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INTEREST RATE AS A DETERMINING FACTOR IN THE GROWTH OF SAVINGS AND INVESTMENT IN NIGERIA: (A CASE STUDY OF UNION BANK OF NIGERIA PLC.)

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  • Pages:98
  • Format:Microsoft Word
(Banking and Finance Project Topics & Materials)
ABSTRACT
The introduction of interest rate was first abolished during the medieval time and was legal in 1545 by King Henry VIII who abolished the usury laws and was later condemned.  The central Bank of Nigeria later introduced interest rate deregulation into the monetary system, which was a part of the structural adjustment program (SAP) announced by the Head of State in July 1986.  Interest rate world over, is the price of capital and constitute a return on capital for the lender or saver and ca therefore be used for several purposes including the reduction of inflation, promotion of capital flow and discouragement of capital flight.
With the deregulation of interest rates and the attendant competition on rate paid for deposits banks can now offer any rate to their customers within the range prescribed by the Central Bank of Nigeria.
This will help increase the growth of savings and investment or the freedom could also lead to increase in the cost of fund.  In the economy, the higher cost of fund that will result may further stifle recuperating industries whose problems of low capacity utilization have been attributed to the high cost of borrowing.  This will be particularly harsh on many small-scale operators.
It will be slated here that this study was made based on the major objectives of this project, which are;
(1) To determine the effect of interest on savings and investment.
(2) And to look into the policies in the country with a view to identifying their shortcomings and through its findings proffer some practical guide, which can be employed to accelerate the growth of saving and investment in Nigeria.
In chapter one, we are trying to explain the origin of interest rate, the objectives, the significance of interest rate on savings and investment, the scope of the study and finally the hypothesis, which will prove that interest rate really has an effect on savings and investment.
In chapter two, quite a lot was revealed because this is the body of the project.  Various theories were proved to show that interest has an effect on savings and investment like the Keynes modern classical theory.  This chapter was is also talking on how the central bank helps in the development of interest rate structure in Nigeria and the various policies that the Central Bank introduced to help in regulation of interest rate.
Chapter three is going to talk on the methodology, the type of data, research design and how the data will be analyzed, the type of data used is secondary data based on the documents available in the CBN and financial yearbook for various years.
The data also is from commercial bank deposit liabilities as well as their loan and advance.
In chapter four, we are going to analyze using regression analysis to see whether or not there is relationship between interest rate and loans and advances and between deposit and interest rate, then we test the hypothesis.
The final chapter comprised of the summary of findings, recommendations and conclusion.
As I said earlier, that this research work has been carried out on the objective of establishing a relationship between three variables; interest rate savings and investment.
In summary, we found out that the deregulation led to an increase in deposits and loans and advances than the regulated policy of interest rate.  It was also found out that while savers reacted positively whenever the rate of interest rises, the borrowers reacted negatively when the rate of interest rises.
The following recommendations have been made to enable government use the interest rate as a weapon on the accelerating the growth at savings and investment.
Finally, government should review all the interest rate policies since their inception of banking business in Nigeria till date.  There is the need to encourage activities in manufacturing firms so as to increase the quantity of goods produced.
In order to conclude this project, we started by saying that interest rate is one of the various instruments of monetary policy used by the central bank to ensure the realization of objectives like, low inflation, full employment, balance of payment equilibrium and a satisfactory rate of growth of real income.  And that interest rate has also been identified as a factor that determines the level of savings and investment.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
TITLE PAGE I
APPROVAL PAGE II
DEDICATION III
ACKNOWLEDGEMENT IV
ABSTRACT VII
TABLE OF CONTENTS XI
CHAPTER ONE
1.1 INTRODUCTION 1
1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM 6
1.3 OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY 7
1.4 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY 8
1.5 RESEARCH HYPOTHESES 9
1.6 SCOPE OF STUDY 10
1.7 DEFINITIONS OF TERMS 10
REFERENCES 12

CHAPTER TWO
LITERATURE REVIEW 13
2.1 THEORIES OF INTEREST RATE 13
2.1.1 THE CLASSICAL THEORY OF INTEREST RATE 14
2.1.2 KEYNESIAN THEORY OF THE INTEREST RATE 15
2.1.3 THE GENERAL EQUILIBRIUM APPROACH (MODERN)19
2.2 FACTORS WHICH CAUSE VARIATION IN THE INTEREST RATE STRUCTURE 21
2.3 THE CONCEPT OF SAVINGS AND INVESTMENT 23
2.4 FACTORS WHICH INFLUENCE SAVINGS AND INVESTMENT 28
2.5 HOW THE INTEREST RATE DETERMINES LEVEL OF SAVINGS AND INVESTMENT 31
2.6 THE SUPPLY OF SAVINGS 33
2.7 THE PROBLEM OF BANK LENDING AND DEPOSIT IN Nigeria 34
2.8 EFFECTS OF INTEREST RATE POLICIES ON NIGERIAN ECONOMY 38

CHAPTER THREE
3.1 RESEARCH METHODOLOGY 45
3.2 RESEARCH DESIGN 45
3.3 TYPES OF DATA 46
3.4 SOURCES OF DATA 46
3.5 METHOD OF DATA ANALYSIS 47

CHAPTER FOUR
4.1 DATA ANALYSIS AND FINDINGS 49
4.2 DETERMINATION OF THE EFFECT OF INTEREST RATE ON LOANS AND ADVANCES 49
4.3 INTERPRETATION OF ANALYSIS 56
4.4 DETERMINATION OF THE EFFECT OF INTEREST RATE ON DEPOSITS 57
4.5 TESTING AND INTERPRETATION OF HYPOTHESIS59

CHAPTER FIVE
5.1 SUMMARY 78
5.2 RECOMMENDATIONS 81
5.3 CONCLUSION
5.4 SUGGESTIONS 83
REFERENCES 84
BIBLIOGRAPHY 85
APPENDIX
QUESTIONNAIRE 89

INTEREST RATE AS A DETERMINING FACTOR IN THE GROWTH OF SAVINGS AND INVESTMENT IN NIGERIA: (A CASE STUDY OF UNION BANK OF NIGERIA PLC.)

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Details

Type Project
Department Banking and Finance
Project ID BFN1117
Price ₦3,000 ($9)
No of Pages 98 Pages
Format Microsoft Word

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    Details

    Type Project
    Department Banking and Finance
    Project ID BFN1117
    Price ₦3,000 ($9)
    No of Pages 98 Pages
    Format Microsoft Word

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