EFFECT OF SEX EDUCATION ON SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS IN OVIA NORTH EAST LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA
This study was designed to study the effects of sex education in secondary schools in Ovia North East Local Government Area. The project attempts to examine the prevalent factors of unwanted pregnancy among students; questionnaire were used for data collection. Research showed that secondary schools students are not ignorant of sex education. They get information about sex from their peer etc. The issue of unwanted pregnancy is as a result of this information culture and religions have great impact on sex education. Sex education should be included in the school curriculum; teachers and counselors should create a better relationship as they deliver information. Parents, religion leaders, community leaders should also lend a helping hand in sex education.
TABLE OF CONTENT
Background to the study
Statement of the problem
Purpose of the study
Significance of the study
Scope of the study (Delimitations)
Limitations of the study
Definition of terms
Review of related literature
Concept of sex education
Source of sex information
Parental and societal role towards ensuring a healthy adolescent sexual development. Importance of sex education
Effects of sex education
Population of the study
Sample and sampling techniques
Reliability of instrument
Method of data collection
Method of data analysis
Presentation of data/discussion
Summary, conclusion and recommendation
1.0 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
In the past in Christian society, it was assumed that the young unmarried people (under graduates and youths) should not be troubled by sex problems in that they would not all thoughts of sex out of their minds. But the youths of today are very anxious about themselves and all that affects their life. Sometimes they ask certain questions about themselves which required parents’ response. They equally ask questions based on films they watch, television programmes and the magazine they read. Blanet (2001) states that it has now been realized that it is much better for senior secondary students to acknowledge the faith that they have sexual desire and recognize that it is entirely natural. Any problem that arises as a result can be dealt with more effectively than when children are deprived of the sex education and what it presents.
Sex education affects and helps children to develop into effective family members. Sex education provides factual knowledge essentials to the features of anatomy and physiology of human and animal reproduction which every educated person wishes to know. An American school of health association committee (2000) once added that sex education, social economic and physiological phases of human relations who they are affected by male and female relationship. It also emphasized attitude development and related to association between the sexes. Siens (2004) also explains that sex education which teaches the young persons what he/she should know for his/her personal conduct and relationship with others. The study area is situated in the senior secondary schools in Ovia North East Local Government Area of Edo State. Ovia North East Local Government Area is made of different tribes such as Binis, Ijaws etc. educationally, the studied area is not lacking behind. Today it has about 28 secondary schools which include Ezomo College Ora, Ebomisi Secondary School, Utekon Secondary School, Iguedaken Secondary School etc. and each of these schools is subdivided into school one and two.
1.1 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEMS
The teaching of sex education in our senior secondary schools is very important for both male and female students. But the topic has not be viewed from the right perspective as it ought to be in schools, cases of sex experiment, free married sex, early marriage, unwanted pregnancy, distortion, abortion and termination of unwanted pregnancies; these are becoming very rampant among our students in the senior secondary schools of study in particular and Edo State in general. This study is therefore trying to find out the effect of sex education in senior secondary schools.
1.2 PURPOSE OF THE STUDY
In the light of the above stated problems, the study therefore seeks to identify the effect of sex education in senior secondary schools and enumerate the rationale behind it.
1.3 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
It is of great importance to note that at the end of this research work, various senior secondary schools, communities, towns, states and our country in general will find the result of this research work will play an essential role in the standard of education and in the task of economic growth and development in the life of senior secondary students. The result from this research work will also provide an ample opportunity for preventing their children from being engaged in unguided sexual relationship. The significance of this study is to reveal the often to which sex education has deeps into the fabric of our senior secondary schools students most especially in Edo State; to discover the forms, causes, effects and consequences of sexual relationship. Also students been enlighten will then preserve the norms and values of the society and the ethnics of sex education.
1.4 RESEARCH QUESTIONS
Since research work is meant to tell the validity of assumptions, the following questions are thereby stated for the purpose of this study
1. Do you have knowledge of sex education?
2. Does the cultural and religions background affect the sex education in schools
3. What effect sex educations have on our schools?
1.5 SCOPE OF THE STUDY (DELIMITATION)
This research work is carried out to find the effects of sex education on senior secondary schools students. This work is only confined to the senior secondary schools in Ovia North East Local Government Area of Edo State meanwhile, the study of sex education is a highly diversified one hence the particular study is narrowed down to determine the reasons and mode of sex education and its effects on the senior secondary schools in Ovia North East Local Government Area of Edo State.
1.7 DEFINITION OF TERMS
The following terms are defined as used in this study so as to enhance easy understanding.
Effect: The impact that some thing creates.
Sex: difference between male and female
Education: Is the systematic training and instruction especially of young ones in schools.
Distorted: Denoted false impression about view of life
Diversified: To cover a very wide range
Free married: engaging in activities before marriage