+234 813 0686 500
+234 809 3423 853
info@grossarchive.com

EFFECT OF HOUSING CONDITIONS ON STUDENT ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE

  • Type:Project
  • Chapters:5
  • Pages:55
  • Format:Microsoft Word
(Education Project Topics & Materials)

EFFECT OF HOUSING CONDITIONS ON STUDENT ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE

 

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1   BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY

It is widely believed that students can acquire better academic benefits from living in a decent housing unit within or around the campus. So much so, that many colleges and universities, ranging from small liberal arts colleges to large state universities, require students to live on campus during their first year with few exceptions coupled with the failure of the appropriate authorities in the provision of decent housing for students. Typically, students exempt from such a policy include students over the age of 25, students that are married and/or have children, and students in the military as they can afford to provide for themselves a better housing unit outside the campus at a comparatively expensive amount (Loring, 1996). It has been suggested that availability of decent housing structure causes students to be less likely to drop out or transfer, more likely to make academic progress, and more capable of achieving a high level of academic performance.

Despite these common perceptions, there are inherent difficulties in estimating the impact decent housing unit has on student performance. For the schools that require the year one students to live on campus, there is no effective control group. Typically, year one students that do not live on campus share other features with each other that set them apart. A house even for students is a place where one lives. It is a place of residence or refuge. A house is not a mere transient shelter. Its essence lies in the people who live in it (English, 1987).

Bad housing covers a wide range of issues, including overcrowding, insecurity, housing that is in poor physical condition, and living in deprived neighborhoods. The range of health problems which can be attributed to poor housing conditions is large, from psychological and physiological effects to specific diseases varying in the degree of associated morbidity (Chapin, 2001). There is a large and significant body of scientific literature that demonstrates convincingly that there are direct causal links between different aspects of poor housing and particular health conditions (Smith, 1990). Health problems that have been associated with poor housing include the infectious diseases, non-infectious respiratory diseases such as asthma, and social and psychological problems.

The literature has identified three primary components of poor housing that are directly linked to poor health outcomes: overcrowding, dampness and moulds, and sanitation and basic housing quality. The researcher will explore t these components  and its relationship with students academic performance coupled with the health consequences. Crowding is generally considered as more of a threat to mental than physical health, although the spread of infectious diseases such as tuberculosis and scabies is also associated with overcrowding. Most studies investigating crowding adopt a standard measure based on WHO guidelines of either persons/room or sq. ft / person. However, a caution is in order since cultures vary in terms of their tolerance for crowded living conditions. Mitchell (1976) proposed that crowding is a more complex variable that requires a distinction between density– the number of people per unit space, and congestion, which reflects the simultaneous demands for the use of available space. The adverse mental health effect of crowding stems from the lack of personal control over the available space, rather than the actual small size of the space. Cultural variations in definitions of “crowding” also play a mediating role. Crowding which has been part of students housing system in Nigeria calls for concern making it necessary to carry out research on the effect of housing condition on student’s academic performance.

1.2   STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM

This study is designed to examine the relationship between housing conditions and academic performance of students. The level of research in this area is fraught with difficulty around proving causation: for example, whether poor housing conditions cause certain people to fail in achieving their educational potential, or whether the two are 'associated' – that those who are likely to fail at school tend to be concentrated in poorer condition houses or neighbourhoods anyway. In some areas (such as mental ill-health) there are schools of thought that those less able to cope will 'drift' into poorer areas and housing conditions. Although there may be more mileage in academic circles around the cause and effect arguments, the evidence for the positive impact of better housing is overwhelming. However, the researcher is analyzing the effect of housing conditions o students academic performance.

1.3   OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY

The following are the objectives of this study:

1.  To examine the effect of housing conditions on students academic performance.

2.  To examine the condition of the housing units available to Nigerian students.

3.  To determine the factors affecting academic performance of students.

1.4   RESEARCH QUESTIONS

1.  What is the effect of housing conditions on student’s academic performance?

2.  What is the condition of the housing units available to Nigerian students?

3.  What are the factors affecting academic performance of students?

1.5   HYPOTHESIS

HO: There is no significance relationship between housing conditions and student’s academic performance

HA: There is significance relationship between housing conditions and student’s academic performance

1.6   SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY

The following are the significance of this study:

1.  The outcome of this study will be useful to the general public and the government authorities saddled with the responsibility of providing decent housing for students in terms of assessment of the current situation with consideration for its effect on academic performance.

2.  This research will also serve as a resource base to other scholars and researchers interested in carrying out further research in this field subsequently, if applied will go to an extent to provide new explanation to the topic

1.7   SCOPE/LIMITATIONS OF THE STUDY

This study on the effect of housing conditions on student’s academic performance will cover the present state of housing used by students in Nigeria and its effect on their academic performance.

