+234 813 0686 500
+234 809 3423 853
info@grossarchive.com

THE CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM IN NIGERIA; PREVENTING EXTRA JUDICIAL KILLINGS BY LAW ENFORCEMENT AGENCIES

  • Type:Project
  • Pages:99
  • Format:Microsoft Word
(Law Project Topics & Materials)

                                        ABSTRACT

It is vital to the correct understanding of the criminal law of Nigeria to ascertain at outset whence that law derives and where it is to be found. Essentially, Nigerian criminal law is derived from English common law. But the present relationship between those two systems of law has tended to become confused. Right from the creation of the earth by the Almighty there has been the existence of law. Law is a rule, a rule of behaviour, code of conduct, the rules usually made by the legislative arm of government which order the way persons, bodies and society should behave and also it can be term to be what officials do about dispute. Despite the existence of law in Nigeria and the various provisions of laws made by the legislature protecting human life, especially when the constitution of Nigeria which is seen as the grundnorms of her laws, the law enforcement agencies who have responsibilities of protecting the citizen are involve in the extra judicial killings of these citizens and this has become so rampant in Nigeria. And there have been various instances of extra judicial killings by law enforcement agencies in Nigeria. This essay is to critically examine the role of the governments on their citizen as it relate to killing of citizens without lawful justifications, and also state the challenges posed by these extra judicial killings. Furthermore, some suggestions will be proposed on ways of reducing and finally curtailing these anomaly as well as ways of ensuring that those found guilty of this crime are brought to book.

TABLE OF CONTENT

TITLE PAGE ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------iDECLARATION--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------iiCERTIFICATION------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ABSTRACT-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------iv

TABLE OF CONTENT--------------------------------------------------------------------------vvii

DEDICATION---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ACKNOWLEDGMENT------------------------------------------------------------------------------ix

TABLE OF CASES------------------------------------------------------------------------------------x

TABLE OF STATUTES------------------------------------------------------------------------------xi

LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS------------------------------------------------------------------------xii


CHAPTER ONE

GENERAL INTRODUCTION1.0.  INTRODUCTION-------------------------------------------------------------------------------1-2

1.1. BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY------------------------------------------------------------2-3

1.2. STATEMENT OF PROBLEM------------------------------------------------------------------3-4

1.3. SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY------------------------------------------------------------4-5

1.4. STRUCTURE OF STUDY-------------------------------------------------------------------------5

1.5. RESEARCH METHODOLOGY------------------------------------------------------------------5

1.6. LITERATURE REVIEW------------------------------------------------------------------------5-9


CHAPTER TWO

THE   GENERAL   OVERVIEW   OF   NIGERIAN   CRIMINAL   JUSTICESYSTEM2.0. HISTORICAL BACKGROUND OF THE CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM -------10-14

2.1. DEFINITIONS OF LAW BY VARIOUS JURISTS--------------------------------------14-17

2.2. MEANING OF CRIME AND ELEMENT VARIOUS CRIMES---------------------- 17-19

2.4. DIFFERENCES BETWEEN CRIME AND TORTS-------------------------------------19-24

2.5. COMPONENTS OF CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM ---------------------------------24- 37


CHAPTER THREE

THE   ROLE   OF   LAW   ENFORCEMENT   AGENCIES   IN   NIGERIAN   CRIMINALJUSTICE SYSTEM

3.0 THE VAROUS LAW ENFORCEMENT AGENCIES IN NIGERIA-------------------38-40

3.1  THE   LEGAL   STATUS   OF   LAW  ENFORCEMENT AGENCIES  OTHER   THAN   THENIGERIAN POLICE -------------------------------------------------------------------------------40-44

3.2. FUNCTIONS OF LAW ENFORCEMENT AGENCIES--------------------------------44-51

3.3. POWER TO DETAIN SUSPECTS----------------------------------------------------------51-54

3.4. ARREST AND SEARCHES -----------------------------------------------------------------54-57

3.5. POWER TO PROSECUTE-------------------------------------------------------------------57-58

3.5. 1. POSSESION/ USE OF FIREARMS -----------------------------------------------------58-60

3.6. REASONABLE USE OF FORCE-----------------------------------------------------------60-61

3.6.1. LEGALITY OF EVIDENCE OBTAINED FROM A SUSPECTS----------------------61


CHAPTER FOUR

EXTRA   JUDICIAL   KILLLINGS   OR   ACTIVITIES   BY   LAWENFORCEMENTS AGENCIES IN NIGERIA

4.1. NOTABLE INSTANCES OF EXTRA JUDICIAL KILLINGS IN NIGERIA……61-65

4.2. REASONS FOR EXTRA JUDICIAL KILLINGS……………………………….….65-69

4.3. THE LEGISLATIVE FRAMEWORK FOR COMBATING EXTRA JUDICIAL KILLINGS…………………………………………………………………..69-74

4.4.  JUDICIAL PRONOUNCEMENTS   AND  ATTITUDES  OF  THE COURTS  TOWARDS EXTRA JUDICIAL KILLINGS…………………………………………………….……78-79

