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INTERFACE MONITORING AND ANALYSIS OF PIPELINE AND PRODUCTS MARKETING COMPANY LIMITED ENUGU DEPOT

  • Type:Project
  • Pages:128
  • Format:Microsoft Word
(Chemical Engineering Project Topics & Materials)


ABSTRACT

This research was carried out with the sole aim of monitoring interface in the transportation of petroleum pipeline products and the analysis of this product from Enugu depot.  In the research it was observed that product contaminates each other if interface was not properly monitored and cut at the appropriate time.
The three major products that were considered in this research were premium motor spirit (PMS) automotive gas premium (AGO0 and dual purpose kerosene  (DPK).
The tests carried out point test smoke point test, initial and final boiling point test (Distillation), temperature and density test, to ascertain the standard quality specification and the extent of their purity.
It was observed from the result that the flash point value for DPK and AGO were 430c and 820c respectively.  The average smoke point test values for DPK product was 21.92mm.  the initial  and final boiling point of PMS were350c and 1750c, respectively.   The observed density at the DPK/AGO interface monitoring test were 819 kg/m3 and 850 kg/m3 and corrected densities for DPK and AGO were 830.2kg/m3 and 859.9kg/m3 respectively. The interface reception cut point for DPK/AGO interface  monitoring was made at the corrected density of 849.0 kg/m3.  And the temperature of DPK and AGO were 310c respectively.
The result from the analysis revealed that the boiling point of PMS was far more lower than that of AGI and DPK, which implies that PMS has a higher volatility than the two other products the flash point test revealed that the minimum temperature at which AGO and DPK ignites was 66.50c and 430c PMS was not determined because of its high volatility.  Also, the standard minimum smoke point of DPK was determined to be 22mm.  The smoke point test for AGO and PMS were not carried out because, they were not domestically used and their combustion normally takes value in an engine.
This research has become very necessary because it reveals the proper way pf handling petroleum pipeline product to meet standard specification for domestic and industrial use.
 
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Title page
Approval page
Letter of transmittal
Dedication
Acknowledgement
Abstract
Table of contents

CHAPTER ONE
1.0 Introduction
1.1 Historical perspective
1.2 Introduction to petroleum transportation by pipeline
1.3 Product movements and handling
1.4 Batching procedure
1.5 Interface detection and control
1.6 Interface growth
1.7 Product quality control
1.8 Sample
1.9 Product contamination

CHAPTER TWO
2.0 Literature review
2.1 Historical review of interface
2.2 Pipeline hydraulics
2.3 Laminal and turbulent flow
2.4 The Reynolds number
2.5 Operating philosophy

CHAPTER THREE
3.0 Experimental method/ procedure
3.1 List of laboratory equipment
3.2 Experiment method
3.3 Interface monitoring test (first step)
3.4 Experimental test on the various pipeline product (second step)
3.4.1 Flash point test
3.4.2 Smoke point test 
3.4.3 Distillation test
3.4.4 Temperature and relative density test

CHAPTER FOUR
4.0 Experimental results

CHAPTER FIVE
5.0 Discussion

CHAPTER SIX
6.0 Conclusion
CHAPTER SEVEN

7.0 Recommendation
References
Appendices

INTERFACE MONITORING AND ANALYSIS OF PIPELINE AND PRODUCTS MARKETING COMPANY LIMITED ENUGU DEPOT

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Details

Type Project
Department Chemical Engineering
Project ID CNG0283
Price ₦3,000 ($9)
No of Pages 128 Pages
Format Microsoft Word

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    Details

    Type Project
    Department Chemical Engineering
    Project ID CNG0283
    Price ₦3,000 ($9)
    No of Pages 128 Pages
    Format Microsoft Word

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