+234 813 0686 500
+234 809 3423 853
info@grossarchive.com

UNEMPLOYMENT AND IT'S EFFECTS ON NIGERIA YOUTHS

  • Type:Project
  • Chapters:5
  • Pages:65
  • Format:Microsoft Word
(Sociology Project Topics & Materials)

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1   BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY

Current World Population include an estimated 1.2 billion young people between the ages of 15 and 24 years, which is about 24.7% of the world’s working age population. Worldwide youth unemployment is high, almost three times higher than the adult unemployment rate. With the economic downturn, the worldwide youth unemployment is expected to reach 25% in 2012 (International Labour Organisation, 2008).

In certain parts of the world, especially Sub-Saharan, African, youth unemployment rates can be as high as 60%. More than one third of the young people in the world are unemployed, have completely given up looking for a job or are working but still living below the $2 a day poverty line (International Labour Organisation), or have migrated. Young job seekers face increasing difficulties finding work in the current economic scenario and these have resulted in several social phenomena in the society.

Nigeria is the most populous country in Africa and the eighth most populous country in the world with a population of 154, 729,000 citizens. Our nominal GDP is $207.166 billion and we have a nominal per capita income of $140,011. Nigeria also has the second largest economy in Africa, if I may ask, is this country not blessed? Yet, it is still plagued by youth unemployment which had been one of our major problems in recent years. Both government and the private sector had discussed this issue at forums and conferences but have not found a solution to it. Its continued existence has been linked to lack of power supply and financial empowerment for youths.

Youth unemployment in Nigeria is mostly referred to as graduate unemployment and this means that only the skilled youths are seen as unemployed while the unskilled youths are not given any consideration. However, youths are not a homogenous group and their employment prospects differ according to numerous factors ranging from region to gender to schooling. These phenomena have pushed the Nigerian yoiuths to a stage of anomie and they have adopted dysfunctional methods, such as: armed robbery, prostitution, terrorism, kidnapping, thuggery, militancy, internet scam, fraudulent acts, and so on, in order to cope with the increasing trend of economy meltdown in the country.

This research will x-ray how the impact of unemployment in Nigeria has severely affected youths, using a case study of Ibesikpo Asutan Local Government Area of Akwa Ibom State. The study will examine the rural and urban population of people living in the area responses to unemployment predicaments and their differential variables.

1.2   STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM

Ibesikpo Asutan Local Government is an area with an increasing population of 137,100 thousand people, (National Planning Commission, 2006). The population is growing at a very fast rate with large unemployment youths living together in the population. Due to high level of unemployment in the Local Government Area, people have adopted dysfunctional methods such as pick-pocketing, kidnapping, assassination, political thuggery, prostitution, defrauding and so on, in order to provide themselves with income and enhances their societal survival.

People living in Ibesikpo Asutan Local Government Area see these dysfunctional methods as an alternative to their unemployment status in the area, as the government have failed to provide the unemployment opportunities needed as one of the basic necessity in life.

Base on the above statements, many questions arise like, why is the rate of unemployment at an alarming rate in Ibesikpo Local Government Area; despite the area richness in mineral and natural resources, and what are the destructive effect of these social phenomena to the people of Ibesikpo Asutan Local Government Area?

1.3   RESEARCH QUESTIONS

This study will provide answers to the following research questions;

  1. What is the extent of youth employment in Ibesikpo Asutan Local Government Area?
  2. What are the consequences of youth employment in the area?

iii.     How is the Government tackling the unemployment plague in Ibesikpo Asutan Local Government Area?

  1. In what ways has the unemployment rate relates to the high rate of social vices in Ibesikpo Asutan Local Government Area?
  2. What are the effects of youths unemployment in urban and rural areas of the Local Government.

1.4   OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY

The Main objective of the study is to critically examine how unemployment can affect the outcome of youth social behaviour and characteristics in the society. In line with the statement of problems, the study will also seek to achieve the following minor objectives:

  1. To investigate the effect of unemployment on youth activities in Ibesikpo Asutan Local Government Area.
  2. To unravel various social phenomena that unemployment is the causative factor in Ibesikpo Asutan Local Government Area.

iii.     To review Akwa Ibom State Government strategies concerning youth unemployment in Ibesikpo Asutan Local Government Area.

  1. To find out the different variables between urban and rural youth unemployment in Ibesikpo Asutan Local Government Area.
  2. To help provide various methods to reduce youth unemployment in Ibesikpo Asutan Local Government Area.

1.5   STATEMENT OF HYPOTHESES

Two hypotheses will be tested in this study. These include:

  1. There is no significance relationship between unemployment and youth activities.
  2. There is no significance effect between unemployment and social vices in Ibesikpo Asutan Local Government Area.

1.6   SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY

This study will be beneficial in many ways; it will serve as a tool for further research work for other researchers who will endeavour to carry out research in the same field in future. The study will help government to provide profer solutions as regard unemployment and its effects on youths in Ibesikpo Asutan Local Government Area in particular, and Nigeria as a whole. It will further help scholars towards the advancement of knowledge, such as reference material, term paper topic, symposium and seminar presentation.

The study will serve as a guide and important tool in the fight against high level of unemployment. It will also serve as a base or premises for other researchers to challenge, amend, and provide corrections to the research work. The study will provide answers to various arms of governments in Nigeria about unemployment and its causative factors in the society, especially the youths.