4.6. THE INTERNATIONAL LAWS AGAINST EXTRA JUDICIAL KILLINGS…….79-80



CHAPTER FIVE

5.0. CHALLENGES……………………............................................................…….81-82

5.1. RECOMMENDATIONS ………………………………………………………….82-84

5.2. CONCLUSION…………………………......................…………………………..84-85

BIBLIOGRAPHY

THE CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM IN NIGERIA; PREVENTING EXTRA JUDICIAL KILLINGS BY LAW ENFORCEMENT AGENCIES

Share This

Details

Type Project
Department Law
Project ID LAW0239
Price ₦3,000 ($9)
No of Pages 99 Pages
Format Microsoft Word

500
Leave a comment...

    Details

    Type Project
    Department Law
    Project ID LAW0239
    Price ₦3,000 ($9)
    No of Pages 99 Pages
    Format Microsoft Word

    Related Works

    ABSTRACT It is vital to the correct understanding of the criminal law of Nigeria to ascertain at outset whence that law derives and where it is to be found. Essentially, Nigerian criminal law is derived from English common law. But the present relationship between those two systems of law has tended to become confused. Right from the creation of... Continue Reading
    CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1       Background to the Study The criminal justice system in Nigeria with particular reference to Abia State is made up of three distinctive inter-dependent components viz.; the police, the courts and the prisons. These agencies work in synergy in the prevention, deterrence, apprehension, investigation, trial,... Continue Reading
    ABSTRACT Ever since independence, the criminal justice system of Nigeria has accommodated capital punishment which is also known as “death penalty”, as a punitive measure for specifically defined offences. In the past 15 years, scholars, researchers and students of penology and criminology have championed the debate for abolition of death... Continue Reading
    CHAPTER ONE GENERAL INTRODUCTION                                            PAGE 1.1         Background to the Study......................................................................................................................... 1 1.2         Statement of... Continue Reading
    ABSTRACT The criminal justice system revolves around three cardinal institutions: the police, court and prison. These institutions are partners in our failing criminal justice system, due to some practices that are inimical to the interest of society. Thus,... Continue Reading
    THE IMPACT OF GOVERNMENT REGULATOR AGENCIES OF NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT IN NIGERIA (A CASE STUDY OF NATIONAL DRUG LAW ENFORCEMENT AGENCY (NDLEA) ABSTRACT This study is designed to x-ray the activities and the impact of government regulatory agencies on national development. In the course of this research work, the researcher adopted the survey method.... Continue Reading
    THE IMPACT OF GOVERNMENT REGULATOR AGENCIES OF NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT IN NIGERIA (A CASE STUDY OF NATIONAL DRUG LAW ENFORCEMENT AGENCY (NDLEA) ABSTRACT This study is designed to x-ray the activities and the impact of government regulatory agencies on national development. In the course of this research work, the researcher adopted the survey method.... Continue Reading
    CHAPTER ONE GENERAL INTRODUCTION 1.0    Introduction In most countries, it has been accepted that democracy is the only system of government that seeks to protect individual liberty and guarantee the fundamental rights of all. The pursuit of these rights is however not absolute as there exist state institutions like the police whose mandate is... Continue Reading
    ABSTRACT The Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria 1999 chose certain rights to protect under chapter IV and termed them as Fundamental Rights. These rights are chosen to be protected not only by the Constitution, but also by the African Charter on Human and Peoples „Right. Whenever there are breaches of these fundamental rights, the... Continue Reading
    NIGERIA JUDICIAL SYSTEM, PROBLEM AND THE WAY OUT   CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1   BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY The Judiciary arm of government is responsible for interpreting the law of the land, while applying it in situations where they are necessary; this makes the job of the Judiciary a very critical one. The law of the land constitutes the... Continue Reading