Since Nigeria had political independence in 1960 certain key problems have played dominant roles in determining the nature, character and direction of government and politics in the country. Most of these issues have been described by scholars and commentators on Nigeria politics as the legacies of the country’s colonial experience, whose origins can be traced back to the almost one hundred years of colonial domination.
One of the issues or fall-outs of the Nigerian federal system is ethnicity. Ethnicity in Nigeria derives from the multifarious and diverse nature of the Nigerian territory, which consists of people of different background, ancestry and tradition. In essence members of an ethnic group could then be described as consisting of those who regard themselves as being alike by virtue of their common ancestry, language, custom as well as tradition, Olisa et al (1990).
Ethnicity as a force in Nigerian politics originated from the colonial policies of the British, who, through their ‘divide and rule policy’. Encouraged the use of different applications of colonial policies on the traditional institutions and structures of the various ethnic groups in Nigeria.
This unequal impact of colonial policies saw the partial exposure of western education by the British Missionaries to a particular part of the country, namely the southern part of Nigeria, thereby alienating the northern part. The dangers inherent in these segregationist policies soon became apparent in the 1940s, 1950s and soon after political independence in 1960.
In his work, Okwudiba Nnoli traces the origin of ethnicity in Nigeria and rightly blamed it squarely on European Imperialism. He also wrote extensively on the origin of the struggles and clashes between the Igbos and Yorubas and Igbos and Hausas among others. Nnoli sees tribalism which became the recurring feature of Nigerian political life as part and parcel of colonial racism whose primary objective was the complete alienation of the colonized African, enabling a better and more complete domination and control of her.
Quite a number of literatures have been produced on the subject of ethnicity in Nigerian politics. Early writers paid special attention to the negative influence of ethnicity and cautioned Nigerian leaders to threat the political terrain with tack or good words and carefulness. Perhaps, Professor Okwudiba, Nnoli’s work. Ethnic politics in Nigeria (1986) and ethnic politics in African in (1989) are the most incisive of the writings on the problem of ethnicity in Nigeria. In the work, Professor Nnoli traces the origin of ethnicity in Nigeria and rightly blamed it squarely on European imperialism He also wrote extensively on the origin of the struggles and clashes between the Igbos and Yoruba and Igbos and Hausas among others. Nnoli sees tribalism which became the recurring feature of Nigerian political life as part and parcel of colonial racism who primary objective was the complete alienation of the colonized Africans enabling a better and more complete domination and control of him.
Writing on social differentiation ethnicity gender and class in African perspective on development edited by U C F Himmelstrand, or Egbosa, H. Osaghe noted that ethnicity is perhaps the most popular concepts used in the analysis of African politics. He is of the view that the character of present day ethnic groups and ethnic relation evolved with the modern political structures. He considers this to the product of history and goes further to see the preponderance of the Igbo, Yoruba and Hausa/Fulani as the emergent realities in Nigeria, Dr. Egbosa holds slave trade responsible for laying the foundation for the new phase of ethnicity by tightening kingship bonds. This makes every ethnic group conscious of it’s existences and has reduced politics to struggles for the extraction and distribution of national resources.
PROBLEMS OF ETHNICITY IN THE NIGERIA FEDERAL SYSTEM OF GOVERNMENT
ABSTRACT This term paper is to find out how tax is a source of revenue to the Federal government of Nigeria is being operated by the government. It is an attempt to highlight some of the major constraints in the process of assessment and... Continue Reading
ABSTRACT The topic of this research is problems and prospects of auditing in government organization, the population of the study was 82 while the research used yaro Yamani formula in the determination of the sample size which was 68.The researcher used both the primary and the secondary sources in obtaining the relevant data used in the course of... Continue Reading
ABSTRACT It is the aim of this study to find out the problems, process and prospect that has characterized the budget implementation in the local government administration in Nigeria. This research work has five chapters that contain general discussion in budgeting with its unique comprehensive details as an important tool in governance. The... Continue Reading
ABSTRACT Time management is the allocation of proper and adequate time to a particular task and having them done within the frame. For a proper work to be done, there must be time in it and we know that time is very necessary in our business in particular our life in general. The aim of this research work is therefore aimed at finding those... Continue Reading
AN INVESTIGATION INTO THE PROBLEMS OF TIME MANAGEMENT TO THE PERFORMANCE SECRETARIES A CASE STUDY OF SELECTED FEDERAL GOVERNMENT OWNED ESTABLISHMENTS IN ENUGU METROPOLIS ABSTRACT Time management is the allocation of proper and adequate time to a particular task and having them done within the frame. For a proper work to be done, there must be time... Continue Reading
ABSTRACT The purpose of this study is to examine Jos, the Plateau State capital, has remind the same for over a century. The study set out to assist the case of ethnic groups, specially the Broom, Anaguta, and Afizere and Hausa/Fulani, laying claim to pre-eminence over one another. The chapter one deals with the background to the study down to the... Continue Reading
ABSTRACT This research work was conducted to determine the influence of ethnicity on voting pattern in Nigeria with particular emphasis to the 2015 presidential election. To actualize the above, the researcher formulated three (3) research questions, and three (3) research hypotheses. An open ended structured questionnaire was used for data... Continue Reading
AN EVALUATION OF ETHNICITY AND ISSUE OF POLITICAL DEVELOPMENT IN NIGERIA (A CASE STUDY OF DELTA STATE) CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION The realm of politic is the field of greatest conflict in the society. This is not surprising since policies are the process whereby society arbitrates over power and allocation or score resource. However in modern... Continue Reading
PROPOSAL The ability to use appraisal to develop and motivate employees is a core management skill. Constructive feedback or performance is vital if staff are to build on their strength achieve their full potential and make the maximum contribution to their... Continue Reading
PROPOSAL The ability to use appraisal to develop and motivate employees is a core management skill. Constructive feedback or performance is vital if staff are to build on their strength achieve their full potential and make the maximum contribution to their organization. In Nigerian organization, certain factors has been identified that render the... Continue Reading