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Artists, especially, cartoonists have made vigorous effort to portray the society by familiarizing people with the on-going events in such society. This work aimed at investigating how pragmatic elements could be deployed to properly interpret the ways in which cartoons and their utterances depict and satirize socio-political realities in Nigeria. In this regard, sixteen “pocket cartoons” were selected from Vanguard editions between June and Sep., 2010 and they were analysed using pragmatic elements such as speech acts, contexts, presupposition world knowledge, implicature, inference and deixis. It was discovered that utterances used in these cartoons were mainly “assertives” and ‘directives’ meaning that they (those utterances) signified the state of socio-political affairs in the country. We also found out that an utterance can have more than one ‘illocution’ and ‘perlocution’ and the perlocutions may vary with regard to the addresses. Indeed, it was noted that context and world knowledge were essential indices of understanding and interpreting cartoons.
Pragmatics is a shift from strict grammatical rules to a situational language use.It is a linguistic theory that studies meaning from the perspectives of language users, communication code and socio-cultural conventions. Hence, Mey (2007:6) asserts that “Pragmatics Studies the use of language in human communication as determined by the conditions of society”.
Cartoons are “Comic strips”. They create humour by portraying “observable characters in a society” (Bitner, 2003:306). Cartoons serve as a medium through which people are informed, educated and entertained by presenting societal happenings in hillarious manner. They are found in newspapers, magazines and newsletters.
Vanguard is a Nigeria Newspaper that centres on politics, education, sports, local and national news etc. It has a section named “pocket cartoon” which portrays socio-political events in the country. 
With a view to studying pragmatics, Babatunde and Odepidan (2009) carry out a “Pragama- rhetorical strategies in selected speeches of President Olusegun Obasanjo (Former Nigeria President).Adetunji (2009) also conducts analysis of  selected acts.  However, they did not focus on non-verbal aspects of language.
This work is therefore, borne out of a desire to study the workings of pragmatics (including non-verbal language) in selected pocket cartoons from editions of Vanguard so as to discover how utterances used in these cartoons reflect Nigerian socio-political realities. 

Title page i
Table of Contentsv

1.0General introduction1
1.1Purpose of the study2
1.3Scope and limitation2
1.4Research methodology3
1.5.0   Nigerian Newspapers4
1.5.1   Vanguard-A Nigerian Newspaper4
1.6 Summary 5

2.0       Introduction6
2.1.An Overview of Pragmatics6
2.2.0Goals of Pragmatics 7
2.3.0Theories of Pragmatics 8
2.3.1Speech Acts Theory8
2.3.2Implicature Theory12
2.3.3Intention and Inference Theory13
2.3.4Contextual Theory14
2.4.0Pragmatic Elements17
2.4.1    Presupposition17
2.4.2    World Knowledge18
2.4.3Deixis 19
2.4.4Non-verbal Language20
2.5.0Cartoons – Meaning and Brief History20
2.5.1Forms of Cartoons21
2.5.2Functions of Cartoons 22
2.5.3Summary 23

3.0      Introduction24
Datum one 24
Datum two26
Datum three28
Datum four30
Datum five33
Datum six35
Datum seven37
Datum eight39
Datum nine40
Datum ten42
Datum eleven44
Datum twelve46
Datum thirteen48
Datum fourteen49
Datum fifteen51
Datum sixteen53
Data Discussion 56

4.1Summary of findings58


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Type Project
Department English
Project ID ENG0341
Price ₦3,000 ($20)
No of Pages 71 Pages
Format Microsoft Word

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    Type Project
    Department English
    Project ID ENG0341
    Price ₦3,000 ($20)
    No of Pages 71 Pages
    Format Microsoft Word

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