+234 813 0686 500
+234 809 3423 853
info@grossarchive.com

Aspects of Èfîk Phonology

  • Type:Project
  • Pages:159
  • Format:Microsoft Word
(Linguistics and Communication Project Topics & Materials)

The Èfik language is a Lower Cross language spoken in Cross River State of Nigeria. The study examines the segmental, suprasegmental and phonological processes of the Èfîk languge to establish the exact phonemic status of thelanguage with spectographic evidence. Goldsmith's Autosegmental phonology (1976) is adopted as the theoretical frame. A reduced SIL Comparative African Wordlist was used as our Wordlist. The list was administered on informants and their utterances were recorded with a midget Panasonic recording. The recorded utterances were digitally transferred into Praat software and converted to wavefiled. Complex and difficult sounds were selected for spectographic analysis to confirm their acoustic features. Survey and stratification methods were used in dividing Èfîk area into three cells based on similar linguistics features. Thirty native speakers were selected for this study using random sampling technique. Findings from this study show that Èfik has 23 phonetic consonants and 9 phonetic vowels. There are 21 phonemic segments in Èfîk: 15 consonants and 6 vowels. The language has two distinctive tones: high and Low. Other tones are modifications of the high low tone sequences. Èfik tones undergo delinking and linking processes. The language maintains simple syllable structures: (N) (C) V, with either vowel or syllabic Nasal constituting the peak. Assimilation is common in all phonological processes and homoganicity is observed. Intra-word deletion is attested in the language. Consonants/vowel ambivalence causes labialisation, palatalization and glide formation. It is suggested that further research be carried out on other aspects of Èfîk such as morphophonology and morphosyntax.



Table of content

Declaration

Certification

Dedication

Acknowledgements

Abstract

List of tables

List of figures

Key to symbols and notations

Chapter one: Background to the study

1.0 introduction

1.1 Background to the study

1.1.1 the history of the Èfîk Language and it's speakers

1.1.2 language classification

1.2 statement of the problem

1.3 Objectives of the study

1.4 Research questions

1.5 significance of the study

1.6 Scope of the study

1.7 delimitations of the study

1.8 Definitions of basic terms

Chapter two: Literature review and theoretical framework

2.0 introduction

2.1 review of related literature

2.1.1 relevant works in related language

2.1.2 phonetics and phonology of language

2.1.3 the segments

The consonant

Vowels

Suprasegments

Tone 

Syllable structure

2.1.5 phonological processes

Phonemic analysis

Theoretical framework

2.2.1 Autosegmental theory

Summary and gap

Chapter three: Research methodology

3.0 introduction

3.1 research design

Area of the study

Population of the study

Sampling procedures and sampled size

Research instruments

Method of data collection

Method of data analysis

Chapter four: data presentation, analyses and discussion of findings

4.0 introduction

4.1 data presentation of Èfîk consonants

4.1.1 Data analysis of Èfîk consonants

4.2 Data presentation of Èfik vowels

4.3 Data presentation of Èfik syllable

4.3.1 Data analysis of Èfîk syllable

4.3.2Tones in Èfîk

4.4 Phonological processes

4.5 Discussion of findings


Chapter five: summary, conclusion and recommendations

5.0 Introduction

5.1 summary

5.2 conclusion

5.3 Recommendations

References

Appendices

Aspects of Èfîk Phonology

Share This

Details

Type Project
Department Linguistics and Communication
Project ID LAC0092
Price ₦3,000 ($20)
No of Pages 159 Pages
Format Microsoft Word

500
Leave a comment...

    Details

    Type Project
    Department Linguistics and Communication
    Project ID LAC0092
    Price ₦3,000 ($20)
    No of Pages 159 Pages
    Format Microsoft Word

    Related Works

    INTRODUCTION 1.1 General Introduction This study discusses the phonology of Bànsárà language, a language spoken in Ogoja Local Government Area of Cross-River state, Nigeria. Phonology is that branch of linguistics that studies the organization of speech sounds in human language. It is the component of grammar that accounts for the general... Continue Reading
    CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION General Background This study examines aspects of Kuturmi phonology, a language spoken in some parts of Kaduna State of Nigeria by a population of about fourteen thousand speakers 14,000. (Vision accessed 19th Jan, 2010). Phonology is a branch of linguistics which investigates the ways in which sounds are used... Continue Reading
    CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.0General Background This research work focuses on the phonology of Adim language spoken in Akankpa Local Government Area of Cross-river State, Nigeria. Adim lies in the Northern part of the forest belt of Southern Nigeria. Adim shares boundary with Ugep in the North and Idomi in the east, both... Continue Reading
    ASPECT OF THE PHONOLOGY OF YUKUBEN  CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.0     GENERAL BACKGROUND           This research focuses on the phonology of Yukuben, a language spoken by about 25,000 speakers in Sabongida Yukuben of Takum Local Government Area in the east of Taraba State in Nigeria, and North West Province, Menchum division, west of... Continue Reading
    This research focuses on the phonology of Yukuben, a language spoken by about 25,000 speakers in Sabongida Yukuben of Takum Local Government Area in the east of Taraba State in Nigeria, and North West Province, Menchum division, west of Furu-Awa, near Nigeria border in Cameroon. In the absence of a population census, a rough estimate would put... Continue Reading
    ASPECTS  OF MIGILI  MORPHOLOGY CHAPTER ONE 1.0                GENERAL INTRODUCTION Language is the universal fabric that holds every individual of a community together.  An instrument, used by man for communication within his environment, without which there would be no meaningful relationship between the human world.  Language... Continue Reading
    This research is aimed at describing an aspect of syntax of Kaninkon language. And our focus is negation in the language. Kaninkon is a language spoken in Jema’a local government area of Kaduna State, Nigeria. The native speakers call themselves kyung (Kaninkon). Although, the Kaninkon is not a major group in Nigeria, yet the speakers are found... Continue Reading
     CHAPTER ONE                                       INTRODUCTION 1.0.    General Background           This chapter introduces the language of study, the people speaking the language and their geographical location. It introduces us to the background of the speakers of the... Continue Reading
    CHAPTER ONE GENERAL INTRODUCTION 1.1              Introduction The chapter introduces us to the general background, historical background, socio-cultural profile and genetic classification of the Gùngáwá people. It also includes the scope and organization of study, theoretical framework, data analysis... Continue Reading
    CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION General Background This research work is based on the aspects of morphology of Koro language. By Morphology we mean the study of words formation rules in languages, Bushman (1976:314), says it is “the study of forms”, and also the study of word structures and description of the minimal, meaningful forms in a language.... Continue Reading