+234 813 0686 500
+234 809 3423 853
info@grossarchive.com

Production of Bioethanol from Molasses and Effluent Treatment of Spent Wash

  • Type:Project
  • Pages:51
  • Format:Microsoft Word
(Biotechnology Project Topics & Materials)

ABSTRACT

The use of ethanol in fuel blending has long been in use, and this help in controlling gas emissions but cannot be compared to bio-ethanol in control of greenhouse gas emissions. Bio-ethanol is known to adsorb CO2 they emit; it also improves rural economy. A lot of materials especially starchy crops are used in the production of bio-ethanol. This research work focuses on the production of bio-ethanol from molasses; a waste from sugar cane industries. Bio-ethanol is regarded as one of the most promising fuels from renewable sources. This study also looks at protecting the environment as the effluent of the bio-ethanol production can be treated before discharging to the open field. Four steps are involved in its production; dilution, fermentation, decantation and distillation. The molasses (700ml) was diluted with 300ml of water, after which yeast was added for fermentation process. Other reagents were also added to enhance the fermentation process and production of quality ethanol. The fermented molasses was distilled and to get bio-ethanol, the residue which is the spent wash was treated to reduce its contamination level in order not to affect lives when discharged to the environment. The results from the analysis gave 93.7% ethanol, 78.42oC boiling point value, 0.8301ml/l density, produced no offensive odour, completely miscible with water. Statistical analysis of untreated and treated spent wash reveals that it is statistically significant with p=0.032. These with other results gotten in this study are within the Nigerian Industrial Standard (NIS) and therefore have proven that molasses (waste) is a good substrate for bio-ethanol production which can be used for so many purposes.

Production of Bioethanol from Molasses and Effluent Treatment of Spent Wash

Share This

Details

Type Project
Department Biotechnology
Project ID BTH0003
Price ₦3,000 ($9)
No of Pages 51 Pages
Format Microsoft Word

500
Leave a comment...

    Details

    Type Project
    Department Biotechnology
    Project ID BTH0003
    Price ₦3,000 ($9)
    No of Pages 51 Pages
    Format Microsoft Word

    Related Works

    CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION Nigerians are confronted with an environment that is rapidly changing and the time spent on non-academic activities has negatively impacted academic performance. This survey investigates the contribution of time spent on the internet by students to academic achievement. The performance of students’ overtime has witnessed... Continue Reading
    ABSTRACT In the current study, coconut husk, a lignocellulosic biomass, was employed as the feedstock for production of bioethanol. The powderised coconut husks were subjected to thermal pretreatment, chemical pretreatment and microwave-assisted-alkaline (MAA) pretreatment... Continue Reading
    ABSTRACT The production of bio-ethanol from Elephant grass ( Pennisetun purpureum)  stem was carried out using elephant grass stem as a feedstock and a combination of  Aspergillus   niger  at 0.2%(w/v) 0.4%(w/v), 0.6%(w/v), 0.8%(w/v) and 1%(w/v) concentrations and Saccharomyces cerevisiae  (brewer’s yeast) at 0.5% (w/v), 1%(w/v), 1.5%(w/v),... Continue Reading
    ABSTRACT Groundnut (Arachis Hypogaea) shell and carpet grass (Axonopus flexuosus) were assessed for bioethanol production using dilute acid hydrolysis (10 %, 15 % and 20 % H2SO4) and fermentation using yeast (saccharomyces cerevisiae). The percentage yields were determined to be 27.15 %, 19.69 % and 8.79 % for groundnut shell and 22.69 %, 13.92 %... Continue Reading
    ABSTRACT Cassava is considered as a potential source for the commercial production of bioethanol because of its availability and low market price. It can be used as a basic source to support large-scale biological production of bioethanol using microbial amylases. With the progression and advancement in enzymology, starch liquefying and... Continue Reading
    water supply and sewerage services in urban areas have in the past commonly been provided by monopolized municipal councils under the previous local government ministry. as part of a general mov... Water Treatment And Purification Process: A Case... Continue Reading
    water supply and sewerage services in urban areas have in the past commonly been provided by monopolized municipal councils under the previous local government ministry. as part of a general mov... Water Treatment And Purification Process: A Case... Continue Reading
    Water supply and Sewerage services in urban areas have in the past commonly been provided by monopolized Municipal Councils under the previous Local Government Ministry. As part of a general move by the sector to shift to market-led systems by restructuring the sector, a new paradigm emerged to transform water utilities into more modern service... Continue Reading
    ABSTRACT This seminar “Processes of Production and treatment of portable water” was meant to study the purification of water and the technique employed in achieving a clean portable water for domestic and industrial use suitable for human consumption. Having sourced materials for this research in internet and library, I proceeded to Enugu... Continue Reading
    ABSTRACT This study was carried out to look at the efficacy of using lactic acid and distilled water as wash solution to reduce rate of recontamination of some specific microbes on refrigerated chicken carcass. Frozen chicken wings was obtained from an open commercial market (Kuto), Abeokuta, in Ogun State, Nigeria. The skin from the lean meat was... Continue Reading