+234 813 0686 500
+234 809 3423 853
info@grossarchive.com

FACTORS INFLUENCING HUMAN WILDLIFE CONFLICT IN COMMUNITIES SURROUNDING PROTECTED AREAS AT OL PEJETA CONSERVANCY, TIGITHI WARD, LAIKIPIA COUNTY, KENYA

  • Type:Project
  • Pages:81
  • Format:Microsoft Word
(Geography Project Topics & Materials)

ABSTRACT

Human-wildlife conflicts pose a great challenge to wildlife conservation and are increasing as human migration settlement from rural to urban areas increases, development expands, global climate changes and other human and environmental factors put people and wildlife in greater direct competition for a shrinking resource base. The purpose of this study was to find out the factors influencing human-wildlife conflict in communities surrounding protected areas; a case of OlPejeta Conservancy. Objectives of the study were to determine the influence of; resources competition, human migration settlement, human invasion to protected areas as well assessing how Kenya Wildlife Service conservation measures influence human-wildlife conflict in communities living around OPC. The study was influenced by the fact that human-wildlife conflict cases are still rampant in OPC despite measures taken up by Kenya Wildlife Service to reduce human-wildlife conflict. The study is significant to interested stakeholders in developing programs that will ensure sustainability of the wildlife and human, assist Kenya Wildlife Service in reviewing and amending appropriately existing policies governing natural resources and land issues and local community and future researchers interested in related topics. The study was based on Social Conflict and Stakeholder theories. The study used a descriptive survey research design where the target population comprised of 1200 households from Tigithi and Ngobit villages surrounding OPC and all the 10 Kenya Wildlife Service officers at OPC station. Stratified sampling was adopted to select 130 households. Questionnaires and interview guides were used to collect data. Quantitative data were analyzed using descriptive statistics such as percentages and frequency while data was presented using tables. Respondents were assured of the confidentiality of the information provided. From the study, it was concluded that when there is drought, the pastoralists graze their livestock in the protected areas and some residents also block water for domestic and agricultural use, people migrate due to various reasons which have led to an increase in human population, that invasion to protected area for agricultural and economic activities are also on the rise. This study recommends that: the government should resettle squatters away from the protected area, enforcement of regulations and legislation on the safe distance on which people should build their houses away from protected areas and community education and awareness by Kenya Wildlife Service should be implemented in the areas where Human-Wildlife Conflict is experienced.


 

 

 

 

 

 

Table of Contents

DECLARATION.. i

DEDICATION.. ii

ACKNOWLEDGMENT. iii

ABSTRACT. iv

ABBREVIATIONS AND ACRONYMS. v

CHAPTER ONE.. 1

1.1 Background of the study. 1

1.2 Statement of the Problem.. 3

1.3 Purpose of the Study. 4

1.4 Objectives of the study. 4

1.5 Research Questions. 4

1.6 Scope of the Study. 5

1.7 Significance of the study. 5

1.8 Limitations of the study. 5

1.9 Delimitation of the Study. 5

1.10 Definitions of significant terms used in the study. 5

1.11 Organization of the study. 6

CHAPTER 2. 1

2.1 Introduction. 1

2.2 Human-Wildlife Conflict 1

2.3 Influence of Resources Competition on Human-Wildlife Conflict 2

2.4 Influence of Human Migration Settlement on Human-Wildlife Conflict 3

2.5 Influence of Human Invasion to protected Areas on Human-Wildlife Conflict 5

2.6 Influence of KWS Conservation Measures on Human-Wildlife Conflict 6

2.7 Theoretical Framework. 8

2.7.1 The Social Conflict Theory. 8

2.7.2 Stakeholder Theory. 8

2.8 Conceptual framework. 9

2.9 Summary and Knowledge gap. 11

CHAPTER THREE.. 12

3.1 PHYSICAL SETUP. 12

3.1.1 LOCATION AND HISTORY.. 12

3.1.2 Climate and temperature. 13

3.1.3Geology. 13

3.1.4 Drainage. 14

3.2 ECOLOGICAL SET UP. 14

3.2.1 Common vegetation. 14

3.2.2 TYPES OF SPECIES. 15

3.3 SOCIO-ECONOMIC SETUP. 16

CHAPTER 4. 20

4.1 Introduction. 20

4.2 Research design. 20

4.3 Nature and Sources of data. 20

4.3.1 Nature of data. 20

4.3.2 Sources of data. 20

4.4 Data Collection Methods. 21

4.4.1 Interview schedules. 21


Share This

Details

Type Project
Department Geography
Project ID GEO0065
Price ₦3,000 ($20)
No of Pages 81 Pages
Format Microsoft Word

500
Leave a comment...

    Details

    Type Project
    Department Geography
    Project ID GEO0065
    Price ₦3,000 ($20)
    No of Pages 81 Pages
    Format Microsoft Word

    Related Works

    ABSTRACT Human-wildlife conflicts pose a great challenge to wildlife conservation and are increasing as human migration settlement from rural to urban areas increases, development expands, global climate changes and other human and environmental factors put people and wildlife in greater direct competition for a shrinking resource base. The... Continue Reading
    CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY 1.1 INTRODUCTIONS This chapter gives the overall background of the entire study of my research. It also entails the objectives of th... Continue Reading
    ABSTRACT The study intended to find out the effect of product innovation and competitive advantage in manufacturing firms in Nairobi County. The study sought to do this through: -establishing the effect  of  number   of products  redesigned   on  the  manufacturing  firms’ competitiveness in Nairobi   County,   to   establish ... Continue Reading
    ABSTRACT This study was carried out to assess the socio-cultural factors influencing nutritional status of children below 5 years in selected rural communities in Enugu State. The objectives of the study were to determine the influence of family structure, socio-economic status of the family, maternal education on the nutritional status of... Continue Reading
    ABSTRACT The rate at which informal settlements are mushrooming all over the world is alarming causing health problems, environmental deterioration, social distress, economic destruction (fire), and urban violence. This has forced many countries to put in place measures and efforts to eradicate the informal settlements. There has been no clear... Continue Reading
    ABSTRACT Donors play a very crucial role in the social development process in all the spheres of the world. They are particularly vital in situations where state funds are limited, political situations are fluid and volatile, natural disasters resulting from both predictable and unpredictable environmental circumstances occur, ethnic animosity is... Continue Reading
    ABSTRACT Donors play a very crucial role in the social development process in all the spheres of the world. They are particularly vital in situations where state funds are limited, political situations are fluid and volatile, natural disasters resulting from both predictable and unpredictable environmental circumstances occur, ethnic animosity is... Continue Reading
    ABSTRACT This study seeks to find the factors that influence the need for training in Communications Authority Kenya. Library research, questionnaires and the internet will be used to gather the information needed. The problem that the Communications Authority Kenya undergoes with training is highlighted. It is more of a positive problem statement... Continue Reading
    . ABSTRACT This study seeks to investigate the factors that affect acquisition of skills among the youth in Maranda Division Siaya County. It intends to answer questions such as what is the attitude of the learners towards vocational skills... Continue Reading
    CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1     Background to Study Family planning is one of the most ―health-promoting‖ and cost-effective activities in public health promotion and has the potential to avert approximately 30% of maternal and 10% of child deaths.1 Thus, FP contributes to achieving the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) through... Continue Reading