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ELECTRONIC COMMERCE AND CUSTOMERS SATISFACTION (A CASE OF JUMIA CUSTOMERS IN BENIN CITY)

  • Type:Project
  • Chapters:5
  • Pages:82
  • Methodology:Descriptive Statistic
  • Reference:YES
  • Format:Microsoft Word
(Business Administration and Management Project Topics & Materials)
ELECTRONIC COMMERCE AND CUSTOMERS SATISFACTION
(A CASE OF JUMIA CUSTOMERS IN BENIN CITY)
ABSTRACT

The study examines the role of electronic commerce in improving customers satisfaction. Using Jumia customers in Benin city, it sought to ascertain if there is a significant relationship between electronic commerce and customers satisfaction
A survey research design was used for the study, the population of the study is made up of all Jumia customers in Benin city. A convenience sampling technique was adopted and a sample size of sixty (60) was used. Survey responses were fifty eight (58). In otherword  fifty eight(58) were used for the purpose if these study.
The finding reveals that product/service of e-commerce have a positive impact on customers satisfaction. The security features as well as the user interface of the electronic commerce also play a significant role towards improving customers satisfaction
TABLE OF CONTENTS
CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION
Background to the study    -    -
Statement of Research Problem    
Research Questions    
Objectives of the Study    
Research Hypothesis    
Significance Of The Study    
Scopes of the Study    
Limitations of the Study     
Definition of Terms.    
CHAPTER TWO: LITERATURE REVIEW
2.1 Introduction    
2.2 Conceptual Definitions of Electronic Commerce    
2.3. Evolution of Electronic Commerce     
2.4. Acceptance of Electronic Commerce     
2.5. Benefits of E-commerce    
2.6. E-commerce Information Management    
2.7. Electronic Commerce In Nigeria    
2.8. Review on Customers Satisfaction    
2.9. Customers E-royalty    
2.10. Summary Review on Factors Of Electronic Satisfaction    
CHAPTER THREE:  RESEARCH METHODOLOGY
Introduction    
Research Design    
Population And Sample Size    -
Operationalization And Measurement Of Variables    
Research Instrument
3.6.1. Validity and Reliability of Research Instrument    
3.7.      Sources of Data    
3.8.     Method of Data Analysis    
CHAPTER FOUR: DATA PRESENTATION AND ANALYSIS
4.1.    Introduction    -    -    
4.2.   Descriptive Statistics    -
4.3   Data Analysis and Presentation of Variables    -
4.4.   Reliability test    -    -
4.5.  Discussion of findings    
CHAPTER FIVE: SUMMARY OF FINDINGS, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION
5.1.   Introduction    -    
5.2. Summary of findings    
5.3. Conclusions    -    
5.4. Recommendations    -    -
5.4.1.   Policy recommendations    -    -
5.4.2. Recommendation for further studies    -    
Bibliography    -    
Appendix I    -    -    -    -
LIST OF TABLES
3.1 Operationalization Of Variables
4.1. Demographic profile of respondents    
4.2. Weighted average table for duration and frequency with Jumia
4.3. weighted average table for Jumia e-commerce products/services-    
4.4.  weigthed average table for security features of Jumia e-commerce-    
4.5.   weigthed average table for Jumia user interface    -    
4.6.  weigthed average table on role e-commerce play in
improving customers satisfaction    -    
4.7. Reliability test    -
CHAPTER ONE
INTRODUCTION
1.1. Background to the study
Recently, the population of internet users has been growing rapidly. The users of World Wide Web (WWW) have been growing at a geometrical rate that it have spread widely into all works of life. The use of the Internet is no longer limited to those computer literates who do it for fun or curiosity. It has created for it users a tremendous business opportunities
Customer satisfaction on the other hand is a key determining factor of the success of any business system, be it normal face to face buying and selling (traditional) or buying and selling through the use of  the internet, generally known as online stores (cyber shopping store).
It is the need to bridge the gap that existed between buyers and sellers and reduce the cost of moving goods from sellers to buyers especially when it involves transaction across nation, states or regions, that led to the invention of internet for transaction purposes (electronic business).
Electronic commerce, commonly known as E-commerce, is a subset of electronic business. E-commerce  is the exchange of goods or service through the use of the  computer networks, such as the Internet. E-commerce encompasses technologies such as inventory management systems, Internet marketing, automated data collection systems, electronic data interchange (EDI), mobile commerce, electronic funds transfer,   online transaction processing and supply chain management. Modern electronic commerce typically uses the World Wide Web for at least one part of its transaction life cycle, although it may also use other technologies such as e-mail. In otherwords e-commerce can simple be define as performing any form of business transactions in an electronic format.
The use of e-commerce may encourage acceptance and satisfaction of intentions and as such influence customers satisfaction and their behaviors towards an e-commerce website. Customer satisfaction is the gratification or pressure obtained by a customer from the supplied product/service. According to [Geyskens, Steenkamp, Scheer, and Kumar 1996], It is closely related to interpersonal trust
High level of customer satisfaction is most likely to bring about greater customer loyalty (Zins 2001). In other words, the impact of satisfaction on customer loyalty is that of complexity. Fisher [2001] is of the opinion that customer satisfaction is the major reason why people switch from different service providers/products. Previous studies have also shown customer satisfaction a one of the key factor that determines loyalty [Anderson and Lehmann 1994]. Anderson and Srinivasan [2003] e-Journal of Electronic Commerce Research, VOL 12, NO 1, 2011 Page 81, it was found that  trust and perceived value developed by a company, determines significantly the impact of satisfaction on commerce loyalty. Recent study by Cyr [2008], discovered that website satisfaction is strongly related to loyalty in three countries: Canada, Germany, and China.
