This chapter will introduce the sub-heading of the research work as follows: background of the study, statement of problem, objective of the study, significance of the study, research questions, scope of the study, areas of study and delimitation and operational definition of terms.
1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
Emergency obstetric management are a set of life saving services that must be available in health facilities to respond to emergencies that arise during pregnancy, delivery or postpartum (Louis, et.al, 2005). Emergency services are needed to handle potentially life-threatening, direct obstetric complications that affect an estimated 15% of women during pregnancy, at delivery, or in the postpartum period even in developed countries (Paxton, et.al, 2006). The obstetric emergency response consists of medical & maternity staff trained to deal with obstetric emergencies and consist of Obstetric registrar/ consultant, Paediatric registrar/ consultant Anaesthetic registrar, Senior midwife (for departments other than maternity) and Patient Flow Co-ordinator.
About fifteen per cent of all pregnancies will result in complications. Most complications occur randomly across all pregnancies, both high- and low-risk. They cannot be accurately predicted and most often cannot be prevented, but they can be treated (UNFPA, 2003).CHAPTER ONE
REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE
DATA ANALYSIS AND PRESENTATION
DISCUSSION OF FINDINGS, SUMMARY AND CONCLUSION
The Assessment of Midwives Responses to Obstetrics Emergencies