TO THE STUDY
education of children is an important duty of parents and government duty of
parents and the government. The education process starts in the home, but it continues
in school when children reach schools age. It is necessary to emphasize from
the on set that the attempt here is analyze the causes and effect of
educational imbalance is to acknowledge the fact that certain factors are
responsible for the educational imbalance among male and female students in
Uhunmwonde to be exact. A critical examination of these factors will give a
clear understanding of the differences in the number of male and female in
to the national policy on education (1998_) the 6-3-3-4 programme starts when
the child spend six years in primary schools three years in higher education.
The national policy on education also recognized the importance of pre-primary
education hence it urged parents to provide such education for their children.
Parents generally wish to educate all their children whether they are poor or
rich, educated or illiterate, they realize the immerge importance of school
education. However, there are certain problems which make it difficult for parents
to provide education for all the children. One of such problems is economic for
financial problems in the home. Education is very expensive and many families
are unable to provide the money to educate all the boys and girls children. If
there is not enough money to send all the children which of the children to
sent to school. The others are kept in the home to assist in farming, cooking
and business, there are also culture and religions tradition and custom of the
people, which influence the attitudes of parents towards the education of boys
and girls for example, because male children in her it their fathers properties
most Nigerians tribal families, the male are considered more important than the
female children. Therefore, parents tend to make more effort to educate the
boys than the girls. Moreover, the girls are expected to mature and leave their
parents to live with their husband in the house, some parents feel that money
spent on education of the boys is an investment for the further wealth of the family.
For religions reasons, the female children in some Moslem families are not
given easy freedom to attend school, this is to protect them from too much
Muslim association with male. It protects them from the society. Another factor
that influences the willingness of parents to send their children to schools is
the availability of school near their house. In some part of the country there
are not many schools. The school in the locality may be too for from home and
there may be no transportation to go to school for safety reason, parents may
decide not to take the risk of following the young children to walk the long
distance to school. This is particularly the case if the childís is a girl or
the health of the child is not too good.
is an instrument for the development of an individual and their society. It is
so important that every person should be well educated. The problems of
illiteracy and half education are so many that no parents should deny his or
her child the opportunity or right to receive good education. But there are
facts which militate against male and female enjoying the same unequal access
to education. Some of these factors affects some parents and families more than
other. The educational, cultural, religious or economical problems. The factors
influencing educational imbalance likely to differ according to whether the
child concerned is a male or a female, when ever a parents in not in a position
to provide equal access to education for all his children, a choice has to be
made which may be in favour of the male or female. The parentís attitudes to
the education of male and female we determine which of the children to send to
school. In Nigeria society, the changes are that the boys will be favored more
than the girls. The problems can lead to more illiterate or inadequately
educated girls than boys in the community. It also amount to denial of the girlís
fundamental right for a better future life.
OF THE STUDY
main purpose and objective of the study is to critically examine the causes and
the effect of educational imbalance among male and female students in Uhunmwonde
Local Government Area of Edo State. The study also aimed at investigating the
influence of certain factors and personal characteristics of parents on their
attitudes towards the education of boys and girls. The factors include the sex
of parents, there social economic status, their level of education, their
religion background from the findings of the study, recommendations will be
made on how to get parents to appreciate the need to give both male and female
equal opportunity to receive equal education.
order to study the causes and the effect of educational imbalance among male
and female students the following research questions have been put forward.
imbalances in the number of male and female students in schools?
economic or financial status of parents influence the education of male and female?
background of parents influences his or her attitude towards the education of
male and female.
educational background or level of a parents influence his attitude towards the
education of his children.
Does the family
size of a parents influences his or her attitudes towards the education of male
OF THE STUDY
study is important because girls on many Nigerian houses and societies are
often not given the same opportunities to education as is given to the boys.
The girls usually suffer some discrimination especially if her parents are
poor, uneducated or have many children to carter for I school. The introduction
of universal basic education (UBE) will help to increase opportunity to change
the attitude of parents nor remove all the cultural prejudice against females.
The study is also significant in the sense that it will help to expose which
factors are most influential in determining what attitudes we may reasonably
expect from different types of parents, such information from this study should
be useful to government and those who manage the educational system. It will
enable them to plan properly on how to enforce the compulsory attendance
required by the universal basic education programme for all children of primary
and junior school age that is free and compulsory education for children from
the age of 6-15 years.
study will involve the total scope of the study of Uhunmwonde Local Government
Area in Benin City, Edo State. Due to the nature of the topic the causes and
effect of educational imbalance among male and female students in Uhunmwonde
Local Government Area in Edo State the researcher was subjected to certain
limitations such as time; ill health; finance and non availability of research
the conduct of the research or had been in such a manner that major constraints
have been over come such as possible.