1.7   LIMITATION/SCOPE OF THE STUDY

The study will be restricted to Ibesikpo Asutan Local Government, which comprises urban and rural areas. It will restrict itself to one urban centre of Nung Udoe. And rural areas like Obot Idim, Okop Ndua Erong and Obio Aduang.

The study will familiarized itself with various conceptual words, such as unemployment, types of unemployment, youths, Nigeria, Ibesikpo Asutan, poverty, kidnapping, armed robbery among others.

The study will adopt Anomy Model postulated by Emile Durkheim as the theoretical framework for the research.

1.8   JUSTIFICATION OF THE STUDY

Various researchers have conducted research works on unemployment and its effects on youth in the society. For instance, International Labour Organisation (2010) found out that 35 countries for which data exist, nearly 40% of job seekers have been without work for more than one year and therefore run significant risks of demoralization, loss of self-esteem and mental health problems. More importantly, young people are disproportionately hit by unemployment.

Also in a study conducted in the United States of America (U.S.A) by Thooker (2011) shows that unemployment in the U.S currently stands at an eye-popping of 9.6%. There is 4 out of 10 Americans who want to work but unable to find a job. The situation is particularly affect the citizens who have been out of work for a long time and have therefore lost unemployment benefits that have expired. This situation has forced American government to budget more on social welfare packages for these unemployed youths, and therefore, causing strains on the other sectors of American economy.

White and Wyn (2004), postulates that unemployment is a single factor that affects young people, their families and communities. Today, youth unemployment has become a serious issue all over the world; approximately half of the unemployment group is of youth.

In Nigeria, Awogbenle and Iwoamadi (2010) concluded that youth unemployment was an impeding factor of developing economies. They argued that the situation had become more pathetic for hunting jobs not only for experienced and educated youth. They suggested juveniles to be self-employed through entrepreneurial process rather than to serve others.

Base on the above literature, non of the studies have given comparative analysis concerning unemployment and its effects on youths in contemporary Nigeria.

This is why I had decided to focus my consequences on the contemporary societies using a case study of Ibesikpo Asutan Local Government Area of Akwa Ibom State.

  • DEFINITION OF CONCEPTS UNEMPLOYMENT

In economics, unemployment refers to the condition and extent of joblessness within an economy, and is measured in terms of the unemployment rate, which is the number of unemployed persons divided by the total civilian labour force. Hence, unemployment is the condition of not having a job often referred to as being out of work, or unemployed. The history of unemployment is the history of industrialization.

UNEMPLOYMENT AND IT'S EFFECTS ON NIGERIA YOUTHS

Share This

Details

Type Project
Department Sociology
Project ID SOC0202
Price ₦3,000 ($9)
Chapters 5 Chapters
No of Pages 65 Pages
Format Microsoft Word

500
Leave a comment...

    Details

    Type Project
    Department Sociology
    Project ID SOC0202
    Price ₦3,000 ($9)
    Chapters 5 Chapters
    No of Pages 65 Pages
    Format Microsoft Word

    Related Works

    CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1   BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY Current World Population include an estimated 1.2 billion young people between the ages of 15 and 24 years, which is about 24.7% of the world’s working age population. Worldwide youth unemployment is high, almost three times higher than the adult unemployment rate. With the economic... Continue Reading
    ABSTRACT The problems of unemployment of youth in Nigeria are increasing in an unprecedented rate. Unemployment is a situation whereby able bodied men who are willing to work could not get suitable job to do. The problems of unemployment have been found to be affecting both the skilled and unskilled persons in Nigeria. More especially, as it... Continue Reading
    CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1    BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY The issue of unemployment on youths can not be overemphasized like (2009), posited that ‘Nigeria as a country is often described as a rich country majority of poor citizen where 50% of the citizen live below poverty level. Unemployment has been a problem in Nigeria especially since... Continue Reading
    IN OREDO LGA OF EDO STATE   ABSTRACT This research work was directed at the phenomenal of distress facing or affect the graduate in Benin City. The need for this study is to bring about a drastic reduction of unemployment in the country. Some of the objectives of this research is to find out why a large... Continue Reading
    ABSTRACT This research work was directed at the phenomenal of distress facing or affect the graduate in Benin City. The need for this study is to bring about a drastic reduction of unemployment in the country. Some of the objectives of this research is to find out why a large number... Continue Reading
    ABSTRACT Pornographic materials are the representation of erotic behaviors in books, pictures, statues, motion pictures etc. that is intended to cause sexual excitement. The effect of pornographic films on Nigeria youths was embarked upon with the intention of establishing the impression of youth... Continue Reading
      ABSTRACT           Pornographic materials are the representation of erotic behaviors in books, pictures, statues, motion pictures etc. that is intended to cause sexual excitement. The effect of pornographic films on Nigeria youths was embarked upon with the intention of establishing... Continue Reading
    ABSTRACT Leadership is the key to social upliftment, social stagnation and even social decay, but there is no such agreement as to which kind of leadership is most capable of meeting and enhancing national development. The ability of a leader to coordinate member’s behaviour in the pursuit of goals is referred to as leadership. George and et al... Continue Reading
    Poverty And Unemployment In Nigeria Causes Effects And Remedies ABSTRACT This study is an econometric method of research that analyzed the causes, effects and remedies of poverty and unemployment in Nigeria. It covered a period of 20 years 1991-2010 hence a time series analysis descriptive statistics and regression model was used to estimate the... Continue Reading
    CHAPTER ONE                                             INTRODUCTION 1.1:  Background of Study  The present economic recession being experienced in the country today was first experienced in 1974 (Professor Ango Abdullahi, 2016). He stressed that... Continue Reading