This research is set out to thoroughly assess the role of active citizenship in crime prevention in Nigeria, using Tarka Local Government as a case study. The major objectives of the study include an assessment of the role of active citizenship in crime prevention. It also aimed at identifying the causes of crime, the impact of crime in socio-economic development of the society, to explain the mechanisms of crime control in Nigeria as well suggest possible ways of addressing criminal activities in Nigeria. The study employed descriptive survey design and data was collected using questionnaire method. Questionnaires were distributed to a total sample of (150) respondent which were selected for the study using simple random sampling technique. The finding show that, the citizens play active roles in ensuring crime prevention in Nigeria, most especially in Tarka local Government despite this, much still need to be done. It is therefore, recommended that the Government should equipped the formal security agencies to ensure effective prevention of crime. More so, the informal sector of crime prevention and control should collaborate with the formal security agencies to ensure effectives and efficiency in crime prevention and control. In addition, the spirit of patriotism should be instilled through orientation exercise so that every citizen should be on watch out for one another.