Of the factors which influence and determine the contents and messages of drama, the society from which that drama emanates is of great significance. The ineffectiveness and inadequacies that constitute the social and political setting of the present day Africa and which hinder human and societal growth engendered the writing of plays which advocate and call for immediate change of African social political system and positive transformation of the continent's social, economic and political settings. One of the radical African dramatists whose drama are geared towards goading and motivating the audience to take necessary revolutionary actions for systemic reformation of social and political system is Bode Sowande and some of the plays he wrote to this effect are Circus of Freedom Square and Farewell to Babylon.
This research therefore analyses the revolutionary contents in Bode Sowande's Circus of Freedom square and Farewell to Babylon. The outcome of the analysis of the revolutionary ethos in the selected plays will be used not only in identifying the roles of African dramatists in African revolutionary struggles but also in acknowledging their stance on social and political reformation of the continent.
Through the textual analysis of the selected plays, revolutionary ethos such as what brings about revolutionary struggles and the possible outcome of these struggles are identified. In Circus of Freedom Square, for instance, revolutionary examination of societal conventions like the misuse of power among the political public holders, injustice in the court system, undue politicization of the press, unrighteousness of religious institutions and the presence of dictatorial government are undertaken. Thus the people’s quest for societal salvation is supreme. Farewell to Babylon, on its own part, comprises revolutionary ethos like people’s desire for positive transformation of the society, the preparedness of the common man to resist unwanted socio-political system and the presence of the military in African politics. Both plays establish Sowande as a dramatist that is against the use of violence for societal transformation.
The work is of importance to the practice and study of theatre as it informs potential dramatists on how to use drama for relevant human and societal growth and development.
Keywords : African drama, revolution and ethos.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Title page i
Table of Content v
CHAPTER ONE: Introduction
Background to the Study
Statement of Problem 3
Objective of the Study 4
Scope of the Study 4
CHAPTER TWO: Literature Review
2.1 The concept of revolution 5
2.2 Connection between Drama and revolution 8
2.2.1 Agit prop 10
2.2.2 Epic Theatre 11
2.2.3 The theatre of the oppressed 12
2.2.4 The living theatre