OF THE STUDY
of the means through which a teacher can maintain class discipline in secondary
school is through reward and punishment. The effective use of reward and
punishment in secondary schools and been expressed by many educationist and
psychologists and these contributing views and feelings of other (educationist
and psychologist) will be brought together by the writer during the course of
study so that the reader can be given sufficient ground work on which to base
his conclusion after writing the resource work.
to Kelly (1990) define reward as materials and intangible values that can be
employed to motivate students to learn. If a teacher fails to recognized
individual differences in pupils, or fails to threat the pupils according to
their maturity their cultural background, interest and personalities, then he
is likely to reduce the effectiveness of the incentives, which he may choose
the use pupils of different ages have different abilities. According to Orlich
et al (1985) wrote that punishment is both a rather unreliable techniques that
is likely to have unfortunate side effect.
and punishment is also equally an area of interest which is closely involves
many parents and teachers who feel the need for education authority to define
its limitation so as not to over step their bounds are limits reward and
punishment, especially when they are related to learning process are most
debated solution must be sought out in this intriguing issue because the
outcome will give a practical advice and guidance to those who are just
beginning the teaching career or to parents who show much concern over their
childrenís success in life. The work does not even claim to solve all the
problems concern with punishment and reward in learning process in the school
but rather in the highlight some possible solutions will be of abundant
educational values to both teachers and prevents and the public in general.
OF THE PROBLEM
work is on the study of the effects of reward and punishment on academic
performance of students in some selected schools in Oredo local government area of Edo state. Many
educationists (psychologist) have written many books covering this topic, the
writer attempts in the study therefore to examine the views of some of these
renowned writers in addition to their research finding and personal experience
so as to be able to know the following problems.
1. To find out whether effective learning can take
place form of punishment.
2. Whether there is other method of learning
effectively without reward and punishment.
3. If punishment has effect on the learning process of
the students in secondary school.
4. If reward and punishment can be combine so that
much can be achieved in terms of educational objectives.
main aims and objective why the writer is carrying out this research is simply
to give more information about reward and punishment in secondary school in Oredo
local government area of Edo State
OF THE STUDY
study will help to lay more emphasis on the effective use of punishment and
reward by policy makers; those who plan the curriculum the effects of reward
and punishment in our secondary schools.
also benefits the Edo state ministry of education because it will provide them
useful information about the roles of rewards and punishment as a means or
enhancing learning in our society at large.
study is guided by the following questions;
1. It is punishment a way of correcting students?
2. Do parents and teachers support the use of punishment?
3. Does reward promote or encourage learning?
4. Does punishment have negative effect on learning?
selected are well planned and whole structured so getting all teachers in their
staff room at the same time to ask questions is difficult.
students were not free either. As their curriculum was so tight that the
researcher had to go through some procedures that were both necessary for them
because she reach both teachers and students by personal investigation; another
problem that likely to be encountered is during oral interview where students
may not be available for questions.