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THE IMPACT OF IFRSS AND FINANCIAL REPORTING QUALITY IN NIGERIA BANKS

  • Type:Project
  • Chapters:5
  • Pages:95
  • Methodology:Chi Square
  • Reference:YES
  • Format:Microsoft Word
(Accounting Project Topics & Materials)
THE IMPACT OF IFRSS AND FINANCIAL REPORTING QUALITY IN NIGERIA BANKS   
Abstract

This study examined and assesses post implementation challenges of IFRS in Nigeria banking industry, Provide measures for ameliorating the challenges confronting implementation of IFRS. Specifically, this study is designed to: to examine whether the International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) in Nigeria has improved the quality of financial reporting in Nigerian banks, to find out role the of IFRS play in banking institutions in Nigeria, to determine whether IFRS adoption and implementation has been made positive impact in Nigeria.
. For the purpose of this study a research design was adopted by which questionnaires are designed and administered to employees of randomly selected banks in Nigeria. The data collected were presented in percentages, presented in tables and analysed using “Chi-Square test of independence” to test the relationship between the variables in the hypothesis.
The finding of this study are To achieve this ultimate goal, the study revealed that: IFRS aid quality financial statement in the Nigeria banking industry, IFRS improve the quality of financial reporting in the Nigeria banks,  IFRS play a very significant role in the banking institution in Nigeria,  IFRS and quality financial reporting has strengthen the international labor market, IFRS and quality financial reporting has improve calculation of tax liabilities.
    CHAPTER ONE
                    INTRODUCTION
1.1 Background of the Study
 International Financial Reporting Standard (IFRS) are designed as a global language for business affairs to enhance understanding and comparability across international boundaries. Most countries of the world have various national standard which differs according to there environmental peculiarity. As a result of global international trade, a set of globally acceptable accounting standard is desirable (Ball 2006). IFRS is a single set of high quality, globally accepted accounting standard that enhances comparability of financial reporting across the globe, which could result in better investment decision and optimal allocation of resources across the global economy (Jacob and Madu, 2009).
 The drive behind adoption of IFRS in Nigerian banks is to harmonize financial reporting across the globe especially in banks with international branches smooth transition, including attracting foreign direct investment, reduction of the cost of doing business, and cross border listing. IFRS formally known as IAS was first issue in 1973 by International Accounting Standard Committee. In 2003, the first IFRS was issued. Given the numerous benefits of IFRS, which span beyond harmonization and easy comparability of financial reports of organization across the globe, the Nigerian corporate environment embraced it adoption since January 2012 to unite with the global need for it adoption, this  transition needed to be carefully executed in a logical manner to ensure smooth, transparent and truthful compliance. It must be stressed that the transition process till this moment involves key stakeholders such as educators, professional bodies, preparers, users, regulators and auditors. The ability to identify the challenges and how to address such challenges has ensured smooth transition and adoption.
 This led to transition from the local standard (SAS) to IFRS, The primary objective of the accounting standards is to enable corporations to provide investors and creditors with relevant, reliable and timely information which is in line with the IASB’s accounting framework for the preparation and presentation of Financial Statements. Such information, it is argued, contributes towards the achievement of orderly capital markets around the world Imhoff (2003:117).
1.2 Statement of Research Problem
 The practical challenges in Nigeria as a result of implementing IFRS are to be identified and addressed in order to benefit fully from the introduction of IFRS. These challenges have been identified by previous studies conducted by scholars such as: (Alp and Ustundag, 2009): potential knowledge shortfall, (Li and Meeks, 2006): legal system effect, (Shleifer and Vishny, 2003): tax system effect, (Irvine and Lucas, 2006): education and training, (Martins, 2011): enforcement and compliance mechanism.
 In spite the opportunities from the adoption of International Financial Reporting Standard by most countries, the procedure for adoption suffers a set back in Nigeria. These include; cost implication suffered by the users of IFRS, technicality in the method and strategy for adoption, inadequate capacity building for transition, all of which reflected the low level of preparedness by government and users of the standard for smooth transition. Nigeria embraced IFRS in order to participate in the benefits it offers, including attracting foreign direct investment, reduction of the cost of doing business, and cross border listing. In implementing IFRS, Nigeria is confronted with challenges including the development of a legal and regulatory framework, awareness campaign, and training of personnel.
