOMMENDATIONS

5.1 Summary

5.2 Conclusion

5.3 Recommendation

References

AppendixI

AppendixI

CHAPTER ONE

1.1 INTRODUCTION

Geography as asocial science has to do with the relationships between man and his environment. This implies that geography is not an abstract subject; it deals with what can be seen, felt and experimented. It also deals with the inter action of man with his social, physical, natural and human environment.

Historically,geographyhadcomeundersomanydivisionsbasedondifferentschoolofthoughtandgeographers.However,followingimprovementsonworks in the 15th century,geographerandnaturalistBernhardVerneussuggestedthatgeographybedividedintothreeseparatebranches:thefirstdealswithformsanddimensionsoftheearth,thesecondrelatestotides,climates,seasonsandothervariablesthatdependsonrelativespositionoftheearthintheuniverse,and the  third deals with comparative studies of particular regions of the globe. New or modern aspects of geography are Geographic Information System(GIS) and Remote Sensing.

1.2 background to the study

Everysciencesubjecthasitslaboratorywhereitcarriesoutobservationbyitsspecializedmethodandwhereitcollects‘factual’informationaboutthecharacteristicsofphenomenawhichitstudies-the laboratory also is where the subject or entire discipline ever ifies its conclusion for neither validation nor rejection of its guiding hypothesis or theories. The laboratory of geography is the field. And this is

Why field study is crucial to learning geography. Atthemacro-level,geographicfieldcoincideswiththeplanetitselftogetherwithitscomponents.Atthemoremanageablelevelthefieldofgeographicalstudyisanysub-unitofthemacro-erritorycomplexwhichadequatelyservesascontrol areafortheproblembeinginvestigated.Itisthefieldthatprovidestheprimary or first-hand data for geographical studies.

“Field working geography is a planned and guided tour of a given place, to observe, measure, inquire and collect information about some phenomena and arrive  at a meaningful description, comparisons, relationship and inferences ”Areola (1978:91). It involves a close examination and analysis in the field of a place of a country, showing one or more aspect of area differentiation.

Rogers and Vilies (1994:182) defined field work as any teaching exercise outside the classroom. It involve students learning and outside the classroom by observing, questioning, planning, collecting, recording, evaluating, representing, analyzing, concluding, communicating, reflecting and responding.

Field work is fundamental to the study of geography because it makes the subject come alive, promote enthusiasm and motivate students. Geography teachers who participate in field work exercise make teacher and students engage in and develop a deep understanding of geographical process and enquiry. Field work makes teaching effective and understanding of geography easy especially in secondary schools.


Gold and Jenkins (1991:21) regards field work as a vital instrument for understanding our world through direct experience. They also see it as a basis for gathering basic data about the world and as a fundamental method acquiring 

Geography education.

Field work also facilitates the collection of local level information that is not available through secondary source. Field work also help to understand theoretical concept better, it help to develop an understanding of the culture and the people of field area. Field work is enjoyable and gives student a great memorable experience.

It also provides an avenue for the development of an enquiring mind.

1.3 statement of the problem

The research work is carried out to conduct a survey on the effective use of field work as a teaching method in the teaching and learning of geography in Nigeria using some selected secondary schools in Ondo West Local Government Area as a

Case study.

Students are losing interest in studying geography as a discipline. This trend has been attributed to several reasons but most important are inadequate teaching  aids, wide scope and poor teaching. This could be arrested if teachers embrace field work in teaching and learning of geography.

1.4 Aim and Objective

The aim of this study is to investigate the effectiveness of field work as a teaching method in teaching and learning of geography in Ondo West Local Government Area. To achieve this, the specific objective to be pursued includes;

1. Examine the attitude of students and teachers towards field work

2. To establish whether field work as a component of geography is implemented in secondary schools or not

3. To investigate the procedures followed by teachers when undertaking fieldwork

4. Identify the importance attached to field work in secondary schools

5. Determine the problems associated with field work.

1.5 Significance of the Study

The findings of this study will be of great importance to teachers and students on the effectiveness of field work as at each in method in geography. It will also help teachers to know how field work is used to teach some topics effectively.

The study also investigates the view of teachers and students towards the use of field work in geography education in secondary schools. It will expose researchers to the immense advantages of using field work method. The study will expose teachers to the effective and efficient teaching of some difficult concepts in geography.

Finally, the study reviews the development and current position of field work in geography in secondary schools in Ondo West Local Government Area of Ondo State.

