The purpose of this study is to find out the impact of exclusive breast feeding among infants (A case study of the Lagos State University Teaching Hospital- Ayinke House, Ikeja).The study comprises of Doctors, Nurses, and Health Workers and Nursing mothers. A total number of fifty questionnaires were distributed among the selected people. The result of these findings were presented and analyzed. Percentages was used for the analysis, result showed that exclusive breast feeding are practiced more by the educated mothers. Thus the need for health education becomes most paramount. This project is therefore written for the health practitioners. This research project goes further in this chapter to shed more light on the importance and benefit of exclusive breast feeding.
1.1 Problem Identification
1.2 Statement of the Problem
1.3 Aim of the Study
1.4 Significance of the Study
1.5 Research Question
1.6 Limitation of the Study
1.7 Definition of Terms
2.0 Literature Review
2.1 Definition of Breast Feeding
2.2 The role of Breast Feeding in Primary Health Care
2.3 The role of Fathers in Breast Feeding
2.4 Psychological and Sociological Effect of Breast Feeding on a child
2.5 Group of Mother with Special Attention in Breast Feeding
2.6 Benefits of Breast Feeding
3.0 Research Methodology
3.1 Research Design
3.2 Samples and Sampling Techniques
3.3 Research Instruments
3.4 Validation of the Instruments
3.5 Procedure of data Collection and measurement of the Instrument
3.6 Data Analysis Statistical Tools
4.0 Data Analysis
4.1 Data Presentation and Analysis
4.2 Attitude to Exclusive Breast Feeding
4.3 Discussion of Finding
5.0 CONCLUSION, RECCOMENDATION AND SUMMARY
Breast feeding is widely termed as baby friendly. This is made obvious with the recent attention and campaign given to breast feeding by the National and international Government and Non-Governmental Organization, physicians and Nutritionists have turned to town criers overnight in the course of letting others be aware of how best to feed babies through exclusive breastfeeding. A huge amount is being invested on the programmed by international Organizations like United Nations Development Programmed (UNDP), United Nations International Children Education Fund (UNICEF), and World Health Organization (WHO) and so on.
To the populace, breast feeding is the ‘NATURAL’ way of feeding infants and not because they understand that it does a lot of good to the child and the mother.
However, it is for the immunity of the baby that also laid the foundation for psychological development. The breast milk is generally acceptable to have a temporary immunity on the child. The first milk that is secreted for the first few days after births is called “colostrum”. The Colostrum’s act as antibodies, which fights impending diseases or bacteria and virus alike because it is so rich in vitamins and amino acids.
In developing countries, the child has fair chances of survival if he continues to receive breast milk throughout most of the second year of his life, however, one that is not breast fed, is likely to die from infections, diarrhea and marasmus according to information published by the World Health Organization (WHO) in 1996.
1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
Study has shown that infant mortality rate has been found to be rampant among children who were not well breast fed in their first two years of life.
Available statistics from WHO indicates that 70% of infant mortality rate that was recorded worldwide annually, of this figure, Africa is the highest with 40% of total figure. It is on this note that a research was decided upon to find out how the health institution in Nigeria fair in issues related to infant mortality and development as may be affected by breast feeding using Lagos State University Teaching Hospital (LASUTH).
Inadequate feeding results in serious disease conditions like marasmus, kwashiorkor and other dietary or related problem, thus the need for a naturally prepared formula that is “breast milk”. Apart from man-made, infant formulas are examined in order to identify a better psychological development of the baby.
1.3 AIM OF THE STUDY
The study is purposed to examine the impact of breast feeding in infants. On this note, Lagos State University Teaching Hospital (LASUTH) has been chosen as a case study for the respondent in this project are the Doctors, Nutritionist, Nurses, mothers and Health Workers.
The assessment is based on the infant this, in the study of “baby friendly/exclusive breast feeding”.
1.4 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
i. Evaluate the need for exclusive breast.
ii. Recognize the effort of health care providers in policy and strategy implementation of exclusive breast feeding.
iii. Recognize factors affecting exclusive breast feeding/baby friendly.
1.5 RESEARCH QUESTIONS
i. Is breast feeding the best food for babies?
ii. How practicable is exclusive breast feeding for the first six months of life?
iii. Does adequate educations of mothers makes them have positive attitude towards exclusive breast feeding?
iv. What are psychological factors affecting breast feeding?
v. Does breast milk reduce risk of childhood diseases?
1.6 LIMITATION OF THE STUDY
Lack of cooperation on the pan of the respondents, time, and financial sources was some of the constraints faced in the course of the study.
1.7 DEFINITION OF TERMS
BREAST: Is a secretary gland which is compared mainly of glandular tissues.
BREAST FEEDING: Is an act of feeding a child with breast milk and it starts at birth.
EXCLUSIVE BREAST FEEDING: Giving only breast milk to babies for the first six months of life.
NATURAL: Made by nature and not man made.
COLOSTRUM: The first yellowish substance that comes out of the breast after birth.
UNDP: United Nations Development Programmed.
UNICEF: United Nations International Children Education Fund.
WHO: World Health Organization.
INFANT FORMULAR: Another name given to artificial breast feeding e.g cow milk.
PROLATIN: Is a hormone that stimulates the milk gland in the breast to produce breast milk.
XYTOCIN: Is a hormone that causes the contraction and release of milk into the baby’s mouth.
THE IMPACT OF EXCLUSIVE BREAST FEEDING AMONG INFANTS (CASE STUDY OF LASUTH, AYINKE HOUSE IKEJA)