LIMITATION OF STUDY

Financial constraint- Insufficient fund tends to impede the efficiency of the researcher in sourcing for the relevant materials, literature or information and in the process of data collection (internet, questionnaire and interview).

 Time constraint- The researcher will simultaneously engage in this study with other academic work. This consequently will cut down on the time devoted for the research work.


REFERENCES

Chapin, F.S. (2001). Some Housing Factors Related to Mental Hygiene. American Journal of Public Health, 41, 839-845.

English, J. (1987). Housing and Health: The Relationship Between Housing Conditions and the Health of Council Tenants. Journal of Social Policy, 16, 260-262.

Loring, W.C. (1996). Residential Environment: Nexus of Personal Interactions and Healthful Development. Journal of Health and Human Behaviour, 5, 166-169.

Mitchell, R.E. (1976). Cultural and Health Influences on Building, Houing, and Community Standards: Cost Implications for the Human Habitat. Human Ecology, 4, 297-330

Smith, S.J. (1990). Health Status and the Housing System. Social Science and Medicine, 31, 753-762.

EFFECT OF HOUSING CONDITIONS ON STUDENT ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE

Share This

Details

Type Project
Department Education
Project ID EDU1729
Price ₦3,000 ($9)
Chapters 5 Chapters
No of Pages 55 Pages
Format Microsoft Word

500
Leave a comment...

    Details

    Type Project
    Department Education
    Project ID EDU1729
    Price ₦3,000 ($9)
    Chapters 5 Chapters
    No of Pages 55 Pages
    Format Microsoft Word

    Related Works

    CASE STUDY ENUGU STATE UNIVERSITY CHAPTER ONE 1.0        INTRODUCTION Urban renewal evolved more or as a result of the Industrial Revolution which led to urban decay.  The nature of such decay can be attributed to many factors which can be classified under human,... Continue Reading
    CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.0 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY Urban renewal evolved more or as a result of the Industrial Revolution which led to urban decay.  The nature of such decay can be attributed to many factors which can be classified under human, economic and social factors. This phenomenon of decay is manifested more on the structures and is... Continue Reading
    Abstract Different technologies have been implemented in the educational system in Norway over the last decade and it has been a subject of debate whether the use of technology enhances students’ educational outcomes. The aim of this master thesis is therefore to analyze... Continue Reading
    ABSTRACT This study was carried out to investigate the effects of private lesson on academic performance of students in J.S.S classes. The sample for the study comprised of one hundred students who were randomly selected from four schools. data collected were analyzed with the use of simple percentage counts. Findings revealed that private lessons... Continue Reading
    ABSTRACT The study was aimed at investigating the impact of lecturer-student relationship on students’ academic performance in delta state university, Asaba campus. The survey research was used in this study to sample the opinion of respondents. This method involved random selection of respondent who were administered with questionnaires. The... Continue Reading
    HOUSING CONDITIONS AND OCCUPANCY RATION IN OKPOKO URBAN AND REGIONAL PLANNING CASE STUDY ENUGU STATE UNIVERSITY CHAPTER ONE 1.0 INTRODUCTION Urban renewal evolved more or as a result of the Industrial Revolution which led to urban decay. The nature of such decay can be attributed to many factors which can be classified under human, economic and... Continue Reading
    CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1        BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY Attitude as a concept is concerned with an individual way of thinking, acting and behaving. It has very serious implications for the learner, the teacher, and the immediate social group with which the individual learner relates and the entire school system. It is also the concept... Continue Reading
    ABSTRACT This study is an attempt to investigate the effect of teacher-student ratio on student’s academic performance in public school of Ojo Local Government Area. The population of the study consists of all the teachers and students in the fifteen (15) public school of the local government area. A sample of one hundred (100) students and... Continue Reading
    ANALYSIS OF THE EFFECT OF THE PROVISION OF HOUSING ESTATE ON RESIDENTIAL HOUSING DELIVERY (A CASE STUDY OF WORLD BANK HOUSING ESTATE OWERRI) ABSTRACT This dissertation deals chiefly with an analysis of the effect of the provision of housing estate on residential housing delivery with a case study of world bank housing estate Owerri. The key... Continue Reading
    ABSTRACT This dissertation deals chiefly with an analysis of the effect of the provision of housing estate on residential housing delivery with a case study of world bank housing estate Owerri.  The key impetus for this research on the analysis of the effect of the provision of housing estates on other residential house in this particular area of... Continue Reading