Loyalty is generally been defined as the frequent buying or repeat purchase of related quantity of same brand of an item. According to Oliver [1997], it is "as a deeply held commitment to re-buy or re-patronize a preferred product/service consistently in the future, thereby causing repetitive in the same brand or same brand set purchasing, despite the fact that situational influences and marketing efforts have the potential to cause switching behavior". Customers loyalty in e-commerce is something to be considered of great important. Today, electronic commerce retailers (e-retailers) are searching for answers on how to make their customers loyal to them. Loyal customers do not only require more information themselves, but also serve as source of information to other customers.  Today, one of the major challenges business to customer e-commerce faces is building customer loyalty. Several antecedents of customer loyalty have been proposed. Customer satisfaction and trust have been recognized as a fore-requirement for patronage behavior [Pavlou 2003] and the development of long-term relationships with customers [Papadopoulou, Andreou, Kanellis, and Martakos 2001].
Kassim and Ismail [2009] discovered on their study that the quality of service and assurance by vendor’s  to their online customers, to great extent assist in building satisfaction and trust which in turn improves customer loyalty. These study therefore shall try to find out the roles electronic commerce play in improving customer satisfaction.
1.2. Statement of Research Problem
The development of electronic commerce activities, of which have brought about a transitional change from the traditional ways of conducting business, and as such creating a fundamental shift from the previous passive consumer to an active one and it is not only use in finding information about required product fast using the internet, but can also easily change any of the merchants. Therefore, in these modern (internet) time, compared to the traditional businesses, satisfying customers and cultivating customer loyalty for e-busnesses is paramount. A number of problems in e-commerce system performance have been observed mainly because of higher than anticipated loads and the consequent inability to satisfy customers requirements. As result a lot of studies have attempt in characterizing the performance of internet applications and web servers. Most online businesses that are unsuccessful is as a result of their failure to satisfy their customers. This is because most time, the expectations of the online customers is often higher and may not be the same with that of those using traditional marketing. Marketing wit the use of the internet therefore, brings about a new challenge to businesses as well as marketer all over the globe.
In addition, the current satisfactions and trust of customers in online shopping  is not high. Most of the Internet users have low trust on  the Internet, only but few of Internet users  trust the Internet. Previous study has shown that many Internet applications may impact on the popularity negatively, or might influence the non internet users to get involved with the internet. Furthermore, high school, collage, and university user shows high degree of trust towards the internet and most of these population have expressed their confident level towards the internet. Meanwhile for the bachelor degree holders, there trust on the internet for shopping have decreased to thirty percent (29.6%). China's recent Internet Development Statistics report shows that, the total number of Internet users in China as of January 2009 was up to 2.1 billion in overall satisfaction on the Internet, which account for only 40.7%, while, 47.3% in general, were not satisfied with the total 6.4% (CNNIC, 2009). In the end, the the focus of these study is to investigate the cause of the  current situation of online shopping users,  which include the low satisfaction of the Internet. Frederik Reichheld, an American scholar,  discovered that the profit can increase by 5% if the level of customer satisfaction increases by 25% - 100%. Anderson, Using Michigan University data in 2000, "Swedish Customer Satisfaction Index", shows the empirical studies on satisfaction and investment returns of 125 companies that 1% increase on customer satisfaction bring about a corresponding  average increase of 2.37% on ROI (Return On Investment)  On the contrary, each 1% reduction in customer satisfaction, will bring about 5.08% average decrease on ROI. In other words, there will be high ROI if  satisfaction were retained, whereas it will be low if otherwise. It is now obvious that, customer satisfaction is directly related to the corporate profits. Similarly, in e-business environment, there will be no customer satisfaction even if  you make the so called "good goods", it will not be sold, as it is doomed to fail if the customers are not satisfied. Enterprises should understand the reasons behind customer satisfaction or dissatisfaction, and also should analyze the implied forecast of potential demand, thus promoting the enterprises products and services, continuous improvement and innovation. Customer satisfaction is a dynamic and relative concept.
Today's customer is not satisfied with respect to terms yesterday, more does not mean that tomorrow you will get customers satisfied. E-commerce is made up of  a notable business ways and processes of conducting modern business transactions as many users are connected to online services through the use of the internet and other websites. Furthermore, building customer satisfaction is very important to help enhance repeat purchase and customers royalty.
1.3. Research Questions
Against this background, this study attempts to find answers to the following research questions