1.6 Research Questions

The researcher makes the following statements /questions to carry out the investigation and findings.

1. What are the attitude of teachers and students towards fieldwork?

2. Is fieldwork as component of geography implemented in secondary schools or not?

3. What are the procedures followed by teachers when undertaking a fieldwork?

4. Are school administrators showing enough support during fieldworks?

5. Are parents showing enough support for fieldwork exercise?

1.7 Scope of the Study

This study covers ten selected secondary schools in Ondo West Local Government Area. It focuses on the effectiveness of fieldwork as a teaching method in teaching and learning of geography in Ondo West Local Government Area of Ondo state.

1.8 Definition of Terms

1.  FIELD: This is defined as any place where supervised learning can take place via first-hand experience, outside the constraints of the four walls of the classroom settings

2. FIELDWORK: Research or study that is done outside the classroom or laboratory especially by students to observe and study something and its location 

3. LEARNING: The act of gaining knowledge from reading or teaching

4. TEACHING METHOD: This is the strategies or approaches teachers use to achieve the desire objective.

5. ENTHUSIASM: A strong feeling of excitement and interest in something and a desire to be involved in it.


AN INVESTIGATION INTO THE EFFECTIVENESS OF FIELD WORK IN THE TEACHING AND LEARNING OF GEOGRAPHY IN NIGERIA SECONDARY SCHOOLS

Share This

Details

Type Project
Department Education
Project ID EDU2214
Price ₦3,000 ($9)
Chapters 5 Chapters
No of Pages 50 Pages
Methodology Simple Percentage
Reference YES
Format Microsoft Word

500
Leave a comment...

    Details

    Type Project
    Department Education
    Project ID EDU2214
    Price ₦3,000 ($9)
    Chapters 5 Chapters
    No of Pages 50 Pages
    Methodology Simple Percentage
    Reference YES
    Format Microsoft Word

    Related Works

    Abstract This research work investigated the role of field work in teaching and learning of geography in Niger Delta College of Education Warri. The persistent decline in field work, lecturer’s effectiveness, academic performance and attitude of students as well as mass failures in... Continue Reading
    ABSTRACT This project work focus on the attitude of students towards the teaching and learning of geography. A case study of some selected secondary school in Ethiope East... Continue Reading
    AN INVESTIGATION INTO THE UTILIZATION OF MULTIMEDIA IN TEACHING AND LEARNING OF CERAMIC IN JUNIORSECONDARYSCHOOLS IN OSUN STATES CHAPTER ONE 1.1.       Background to the Study             Multimedia is a term frequently heard and discussed among educational technologists today. Unless clearly defined, the term can alternatively... Continue Reading
    (A CASE STUDY OF GWAGWALADA AREA COUNCIL) CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY The basic objective or goal of teaching at any level of education is to bring a fundamental change on the learner (Tebabal... Continue Reading
    Abstract The research provides an appraisal of the factors affecting the use of field trip in teaching and learning of biology in secondary school. It provides an analysis of the nature of field trip in teaching and learning and its significance. The... Continue Reading
    FACTORS AFFECTING THE USE OF FIELD TRIP IN TEACHING AND LEARNING OF BIOLOGY IN SECONDARY SCHOOL Abstract The research provides an appraisal of the factors affecting the use of field trip in teaching and learning of biology in secondary school. It provides an analysis of the nature of field trip in teaching and learning and its significance. The... Continue Reading
    CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1  BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY The word geography is coined from two Greek words 'Geo' meaning earth and 'grapghy' meaning to describe. Therefore, geography can also be defined as description of the earth. Geography (from Greek γεωγραφία, geographia, literally... Continue Reading
    : A CASE STUDY OF SOME SELECTED SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN ETHIOPE EAST LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF DELTA STATE. ABSTRACT           This project work focus on the attitude of students towards the teaching and learning of geography. A case study of some selected secondary school... Continue Reading
    ABSTRACT The study aimed at examining the effects of economics instructional materials on the learning and teaching of economics as well the effects of these instructional materials on the academic performance of some secondary school... Continue Reading
    CHAPTER ONE 1.1       BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY The uses of instructional materials in the processes of effective teaching and learning cannot be over emphasized. According to Ibe (1998) an instructional materials is an object or means of communication process that stores and distributes human experience or knowledge. Therefore the totality of... Continue Reading