+234 813 0686 500
+234 809 3423 853
info@grossarchive.com

Women’s Perception Of Transvaginal Sonography At Image Diagnostics, Portharcourt

  • Type:Project
  • Pages:58
  • Format:Microsoft Word
(Medical Radiography And Radiological Sciences Project Topics & Materials)
ABSTRACT
Transvaginal sonography is a later addition to the diagnostic techniques available for the evaluation of the female pelvis and can overcome many of the limitations of traditional transabdominal scanning. Transvaginal sonography involves the placement of the probe within the vagina. This is uncomfortable for most women especially in this part of the world where ethical issues are now a challenge. This may reduce the practicability of transvaginal sonography. There is also reluctance in adopting this technique as a routine ultrasound investigation in our locality. The purpose of this study was to assess women’s views of transvaginal sonography; to assess the acceptability to women of transvaginal ultrasound scans; and to investigate any correlation between their educational background and their perception of the procedure. The sample size used in this study was 86 women. A convenience sampling technique was used in the study. The study utilized questionnaire as a source of data collection. Results showed that a greater percentage of the women studied have favourable views of transvaginal sonography; majority of women accept transvaginal sonography and would undergo the procedure again if it was recommended by their doctor; and that women’s perception of transvaginal sonography is not dependent on their educational background. The findings suggest that ultrasound practitioners should be educated on the advantages of transvaginal sonography so they could equip themselves and refer eligible patients for the procedure, thereby improving its practicability; more sonographers (especially females) should be trained in the use of the transvaginal probe.

LIST OT TABLES
Table 1: Distribution of age, marital status and educational background of the respondents.
Table 2: Responses on reason for undergoing scan.
Table 3: Response of women regarding prior knowledge and experience of the scan.
Table 4: Women’s response on information provided before the scan.
Table 5: Women’s views of transvaginal sonography.
Table 6: Preference of female sonographers over male.
Table 7: Response regarding acceptability of transvaginal sonography.
Table 8: Correlation of educational background and perception of pain, comfort, embarrassment and stress.

LIST OF FIGURES
Fig.1: Female Pelvic Anatomy

TABLE OF CONTENTS
Title page -- - - - - -- - - - i
Dedication - - - - - - - - - ii
Approval page - - - - - - - - iii
Certification - - - - - - - - - iv
Acknowledgement - - - - - - - - v
List to tables - - - - - - - - vi
List of figures - - - - - - - - vii
Abstract                 -         -         -         - - - - - viii
Table of contents   -         -         -         -         -         -         -         -         ix

CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION
1.1 Background of Study - - - - - - - 1
1.2 Statement of Problem - - - - - - - 2
1.3 Purpose of Study - - - - - - - 4
1.4 Significance of Study - - - - - - - 4
1.5 Scope of Study - - - - - - - - 5
1.6 Operational Definition of Terms - - - - - 5

CHAPTER TWO: LITERATURE REVIEW
2.1 Literature Review - - - - - - - 7
2.1.1 Women’s Views of Transvaginal Sonography - - 7
2.1.2 Women’s Acceptability of Transvaginal Sonography - 8
2.2 Theoretical Basis of Research - - - - - 16
2.2.1 Anatomy of Female Pelvic Area - - - - 16
2.2.2 Anatomy of the Female Pelvis in Transvaginal Sonography 17
2.2.3 Piezoelectric Transducers - - - - - 20
2.2.4 Examination technique - - - - - - 22
2.2.5 Precautionary measures - - - - - - 23
2.2.6 Applications of transvaginal sonography - - - 24

CHAPTER THREE: RESEARCH METHODOLOGY
3.1 Research Design - - - - - - - 26
3.2 Sample Population and Sample Size - - - - 26
3.3 Sampling Technique - - - - - - - 27
3.4 Instrument for Data Collection - - - - - 27
3.5 Method of Data Collection - - - - - - 28
3.6 Methods of Data Analysis - - - - - - 28

CHAPTER FOUR: RESULTS
4.1 Data Presentation - - - - - - - 29

CHAPTER FIVE: DISCUSSION, CONCLUSION, AND RECOMMENDATIONS
5.1 Discussion and Implications of Results - - - - 35
5.1.1 Background Characteristics of the Respondents - - 35
5.1.2 Objective 1 (Women’s views of transvaginal sonography) - 35
5.1.3 Objective 2 (Acceptability to women of 
transvaginal ultrasound scans) -- - -- - - 36
5.1.4 Objective 3 (Correlation of educational background 
and perception of TVS) - - - - - - 37
5.2 Conclusion - - - - - - - - 37
5.3 Recommendations - - - - - - - 38
5.4 Limitations of the Study - - - - - - 39
5.5 Areas of Further Research - - - - - - 39
References
Appendix 1
Appendix 2