What impact does e-commerce products/services of Jumia have on customers' satisfaction?
What is the impact of e-commerce security features of Jumia have on customers satisfaction?
What impact does e-commerce user interface of Jumia have on customers satisfaction
How does Jumia e-commerce improve customer satisfaction in Benin city.?
1.4. Objectives of the Study
Arising from the above research questions are the objectives of the study. These objectives are to:
To determine the impact of e-commerce products/services of Jumia on customers satisfaction
To determine the impact of e-commerce security features of Jumia on customers satisfaction
To determine the impact of e-commerce user interface of Jumia on customers satisfaction
To determine the role of e-commerce in improving customer satisfaction.
1.5. Research Hypothesis
To achieve these objectives above, the following hypothesis are tested.
Hypothesis 1:
H0: E-commerce product/service of Jumia does not have significant impact on customer satisfactions.
H1: E-commerce product/service of Jumia have a significant impact on customer satisfaction.
Hypothesis 2
H0: E-commerce security feature of Jumia does not have significant impact on customer satisfaction.
H1: E-commerce security feature of Jumia have significant impact on customer satisfaction.
Hypothesis 3
H0: E-commerce user interface of Jumia  does not have significant impact on customer satisfaction.
HI: E-commerce user interface of Jumia have significant impact on customer satisfaction
1.6. Significance of the Study
This study is very important because it assessed significance of e-commerce on customers’ satisfaction. Today E-commerce is a welcome development and also its impact on the general public is expected to be positive and yielding fruit to any economy. So this research is significant in so many ways.
It try to uncover those actors that are preventing e-businesses by putting effective and sustained e-commerce in place. Using e-commerce as a strategic tool will make a provision on how general electronic trading can embrace opportunities and reduce threats in any business environment. This will provide a means through which e- commerce can improve their performance, increase profitability and also increase their chances of survival. It will encourage/propel commerce and other economic agents to computerize their services.
It will provide advanced Knowledge in the area of electronic commerce in Nigeria. Furthermore, to sustain effective e-commerce in Nigeria, certain strategic measures will be revealed in order to reduce negative effects of the problems identified as obstacles to the smooth functioning of the system.
The study shall provide a conceptual assessment on the nature of e- commerce. It shall ascertain the role of e-commerce in improving customer satisfaction in Benin city. And also shall provide information  to organizations, Business managers and IT professionals,  in Benin city on e-commerce
1.7.  Scopes of the Study
This research work examines electronic commerce and customers’ satisfaction with a view to explore Jumia as selected company. It studies customers satisfaction towards e-commerce using Jumia customers in Benin city as a case study. And it looked on the role that e-commerce play towards improving customer services in Benin city. It also provides a conceptual assessment on the nature of e-commerce and those factors that determine customer satisfaction in e-commerce
1.8.  Limitations to the Study
•         The study is limited  to Jumia customers in Benin city only .
•         The study is based upon the consumer behaviors of online shopping.
•        The data collected for the purpose of these study is fully on primary data directly from the respondents, and as such, there is chance for personal bias. So the accuracy is not certain
1.9. Definition of Terms
E-commerce: E-commerce is the exchange of products/services or the transmitting or transferring of funds as well as  data, using an electronic network, such as the internet. Electronic commerce encompasses such technologies like Internet marketing, mobile commerce, electronic funds transfer, online transaction processing, supply chain management, ,  inventory management systems, automated data collection systems and electronic data interchange (EDI). Modern electronic commerce typically uses the World Wide Web for at least one part of it transaction's life cycle, it may also use such technologies like e-mail.
Customers satisfaction: Customer is satisfied when a products or services meet the customers expectations. It is pivotal  that consumers are satisfied with the products and services provided by a particular website, because a satisfied customers are likely to be loyal and as such make repetitive purchases that will increase profitability of that particular e-commerce company
Royalty: Royalty is  customers favourable attitude towards a company product that resulted to a repeated buying behaviour
Cyber shopping stores: Simple known as cyber shops, it is Web site that allows customers to browse and purchase goods or services from a seller over the internet using a web browser.
Information Technology (IT): This represents set of tools, processes, and methodologies and its associated equipment used in collecting processing and presenting informatios

ELECTRONIC COMMERCE AND CUSTOMERS SATISFACTION (A CASE OF JUMIA CUSTOMERS IN BENIN CITY)
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Details

Type Project
Department Business Administration and Management
Project ID BAM1510
Price ₦3,000 ($9)
Chapters 5 Chapters
No of Pages 82 Pages
Methodology Descriptive Statistic
Reference YES
Format Microsoft Word

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    Details

    Type Project
    Department Business Administration and Management
    Project ID BAM1510
    Price ₦3,000 ($9)
    Chapters 5 Chapters
    No of Pages 82 Pages
    Methodology Descriptive Statistic
    Reference YES
    Format Microsoft Word

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