OF THE STUDY
academic performance of any child cannot be separated from the home environment
in which the child grows up. A healthy home environment offers emotional
security to a child. The schools cannot simply provide a continuation of the
home environment, but they can play an inestimable role in laying the
foundation for the child learn how to read and write, however, this influence
is characterized by various factors such as the parents home background
learning facilities, levels of parents educational attainment and other socio
the years, the society had recorded a persisted increase in the rate of poor
performance in the various schools examinations such as the senior secondary
school examination (S.S.C.E). Comments from educators have shown that the blame
from look of performance has been as a result of neglect and carefree attitude
towards academic works by students and parents.
against this background that the researcher has decided to investigate on the
academic performance of a child. There are innumerable factors which affect a
child academic performance as stated above. It is obvious that a child academic
performance is directly related to his her environment as well as learning
facilities and other socio cultural issues. Every child is born with the same
intellectual ability, but a good and conducive environment with adequate
learning facilities will help to boost the intellectual and academic capability
of the child. Parents from good learning environment will always have good
attitudes towards education and provide learning materials such as the
television, instructional video tract, books and journals e.t.c that will
facilitate the learning process. These as a matter of fact can give a child an
edge over his or her counterparts in an environment with poor learning
parents will always express the belief that it is important to help a child
with his or her home work and to review the school work that the child had done
but a child from a poor home environment to a large extent is deprived of such
opportunities and thus, he or she struggles to service he teaching and learning
process. A student in this category is therefore not confident and consisted.
Hence he or she experiences how academic performance hence, the motivation of
any intelligent child towards learning is being accelerated by the positive
influence of his or her environment, while others are negatively affected in terms
of their poor home environment.
importance of education in an individual cannot be over emphasized. Education
has a long lasting impact on one’s life. For example the acquisition of
knowledge and skills and all other things that is worthwhile, which are
transmitted to a person through formal and informal education determines his or
her potential in future.
we understand that the home is the first school for a child where he or she is
taught the basics norms and values by the parents before the child leaves for
the formal education. Contrary to popular opinion. Learning and reading begins
in school but the first foundation of the child begins in school but the first
foundation of the child begins at home. (Binkley 1998)
those facts, this research has to do with asking the following questions on why
does student home environment affect student performance in school.
learning environment reduces a child academic performance
Can the attitude
of illiterate parents affect the child performance
attitudes of illiterate parents of affect the child’s performance
of this study are;
To examine the
meaning of the influence of home environment on the academic performance of
pupils in primary school.
To identify the
influence of home environment on the academic performance of a pupils in
solution to the influence of home environment on the academic performance of
pupils in primary school.
regard to the purpose of this research, the following research questions
provide the focus of the study.
Does the home
environment have any influence on a Childs academic performance
Do the parents
and their academic attainment have any influence on a Childs academic
Do the parents
and their academic attainment have any influence on the academic performance
Is the academic
performance of a child influence by his or her socio cultural background?
is of immense importance to individuals and to the society at large. Educators
have greatly assumed that the home environment, to a large extent determines
the progress of an individual in learning situation. This study will therefore
highlight the significant differences in various home environments. The study
will enable educationist and curriculum planners to take full cognizance of
individual difference among children in any teaching/ learning environment
while planning. It will also help teachers to cater for the various classes of
school children in the classroom.
it will enable the teacher to adopt new dimensional approaches while teaching
finally parents irrespective of their educational qualification should
encourage the child at home, and also provide the maximum stimulation at all