INTRODUCTION
Perception means ability to understand, see, believe and feel something. The main source of human attitude lies in the perceptions, awareness and life experiences of the individual.  This strengthens the long-standing emphasis on using reason and facts as the basis for voluntary and purposeful change of behaviour in oneself or in the other. If we discover the perceptions operating in a community, the next task is to establish their relative effect in the population under study1.
Transvaginal sonography is a later addition to the diagnostic techniques available for the evaluation of the female pelvis. To date, it’s most frequent use has been in the evaluation of ovulation2 and in oocyte recovery in infertile patients3. Transvaginal sonography is performed with a high frequency transducer placed in the vagina where it is in close anatomic proximity to pelvic structures. The procedure overcomes difficulties in imaging obese patients, those with a large amount of bowel gas, and those with inadequate bladder filling.
Transabdominal sonography conventionally has been one of the best methods for evaluating the female pelvis. However, the necessity of traversing the abdominal wall and subcutaneous tissues causes degradation of image quality. Transvaginal sonography is a relatively new technique in pelvic imaging and can overcome many of the limitations of traditional transabdominal scanning2. The transvaginal transducer accurately assesses early embryos, ectopic pregnancies, and incomplete abortions4. It is especially useful in the work-up of the infertile patient and the monitoring of follicle development in these patients2, 5. Transvaginal sonography recently was used for transvaginal cyst aspirations6 and in fetal cephalocentesis for severe hydrocephalus7.
Transvaginal sonography provided more information than transabdominal sonography in most cases. However, the transvaginal technique is limited in some circumstances because of the smaller field of view of transvaginal probe. Transvaginal sonograms may be limited in patients with large myomatous uteri or large pedunculated fibroids, because it is difficult to image the entire uterus, and in the evaluation of cephalad or laterally displaced ovaries, because the pelvic structures are out of the focal zone of the transducer. In addition, because of the limited view, a global view of the pelvis cannot be obtained as it can be with transabdominal imaging.
It is unusual for the patients to experience discomfort, but this does occur and may be a limitation for this procedure in some cases. Patients with pelvic inflammatory disease or laterally located ovaries (requiring more manipulation of the transducer) are uncomfortable. Because elderly patients are uncomfortable with this technique, the transvaginal examination is seldom performed in these patients.
Over the last decade, there has been increasing use of transvaginal ultrasound in a wide range of gynaecological and obstetric contexts. Transvaginal ultrasound is an invasive investigation and there are a number of reasons for hypothesizing that it may be a difficult procedure for some women. For example, research has shown that a significant minority of women find vaginal examinations distressing8 and that, for some women, vaginal examinations may trigger post-traumatic stress symptoms9. There have been anecdotal reports that some women have found transvaginal scans very distressing10, and there have been some medico legal cases involving transvaginal scans11. This suggests that there is a need for research on women’s experiences of the procedure, examining both its acceptability to women and the relative effects of their perceptions.

Women’s Perception Of Transvaginal Sonography At Image Diagnostics, Portharcourt

Share This

Details

Type Project
Department Medical Radiography And Radiological Sciences
Project ID MRR0085
Price ₦3,000 ($9)
No of Pages 58 Pages
Format Microsoft Word

500
Leave a comment...

    Details

    Type Project
    Department Medical Radiography And Radiological Sciences
    Project ID MRR0085
    Price ₦3,000 ($9)
    No of Pages 58 Pages
    Format Microsoft Word

    Related Works

    ABSTRACT Transvaginal sonography is a later addition to the diagnostic techniques available for the evaluation of the female pelvis and can overcome many of the limitations of traditional transabdominal scanning. Transvaginal sonography involves the placement of the probe within the vagina. This is uncomfortable for most women especially in this... Continue Reading
    ABSTRACT Transvaginal sonography is a later addition to the diagnostic techniques available for the evaluation of the female pelvis and can overcome many of the limitations of traditional transabdominal scanning. Transvaginal sonography involves the placement of the probe within the vagina. This is uncomfortable for most women especially in this... Continue Reading
    CHAPTER ONE                                               INTRODUCTION 1.1       Background to the Study From the beginning, communication has been an integral part of the human society. It has taken many forms from the ancient cave painting to mobile internet of the 21st century, facilitating... Continue Reading
    Abstract This study investigates the factors that limit women’s participation in Nigeria’s politics using as a case study, the period between 2011 and 2016, with emphasis on Kogi central senatorial district. Among these factors are socioeconomic development, the country’s cultural heritage, historical legacies and institutional designs. The... Continue Reading
    CHAPTER TWO LITERATURE REVIEW 2.0   INTRODUCTION This section will consist of two major sections which are conceptual framework and the review of relevant literature. Basic concepts related to depreciation accounting practices and its influence on profitability.... Continue Reading
    ABSTRACT The Effects of Family Structure on Juvenile Delinquency by Studies show that family structure is an important factor in explaining delinquency among adolescents (Price & Kunz, 2003). There is a lack of research, however, pertaining to... Continue Reading
    CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 INTRODUCTION Portharcout is a very busy town with lots of competition among the SMEs, the performance of SMEs is critically low because of some factors like limited capital for start up purposes; the research work... Continue Reading
    Background of the Study In an increasing competitive and dynamic business environment, every organization needs to identify, anticipate, satisfy and care for customers to maximize profit, meet the requirement of stakeholders and have competitive advantage. Every industry including bank has an underlying structure or a set of fundamental economic... Continue Reading
    DESIGN AND IMPLEMENTATION OF A WEATHER FORECASTING PACKAGE FOR AVIATION INDUSTRY  (A CASE STUDY OF PORT – HARCOURT INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT OMAGWA ) ABSTRACT             This Project work is based on weather forecast package for aviation industry using Port-Harcourt International Airport (Omagwa) as a case study. The Occurrence of plane... Continue Reading
    ABSTRACT The topic “Automated forensic auditing and fraud control in Nigeria” is a critical concept in modern days accounting, and our country Nigeria is not left out in its practice. This research aims at pointing out the rationale behind fraudulent practices as well as examining the role of automated forensic auditing on fraud control. A... Continue Reading