THE INFLUENCE OF AUDIO VISUAL MATERIALS IN THE EFFECTIVE DISSEMINATION OF KNOWLEDGE BY TEACHER’S: A CASE STUDY OF SOME SELECTED SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN IKPOBA-OKHA LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF EDO-STATE
This project work is a study of the influence of audio visual materials in the effective dissemination of knowledge by teachers in some selected secondary schools in Ikpoba-Okha Local Government Area in Edo State. The instructions employed in gathering the research data include questionnaire, oral interview and personal observation. The data collected was analyzed using simple percentage from the data collected and analyzed, the following parts were revealed;
1.That audio visual materials have a very visual has a very vital influence in teaching and learning process.
2.That it makes learning meaningful, increases the interest of the pupils and brings freshness and variety to learning if proper used.
3.Also, that educational broadcast helps pupils to understand their lesson better. Based on the above findings, recommendations were made if it is considered it would help to increase the use of audio visual materials in secondary schools in Ikpoba-Ohka local government area.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Background of the study
Statement of problem
The purpose of study
Scope of study
Limitation of study
Significance of the study
Definition of terms
Review of literature
Types of audio visual materials
The influence of audio visual materials in the effective dissemination of knowledge by teachers.
Design of study
Sample of analyzed data
Method of data analyzed
Sample of questionnaire
Analysis of data
BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
Many factors affect pupil’s performance in secondary schools. Among these factors are the student’s social-economic background, the standard of the school, choice of textbooks and teaching aids. In this study, only one variable teaching aid would be considered for treatment i.e. the influence of audio-visual aids in effective dissemination of knowledge.
In most developed countries, teaching aids are well utilized in the classroom. Teaching aids is very essential in our world of teaching. They motivate the child if well chosen.
Ehiametalor (1985), in this article on “the peculiarities of research project in educational administrator content that in the next few years, students will spend more ti9me working with the computer.” This is due to his identification of teaching aids as an integral part of learning process.
Educational aids are the items or equipments and materials which could aid teaching and learning. Audio visual materials are scientific teaching aids for the learning, through the visual projection and sound reproduction. These are capable of been seen and heard. They include 16mm sound films, 8mm films and television (Associate ship certificate education series) in 1981.
It is therefore very essential for teachers to use4 audio visual aids to make teaching effective, interesting and meaningful. In this light, this project is designed to; find out the extent teaching aids can help the students in their academic performance at schools.
STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
The rate of failure in secondary schools certificate examination in recent years has been alarming. Educationist, parents and others, express concern over this disappointing and embarrassing issue. From various research carried out in our schools observed that, most teachers in our schools do not use teaching materials especially the audio-visual types even the best teaching plan, and they come up against communication barriers that originate in the classroom.
The blame of non use teaching aids in the school is not only teachers but also, on the ministry of education in almost all the state of our country. The problem is either on the non availability of these this teaching aids or the ignorance of its practical application. There is therefore, that this neglect of the use of effective aids could be responsible for effective teaching and learning in our various schools.
In light of these, audio-visual materials can be used to improve the quality of instruction in the classroom. Every teacher should now ever, acquire basic knowledge and skills i.e. they should be proficient in planning design, development and production of instructional materials. The educational authorities and the school system on the other hand, should encourage teachers to produce materials by providing for them, the necessary materials, facilities and opportunities to acquire and continue and develop skills in production.
THE PURPOSE OF STUDY
The aim of these researches is to highlight the importance of teaching materials to prepare the teacher with the skill of media selection to identify different types of audio-visual materials in their community to differentiate between the merit and demerits or rather, the problem of the system and apply the skills acquired from the educational media, in the classroom situation.
SCOPE OF THE PROBLEM
Due to financial constraints and factors, this project work is restricted to secondary schools selected in Ikpoba Okha local government area in Edo State. The secondary schools as follows:
Aduwawa Secondary School
Oka Secondary School
Western boys’ high school
Niger Secondary School
Queen Ede Secondary School etc
SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
This project has certain implication, for the teaching profession in general. The importance lies in the contribution it makes to educational knowledge, regarding the great effect that teaching materials have in learning process.
Firstly, the significance of the study is very important to the educational improvement as it is vital in developing new techniques to meet the critical educational problems
To the classroom teachers, result of the study can be of great assistance in the selection of the most appropriate audio visual materials for specific learning tasks. They also provide firm basic for developing useful techniques founded proven learning theories. With the knowledge of this study, findings and their application to the classroom the teachers can use audio-visual materials with confidence.
A knowledge of this study can assist the school, administration in providing under ship role to his staff in the development of improved facilities and administrative organization to enable him or her, have more knowledge to direct his or her activities, and also, to ensure that, the school system have the capacity of utilizing the tools of educational professor.
DEFINITION OF TERMS
AUDIO VISUAL MATERIALS: All the teaching materials use by teachers which deals with seeing and hearing. They are multimedia materials includes television, radio, tape recorder.
TRAINED TEACHERS: Is one trained to give instructions, knowledge and skills to someone in a particular field or more
TEACHING MATERIALS: All the equipments used by teachers while teaching and which makes teaching clearer and easier for the students to understand
LABORATORY: A room or building used for scientific experiment, research and testing and given report to
FILM STRIP: These are series of picture with scripts written by teachers are shown on screen for academic purposes with aid learning and teaching effective.
SLIDE PROJECTOR: These are electrical project which show pictures in motion and to learning diagrams or instruction on a screen.
Chart: A labeled picture meant for students to look at constantly for familiarization of words.THE INFLUENCE OF AUDIO VISUAL MATERIALS IN THE EFFECTIVE DISSEMINATION OF KNOWLEDGE BY TEACHER’S: