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RAINFALL ANALYSIS FOR FOOD PRODUCTION IN THE SUDAN REGION OF NIGERIA

  • Type:Project
  • Pages:58
  • Format:Microsoft Word
(Agriculture Project Topics & Materials)
ABSTRACT

Recurrent drought and decrease agricultural productivity during the last decades in West Africa, especially in the Sahelian zone, points to the need for a clearer understanding of the Onset dates, Cessation dates, Length of growing season, dry spell lengths and their consistencies, which pose major threats to the agricultural sector.
Daily rainfall data for ten (10) years were analyzed for eight (8) meteorological stations in the Sudan Savanna region of Nigeria, with the application of INSTAT software package obtained from the UK Met office. The onset dates were gotten based on the four (4) onset definitions as defined by the package.  Onset dates was also determined based on Omotosho’s definition (2000).  The deviations of the four (4) onset definitions from Omotosho’s definition were gotten, so as to know the reliability of these definitions.
The cessation of rain was also determined using the water balance sheet. The first day when the water balance sheet drops to zero, after first of October was taken as the cessation.   The length of the growing season was also determined, this shows a decrease northward.  Also obtained was the overall chance of rain based on the Markov chain (fitted) model. Result shows two peaks for some stations, and just a single for some.
Also determined, was the probability of having a 7 and 11 days dry spell following 30 days after planting. This shows that the risk of having 11 days dry spell is very low after 30 days from planting. The risk for 7 days spell also decreased, but not as rapid as that of 11 days.

TABLE OF CONTENTS
Title Page                                                                                                        
Certification                                                                                                      
Dedication                                                                                                         
Acknowledgement                                                                                            
Content                                                                                                              
Abstract                                                                                                             

CHAPTER ONE
1.0 Introduction                                                                                                 
1.1 Aims and Objectives                                                                                   

CHAPTER TWO
2.0 Literature Review                                                                                        

CHAPTER THREE 
3.0 Study Area                                                                                                   
3.1 Data and Methodology                                                                                

CHAPTER FOUR
4.0    Result and Discussion                                                                                  
4.1    Results                                                                                                          
4.1.1 Onset of Rain                                                                                             
4.1.2 Cessation of Rain                                                                                       
4.1.3 Length of Growing Season                                                                        
4.1.4 Overall Chance of Rain (Markov Chain Fitted Model)                             
4.1.5 Dry Spells and their Consistencies                                                            

CHAPTER FIVE
5.0 Conclusion and Recommendation                                                                 
5.1 Conclusion                                                                                                     
5.2 Recommendation                                                                                           
References                 

RAINFALL ANALYSIS FOR FOOD PRODUCTION IN THE SUDAN REGION OF NIGERIA

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Details

Type Project
Department Agriculture
Project ID AGR0217
Price ₦3,000 ($9)
No of Pages 58 Pages
Format Microsoft Word

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    Details

    Type Project
    Department Agriculture
    Project ID AGR0217
    Price ₦3,000 ($9)
    No of Pages 58 Pages
    Format Microsoft Word

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