The above problems are to be looked into in this research work and possible solutions will be adequately provided.
From the above problems the following research questions has been extracted,  
1.  Does International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) in Nigeria improved the quality of financial reporting in Nigerian banks?
2.     Does IFRS play any significant role in banking institutions in Nigeria?
3.     Has there been effective implementation and adoption of IFRS in Nigerian banks?
 1.3 Objectives of the Study
 This study examined and assesses post implementation challenges of IFRS in Nigeria banking industry, Provide measures for ameliorating the challenges confronting implementation of IFRS. Specifically, this study is designed to:
1.     To examine whether the International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) in Nigeria has improved the quality of financial reporting in Nigerian banks.
2.     To find out role the of IFRS play in banking institutions in Nigeria.
3.     To determine whether IFRS adoption and implementation has been made positive impact in Nigeria.
1.4 Research Hypotheses
Based on the objectives of the study and the research questions for which answers were intended from the findings of the study, three hypotheses were formulated and stated in their null form:  
H1:     IFRS does not aid the quality of financial reporting in Nigerian banks
H2:     IFRS does not play any significant role in banking institutions in Nigeria.
H3:     There is no significance relationship between effective implementation and adoption of IFRS in Nigerian banks
1.5 Scope of the Study
This study examines and attempts to assess the impact of international financial reporting standards in the financial reporting system of Nigeria banks. In the course of this study questionnaires will be administered to employees of some randomly selected banks quoted in the Nigeria stock exchange and this include:
First Bank Plc, University of Benin, Benin City
Zenith Bank, University of Benin, Benin City.
GT Bank, University of Benin, Benin City.
Access Bank, University of Benin, Benin City.
Fidelity Bank, University of Benin, Benin City.
1.6    Significance of the Study
 Since every decision has cost and benefit, this research is designed to embrace International Financial Reporting Standard (IFRS), identify its benefits as well as addressing the challenges faced after it implementation to improving the quality of financial reporting in Nigerian banks. The local standard seems out of date and may not be sufficiently comprehensive to form a basis for preparation of high quality financial statements with international standard. The adoption of IFRS has therefore resulted in high quality, transparent and comparable financial statements that are based on modern accounting principles and concepts applied globally. This study empowers investors and analysts in making easier comparisons across firms of the world as well as ensuring that management stewardship functions are dully performed.
 This research examined challenges to provide required knowledge that enables firms to adjust timely to the new accounting standard. This research is therefore of immense benefit to shareholders, management, researchers, analyst, as well as regulator and legal institutions. As such, this research has contributed positively to the body of knowledge on IFRS implementation benefits, challenges and improvement to its adoption.
 1.7 Limitation of the Study
This research work could have covered all public quoted companies listed in the Nigeria stock exchange but due to uncooperative attitude of respondents in making relevant information available which is considered confidential and might be detrimental to their operation, climate conditions, distance and other academic workload could not make this possible and also the period within which the study is conducted is short for a thorough research work, hence gathering adequate information becomes very difficult. And
finally, lack of materials on the topic due to the fact that IFRS was adopted only in 2012 by Nigerian banks in its financial reporting system. Therefore, the researcher resolved to seek friendly approach in order to obtain the needed materials or information from the banks under study through the administration of questionnaire.

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Details

Type Project
Department Accounting
Project ID ACC1627
Price ₦3,000 ($9)
Chapters 5 Chapters
No of Pages 95 Pages
Methodology Chi Square
Reference YES
Format Microsoft Word

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    Details

    Type Project
    Department Accounting
    Project ID ACC1627
    Price ₦3,000 ($9)
    Chapters 5 Chapters
    No of Pages 95 Pages
    Methodology Chi Square
    Reference YES
    Format Microsoft Word

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