According to annual report of the Central Bank of Nigeria, the Nigeria economy has performed less well in the 1980’s than the 1970’s. Much of the growth in both periods was based on performance of the oil sector. By 1970 oil output stood at 558 million barrels and increased to 823 million barrels by 1973. Between 1975 – 1985, oil output per day averaged between 1.8 and 2.3 million barrels respectively. With the dramatic rise in oil price in 1973 and 1974 oil came to account for 31.9% of growth in real gross domestic products and has since continued to dominate economic performance in Niger sector. Although the aim of the policy was to translate oil revenue into directly productive structures and promote long-term development prospects, the imperatives and political pressure to spend led to consolable waste and to oil boom in construction activities.
The oil include rise in the exchange rate also gave negative protection to agriculture and eroded it’s significance in the economy from about 40% of the gross domestic product I the early 1970’s to 1980’s. According, food imports which were only 200,000 lorus the 1960’s has increase tremendously to 399,000 tones in 1974, reaching a pear level of 2,441,000 lorus in 1981.
By 1985 capacity utilization of most industries was below 20% owing to lack of foreign exchanges raw materials and sparse parts. Inflation had also attained an intolerable level. When therefore, the past administration in Nigeria came to power (the Babangida Administration) in August 1985, it looks a critical look at the magnititude of the economic problems facing the nation and in July 1986, it adopted a programme known as Structural Adjustment Programme (SAP) as a means of tackling these preambles.
The entailed, among other things the diversification of the economics so as to make it more resilient to external forces. The import licensing system was abolished and the inter-bank foreign exchange system was introduced in September 1986 with a view to making the naira achieve a realistic exchange rate. The commodities abroad were abolished and which various government subsidies were either removed or splashed by means of commercialization and privatization; such as telecommunications and electricity.
Generally, market forces in the allocation of resources replaced administrative controls. Public investments were generally reduced in government owned companies and in some cases such companies were fully privatized. Except in some strategic industries such petroleum liquefied nature gas (LMG) and petrol chemicals.
Government has rather decided to concentrate on the provision and improvement of basic infrastructural facilities such as roads, water supply, telecommunications and electricity. The overall goal of the economic adjustment is to allocate resources efficiently and to put the economy back to the past glory. It aims to relocate rescues from the public sector to the private sector as that this sector will become more productive thereby becoming the economic foundation of Nigeria’s economy (Ayaji, 1990) foreign investments are those investment that are owned by individuals and corporate bodies from other countries than the host.
The structural adjustment programme is an array of measures that are instituted with hope of revamping an ailing economy. As it affects the issues of foreign investments, the most important aspect of the structural adjustment programme is deregulation of the exchange rate and liberalizing the procedure for the registration of foreign business in Nigeria. Although the exchange control act was enacted in 1962, it was liberally applied until the outbreak of the civil in 1967.
The 1968 Act provides that foreign investors had to obtain a business permit and must also obtain a permit to employ foreigners. The enterprises promotion Decrease of 1977 limited the equity participation of foreigners in local enterprises depending on their schedule or category, which such enterprises fall. However, with the introduction of the Structural Adjustment Programme, most of the regulations where released. Foreigner investors could seek and obtain licenses coordination committee (IDCC), bring I their funds and repatriate the profits, without any form of inhibition.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Table of contents
1.2 Objectives of the study
1.3 Significance of Problem
1.4 Statement of Problem
1.5 Hypothesis Formulation
1.6 Scope and Limitation of the Study
1.7 Definition of terms
2.0 REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATION
2.1The government efforts towards attracting foreign investments
2.2The role of Industrial development co-ordination committee in the execution of foreign policy under (SAP)
2.3The concept o investment
2.4The concept of foreign investment
2.6Foreign investment and multinational corporation (MNC)
2.7Foreign investment and the 1991budget.
RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODOLOGY
3.2Sources of data
3.3Data collection technique
3.4Sample for the study
3.6Statistical method of Analysis
PRESENTATION AND ANALYSIS OF DATA
4.1Presentation of data
4.2Analysis of data
4.3The devaluation of Naira and foreign investment
4.4The role second-tire foreign exchange market
4.5Problem confronting Nigerian’s balance of payment.
4.6Foreign trade under SAP
SUMMARY OF FINDINGS CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION
FOREIGN INVESTMENT IN NIGERIA UNDER STRUCTURAL ADJUSTMENT PROGRAMME (SAP)
(SAP) PROPOSAL The research study on foreign investment in Nigeria under the structural adjustment programme focuses on the intervened levels of foreign investment in Nigeria during SAP period. In other words, the thrust of this study is based on the... Continue Reading
PROPOSAL The research study on foreign investment in Nigeria under the structural adjustment programme focuses on the intervened levels of foreign investment in Nigeria during SAP period. In other words, the thrust of this study is based on the impact. The increased level of... Continue Reading
1.1INTRDUCTION According to annual report of the Central Bank of Nigeria, the Nigeria economy has performed less well in the 1980’s than the 1970’s. Much of the growth in both periods was based on performance of the oil sector. By 1970 oil output stood at 558 million barrels and increased to 823 million barrels by 1973. Between 1975 – 1985,... Continue Reading
ABSTRACT This research work impact of SAP on accounting principles is deliberated to give a prevailing constraint and has been narrowed down by insufficient write up in the topic,. To carry out the research this subject has been divided into five chapters. Chapter one contains the introduction of SAP and fundamental accounting principles. It went... Continue Reading
Abstract Before the “Structural Adjustment Programme (SAP)” can be clearly defined, one must have a better understanding of the situation into which it was introduced. At the conclusion of a Debate/Symposium on “Devaluation” held in 1982 at the Institute of International Affairs, the consensus emerged that the economic problem of Nigeria... Continue Reading
This study aims to find out the objectives which include; i. To find out how adopting a more just and equitable approach to resolving the debt crisis can restore the balance of payment ii. To find out how to increase the role of socio-economic intervention through governmental control and stabilize the economy by eliminating free market trade... Continue Reading
CHAPTER ONE 1.0 INTRODUCTION OF THE STUDY In a word where nation are unequally endowed with human natural, financial resources, a high degree of interdependent do exist. No nation can therefore operate as an Island for survival may be impossible. This interpendent is so vital that it cuts across ideological and potential political... Continue Reading
The broad objective of this study is to examine the impact of foreign direct investment and domestic investment on economic growth in Nigeria for the period of 1986 to 2013. To achieve the broad objective, the following specific objectives were raised:(i) Analyse the trend of foreign direct investment, domestic investment and economic growth in... Continue Reading
ABSTRACT The study was carried out to determine the influence of Foreign Direct investment (FDI) and Domestic investment (DI) on the economic growth of Nigeria. The study employed Augmented Dickey-Fuller test to test for time series property of the data. Johansen co-integration was also examined and consequently error correction model was... Continue Reading
ABSTRACT This survey seeks to examine the influx of foreign television channels like â€˜Channel Oâ€™ on the culture of third world countries like Nigeria. It assumes that foreign programmes in broadcasting have debase the culture of Nigeria. The researcher uses the survey method with techniques, like questionnaire administration and... Continue Reading